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cĭĕo, cīvi, cĭtum, 2 (from the primitive form cĭo, cīre, prevailing in the compounds accio, excio, etc. (cf. Prisc. pp. 865, 905, and 908 P.), are also found: pres. cio, Mart. 4, 90, 4: cit, Verg. Cul. 201; Col. 6, 5, 1 Schneid.: cimus, Lucr. 1, 213; 5, 211: ciunt, Lact. Ep. 4 dub.: ciant, App. Flor. 2, n. 17, p. 358; Mart. Cap. 1, 91: ciuntur, id. de Mundo, 22, p. 67), v. a. [kindr. with κίω, to go; and by the addition of the causative signif. like κινέω, causative from κίω; v. 1. ci.].

I. Lit., to put in motion; hence, to move, stir, shake (syn.: moveo, commoveo, concito, excito al.; class. in prose and poetry): calcem, to make a move in the game of chess, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86: natura omnia ciens et agitans, Cic. N. D. 3, 11, 27: inanimum est omne, quod pulsu agitatur externo; quod autem est animal, id motu cietur interiore et suo, id. Tusc. 1, 23, 54 (for which, in the same chapter, several times movere; cf. also id. N. D. 2, 9, 23): remos, Stat. Th. 6, 801: imo Nereus ciet aequora fundo, stirs up, Verg. A. 2, 419: puppes sinistrorsum citae, Hor. Epod. 9, 20.—

B. In judic. lang. t. t.: ciere erctum (lit. to put in motion, i. e.), to divide the inheritance, Cic. de Or. 1, 56, 237; cf. erctum.—

C. Trop., to put in motion, to rouse up, disturb: natura maris per se immobilis est, et venti et aurae cient, Liv. 28, 27, 11: saltum canibus ciere, Lucr. 5, 1250: fontes et stagna, Cic. poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 9, 15: tonitru caelum omne ciebo, Verg. A. 4, 122: loca sonitu cientur, Lucr. 4, 608; cf.: reboat raucum regio cita barbara bombum, id. 4, 544 Lachm. N. cr.

II. With reference to the terminus ad quem, to move, excite, or call to (poet. or in Aug. and post-Aug. prose for the common accire): ad sese aliquem, Cat. 68, 88: ad arma, Liv. 5, 47, 4; Sil. 7, 43: in pugnam, id. 4, 272: armatos ad pugnam, Vell. 2, 6, 6: aere ciere viros, Verg. A. 6, 165: quos e proximis coloniis ejus rei fama civerat, Tac. A. 15, 33: aliquem in aliquem, id. H. 1, 84, 5: ab ultimis subsidiis cietur miles (sc. in primam aciem), Liv. 9, 39, 8: ille cieri Narcissum postulat, Tac. A. 11, 30.—

B. To call upon for help, to invoke; of invoking superior beings: nocturnos manes, Verg. A. 4, 490: luctificam Alecto dirarum ab sede sororum, id. ib. 7, 325: vipereasque ciet Stygiā de valle sorores (i. e. Furias), Ov. M. 6, 662: numina nota ciens, Val. Fl. 4, 549: foedera et deos, Liv. 22, 14, 7.—

C. In gen., to call upon any one by name, to mention by name: erum, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 11: comites magnā voce, Lucr. 4, 578: animamque sepulcro Condimus et magnā supremum voce ciemus, Verg. A. 3, 68: lamentatione flebili majores suos ciens ipsumque Pompeium, Tac. A. 3, 23: singulos nomine, id. ib. 2, 81; so Suet. Ner. 46: triumphum nomine ciere, i. e. to call Io triumphe! Liv. 45, 38, 12.—Hence,

2. In a civil sense: patrem, to name one's father, i. e. show one's free birth, Liv. 10, 8, 10.—

III. To put any course of action in progress or any passion in motion, i. e. to excite, stimulate, rouse, to produce, effect, cause, occasion, begin (very freq., esp. in poetry): solis uti varios cursus lunaeque meatus Noscere possemus quae vis et causa cierent, Lucr. 5, 773: motus, id. 3, 379; Cic. Tusc. 1, 10, 20: varias voces, Lucr. 5, 1059: lamenta virum commoliri atque ciere, id. 6, 242 Lachm. N. cr.: tinnitus aere, Cat. 64, 262; Verg. G. 4, 64 (cie tinnitus): singultus ore, Cat. 64, 131: gemitus, Verg. G. 3, 517: fletus, id. A. 3, 344: lacrimas, id. ib. 6, 468: mugitus, id. ib. 12, 103: murmur, id. G. 1, 110; Liv. 9, 7, 3: bellum, id. 5, 37, 2; Vell. 2, 54; Tac. H. 3, 41 fin.; Verg. A. 1, 541: belli simulacra, id. ib. 5, 674: seditiones, Liv. 4, 52, 2: tumultum, id. 28, 17, 16; 41, 24, 18: vires intimas molemque belli, Tac. A. 15, 2 fin.; cf. id. H. 3, 1: pugnam, Liv. 1, 12, 2; 2, 47, 1; 9, 22, 7; Tac. A. 3, 41: proelium, Liv. 2, 19, 10; 4, 33, 3; 7, 33, 12; 10, 28, 8: Martem, Verg. A. 9, 766: acies, stragem, id. ib. 6, 829; cf. Liv. 22, 39, 7: rixam, Vell. 1, 2 al.

