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ξεν-ικός, ή, όν, also ός, όν E.Ion722 (lyr.); Ion. ξεινικός Hdt.1.77:—
of or for a stranger, of foreign kind, opp. ἀστικός, A.Supp.618; ξ. ἱκτῆρες E.Cyc.370 (lyr.); ξενικά taxes paid by aliens at Athens, ξ. τελεῖν D.57.34; σύσσιτοι ξ., opp. πολιτικοί, Arist.Pol.1314a10; -ωτέρας ..γενομένης τῆς βοηθείας more connected with, or dependent upon, foreigners, ib.1257a31; τὸ ξ. the class of aliens, ib.1278a7; also τὸ ξ. (sc. δικαστήριον) the court in which aliens sued or were sued, ib.1300b24, cf. SIG306.24 (Tegea, iv B. C.), PHal.1.164 (iii B. C.); ξ. χαλκός foreign money, PStrassb.103.8 (iii B. C.); ξ. ἀργύριον IG12.313.57, 22.1436.56; ξ. νόμισμα Pl.Lg.742b; ξ. ἐμπόριον PTeb.5.33 (ii B. C.); τὰ ξ. alien property, IG9(1).333.3 (Oeanthea, v B. C.); ξ. βοσκήματα, τὰ ξ. τῶν σπερμάτων, Thphr.HP9.20.3, 8.8.1, cf. Pl.R.497b.

b. concerning the status of an alien, δίκα (cf. ξενία 1.3) SIG526.25 (Crete, iii B. C.).

c. in Thessaly, ξ. λύτρωσις manumission which confers non-citizen status, IG9(2).28: freq. ξενικῇ alone, ἀπελευθεροῦσθαι ξ. ib.14, al.

2. of foreign troops, etc., νῆες ξ. ships furnished by the allies, Th.7.42; but usu. of hired troops, ξ. στρατός Hdt.1.77; τὸ ξ., = οἱ ξένοι, a body of mercenaries, Ar.Pl.173, Th.[8.25], X.An.1.2.1, etc.; ξενικὸν τρέφειν D.4.24.

3. rarely = ξένιος, hospitable, ὁ ξ. θεός protector of guests, Pl.Lg.879e; ἡ ξ. τράπεζα Aeschin.3.224, cf. Dosiad.Hist.1; ἡ ξενική (sc. φιλία) friendship between host and guest, Arist.EN1156a31. Adv. -κῶς hospitably, Theopomp.Hist.225.

II. foreign, strange, νόμαια, ἱρά, Hdt.1.135,172; τὸ ξ., of laws, their foreign origin or character, Pl.Lg.702c; ξ. λόγοι Ar.Ach.634; ξ. ὀνόματα non-Attic names, Pl.Cra.401c; οἶνος ξ. Alex.290, Diph.32.27; δίκαιον τοὺς ξένους πίνειν ξενικόν Alex.230; γλῶσσα, λίθος, PGiss.99.9(ii/iii A. D.), POxy.1449.46 (iii A. D.); ἀγνωστότερα καὶ-ώτερα Arist. Metaph.995a3; of style, unfamiliar, i.e. abounding in unusual words and phrases, ξ. λέξις Id.Rh.1406a15; τὸ ξ. ib.1405a8, cf. Po.1458a22. Adv. -κῶς in non-Attic fashion, Pl.Cra.407b.