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dē-do, dĭdi, dĭtum (infin. pass. parag.: dedier, Liv. 1, 32), 3, v. a., lit., to give away, give up from one's self; hence, with respect to the term. ad quem, to give up any thing to one, to surrender, deliver, consign, yield (stronger than do, q. v.—freq. and class.).

I. Lit.

A. In gen.: ancillas, Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 7; cf.: aliquem in pistrinum, id. Andr. 1, 2, 28: aliquem hostibus in cruciatum, Caes. B. G. 7, 71, 3; so, ad supplicium, Liv. 1, 5: ad exitium, Tac. A. 1, 32; id. H. 2, 10: ad necem, Liv. 9, 4; for which neci, Verg. G. 4, 90; Ov. F. 4, 840: telis militum, Cic. Mil. 1, 2: aliquem istis, id. Verr. 2, 4, 42: mihi iratae infamem juvencum, Hor. Od. 3, 27, 46: Assyrios cineri odores, impart, devote, Tib. 1, 3, 7.—

B. Esp., milit. t. t., to deliver up, surrender some one or something to the enemy; and with se, to surrender one's self, capitulate: INIVSTE IMPIEQVE ILLOS HOMINES ILLASQVE RES DEDIER, an old formula in Liv. 1, 32: urbem, agrum, aras, focos seque uti dederent, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 71: eos, qui sibi Galliaeque bellum intulisset, sibi dedere, Caes. B. G. 4, 16, 3: so, auctores belli, Liv. 9, 1: eum hostibus, Suet. Caes. 24: Cirtam, Sall. J. 35, 1: Ambiani se suaque omnia sine mora dediderunt, Caes. B. G. 2, 15, 2: se suaque omnia Caesari, id. ib. 3, 16, 4; id. B. C. 3, 11 fin.: se alicui, id. B. G. 2, 15 fin.; 2, 28, 2; id. B. C. 2, 44, 1; 3, 28, 4 et saep.: se in ditionem atque in arbitratum Thebano poplo, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 102; Liv. 7, 31; 26, 33: incolumitatem deditis pollicebatur, Caes. B. C. 3, 28, 2; Tac. Agr. 16 al.: se, without dat., Caes. B. C. 2, 22; Liv. 42, 8 et saep.

II. Trop.

A. In gen., to give up, yield, devote, dedicate; and with se, to give up, apply, devote, dedicate one's self (esp. freq. in Cic.): Davo ego istuc dedam jam negoti, Ter. Andr. 5, 4, 50: membra molli somno, Lucr. 3, 113: aures suas poetis, Cic. Arch. 10 fin.: animum sacris, Liv. 1, 31 al.: aliquem cupiditati crudelitatique alicujus, Cic. Quint. 18 fin.; so, filiam (Verginiam) libidini App. Claudii, id. Fin. 2, 20 fin.; ef. Tac. A. 3, 23: collegam liberto, id. ib. 16, 10: tuus sum, tibi dedo operam, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 60; cf.: ubi ei dediderit operas, id. ib. 11 al.: corpora paupertate dedita morti, Lucr. 6, 1255: se totum Catoni, Cic. Rep. 2, 1; cf.: cui (sc. patriae) nos totos dedere ... debemus, id. Leg. 2, 2, 5; cf.: se toto animo huic discendi delectationi, id. Tusc. 5, 39 fin.: se penitus musicis, id. de Or. 1, 3, 10: se literis, id. Q. Fr. 3, 5, 4: se ei studio, id. de Or. 3, 15, 57: se doctrinae, id. Off. 1, 21, 71; Quint. 10, 2, 23; 11, 1, 35: se amicitiae eorum, Caes. B. G. 3, 22, 2 al.: ne me totum aegritudini dedam, Cic. Att. 9, 4; so, se totos libidinibus, id. Tusc. 1, 30; id. Or. 43, 148; id. Tusc. 2, 21, 48 et saep.: cum se ad audiendum, legendum scribendumque dediderit, Cic. de Or. 1, 21, 95: dede neci, Verg. G. 4, 90; Ov. H. 14, 125; id. F. 4, 840: se ad literas memoriasque veteres, Gell. 2, 21, 6: cum se doctrinae penitus dedidissent, Lact. 1, 1, 1.—Absol.: dediderim periculis omnibus, Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 45.—

b. dēdĭta ŏpĕra, adverb., purposely, designedly, intentionally, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 29; Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 2; Afran. ap. Non. 433, 30; Cic. Att. 10, 3; Liv. 2, 29; 2, 51; Col. 12, 4, 5; in the order opera dedita, Cic. de Or. 3, 50, 193; and in MSS. ellipt., dedita, id. Att. 15, 4, 4; cf. dedita, ἐπιτηδές, Gloss. —

B. In Partic.: manus, for the usual dare manus, to give up, to yield: si tibi vera videntur, dede manus; aut, si falsum est, accingere contra, Lucr. 2, 1043.—Hence, dēdĭtus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to no. II. A.), given up to, addicted, devoted to something; eager, assiduous, diligent (class.; esp. freq. in Cic.).

(a). With dat.: hoc magis sum Publio deditus, quod, etc., Cic. Fam. 5, 8, 4; cf.: nimis equestri ordini deditus, id. Brut. 62, 223: eorum voluntati et gratiae deditus fuit, id. Verr. 2, 3, 24: his studiis, id. de Or. 1, 13, 57; id. Arch. 6, 12: studio literarum, id. Brut. 21, 79: literis, id. Fam. 1, 7 fin.: artibus, id. de Or. 1, 1, 2; cf. id. Cael. 30, 72; Liv. 1, 57: nec studio citharae nec Musae deditus ulli, Hor. S. 2, 3, 105 al.: animus libidini deditus, Cic. Cael. 19, 45: vitiis flagitiisque omnibus, id. Rosc. Am. 13 fin.: ventri atque somno, Sall. C. 2, 8; cf.: somno ciboque, Tac. G. 15: corporis gaudiis, Sall. J. 2, 4; cf. id. ib. 85, 41: quaestui atque sumptui, id. Cat. 13 fin.; Suet. Vit. 13: agriculturae, Vulg. 2 Par. 26, 10: vino, id. 2 Tim. 3, 8.—Comp.: uxoribus deditior, Eutr. 10, 15.—Sup.: ab optimo certe animo ac deditissimo tibi, Dolab. ap. Cic. Fam. 9, 9, 1.—

(b). In Lucret. and Catull. with in: in pugnae studio quod dedita mens est, Lucr. 3, 647: in rebus animus, id. 4, 816; Catull. 61, 102.—

(g). With an adv. of place: ubi spectaculi tempus venit deditaeque eo (sc. ad spectacula) mentes cum oculis erant, Liv. 1, 9, 10.