B. In medic.: alvum, to cause evacuation, Plin. 20, 9, 38, 96: urinam, id. 27, 7, 28, 48: menses, to cause menstruation, id. 26, 15, 90, 151 sq. al.—Hence, cĭtus, a, um, P. a., lit. put in motion; hence, quick, swift, rapid (opp. tardus, Cic. de Or. 3, 57, 216; Sall. C. 15, 5; class.; esp. freq. in poetry; rare in Cic.): ad scribendum citus, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 86: quod jubeat citis quadrigis citius properet persequi, id. Aul. 4, 1, 14; Verg. A. 8, 642: bigae, Cat. 55, 26: puppis, id. 64, 6; Tib. 4, 1, 69: classis, Hor. C. 1, 37, 24: navis, Ov. M. 15, 732; Tac. A. 2, 6: axis, Ov. M. 2, 75: fugae, id. ib. 1, 543: plantae, id. ib. 10, 591: incessus, Sall. C. 15, 5: via, Liv. 33, 48, 1: venator, Hor. C. 1, 37, 18: cum militibus, Tac. A. 11, 1: legionibus, id. ib. 14, 26: agmine, id. ib. 1, 63; 4, 25: cohortes, id. ib. 12, 31: mors, Hor. C. 2, 16, 29; id. S. 1, 1, 8: pes, i. e. iambus, id. A. P. 252.—Comp.: nullam ego rem citiorem apud homines esse quam famam reor, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Fest. p. 61 Müll.; Val. Max. 3, 8, ext. 1.—Sup., Quint. 6, 4, 14 dub.; v. Spald. and Zumpt in h. l.—

B. In the poets very freq. (also a few times in Tac.) instead of the adv. cito: citi ad aedis venimus Circae, Liv. And. ap. Fest. S1. v. topper, p. 352, 6 Müll.: equites parent citi, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 88; id. Stich. 2, 2, 70; Lucr. 1, 386: somnus fugiens citus abiit, Cat. 63, 42: solvite vela citi, Verg, A. 4, 574; cf. id. ib. 9, 37; 12, 425; Hor. S. 1, 10, 92; cf. id. C. 3, 7, 27: ite citi, Ov. M. 3, 562; Tac. H. 2, 40: si citi advenissent, id. A. 12, 12.—Hence,

1. cĭto, adv.

a. Quickly, speedily, soon (freq. in prose and poetry of all periods): quam tarda es! non vis citius progredi? Phaedr. 3, 6, 2; Plaut. Mil. 2, 6, 44: eloquere, id. Cist. 4, 2, 83: abi cito et suspende te, Ter. And. 1, 5, 20; 3, 1, 16: labascit victus uno verbo: quam cito! id. Eun. 1, 2, 98: quod eum negasti, qui non cito quid didicisset, umquam omnino posse perdiscere, Cic. de Or. 3, 36, 146; cf. Hor. A. P. 335; Quint. 12, 8, 3; 11, 2, 2; 10, 6, 2: non multum praestant sed cito, id. 1, 3, 4 et saep.: sat cito si sat bene, a moral saying of Cato in Hier. Ep. 66, n. 9: cito rumpes arcum, semper si tensum habueris, Phaedr. 3, 14, 10: ad paenitendum properat cito qui judicat, Publ. Syr. Sent. 6: scribere, Quint. 10, 3, 10: nimis cito diligere, Cic. Lael. 21, 78: cito absolvere, tarde condemnare, id. Verr. 2, 1, 9, 26.—Comp.: citius, Plaut. Aul. 4, 1, 14; Pers. 3, 3, 31; Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 23; Lucr. 1, 557; 2, 34; Cic. Sen. 2, 4: Noto citius, Verg.A.5, 242 et saep.: dicto, Hor. S. 2, 2, 80; Verg. A. 1, 142: supremā die, i. e. ante supremam diem, Hor. C. 1, 13, 20: serius aut citius sedem properamus ad unam (for which serius ocius, id. ib. 2, 3, 26), sooner or later, Ov. M. 10, 33.— Sup.: citissime, Caes. B. G. 4, 33 fin. al.—

b. With the negative, sometimes equivalent to non facile, not easily (cf. the Gr. τάχα): haud cito, Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 89: neque verbis aptiorem cito alium dixerim, neque sententiis crebriorem, Cic. Brut. 76, 264: quem tu non tam cito rhetorem dixisses quam πολιτικόν, id. ib. 265.—

c. Sometimes in comp. without the negative, = potius, sooner, rather: ut citius diceres, etc., Cic. Brut. 67, 238 fin.: citius dixerim, jactasse se aliquos, etc., id. Phil. 2, 11, 25; id. Fam. 5, 2, 10; id. Off. 1, 18, 59; Hor. S. 2, 5, 35.—

2. cĭtē, quickly, Scrib. Comp. 198.