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con-tŭbernĭum, ii, n. [taberna].

I. Abstr.

A. In milit. lang. (cf. contubernalis, I.).

1. Tent-companionship, a dwelling together in a tent: legionum, with the legions, Tac. A. 1, 41; id. H. 2, 80.—

b. Concr., a body of soldiers occupying a tent together, a mess, squad: erant decani decem militibus propositi, qui nunc caput contubernii vocantur, Veg. Mil. 2, 8; 2, 13.—

2. The intercourse of a young man and the general accompanied by him in war, attendance, Cic. Planc. 11, 27; Sall. J. 64, 4; Liv. 42, 11, 7; Tac. Agr. 5 al.

B. Transf. from the sphere of milit. operations.

1. The accompanying, attendance (of teachers, friends, etc.), Suet. Aug. 89; id. Tib. 14; 56; Tac. Or. 5 al.

2. In partic.,

(a). The marriage of slaves, Col. 12, 1, 2; Curt. 5, 5, 20; Dig. 40, 4, 59.—

(b). Ironically, in distinction from conubium: contubernium muliebris militiae, concubinage, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 40, 104; Petr. 92, 4; Suet. Caes. 49 al.

b. Of animals, a dwelling together, Phaedr. 2, 4, 4; cf.: si hominis contubernium passa est (bestia immanis), Sen. Ira, 3, 8, 2.—

c. Trop.: felicitatis et moderationis dividuum contubernium est, dwell not, exist not together, Val. Max. 9, 5 fin.

II. Concr. (acc. to I. A. and B.).

A. A common wartent, Caes. B. C. 3, 76; Tac. A. 1, 17; 1, 41 al.

B. Transf., the dwelling of different persons, Suet. Calig. 10; 22; id. Ner. 34.—

2. The dwelling of a couple who are slaves, a slave dwelling, Tac. H. 1, 43; 3, 74.—

3. Of bees, Plin. 11, 11, 10, 26.