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dē-dūco, xi, ctum (imper.: deduc, Cic. Rep. 1, 21, 34; old form, deduce, Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 32), 3, v. a., to lead or bring away, to lead, fetch, bring or draw down (for syn. cf.: duco, comitor, prosequor, persequor, stipo, sequor, consequor—freq. and class.).

I. Lit.

A. In gen.

a. Not designating a limit: atomos de via, to turn from a straight course, Cic. Fat. 9, 18: eum concionari conantem de rostris, Caes. B. C. 3, 21, 3: pedes de lecto, Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 82: suos clam ex agris, Caes. B. G. 4, 30 fin.; so, aliquem ex ultimis gentibus, Cic. Phil. 13, 13: lunam e curru, Tib. 1, 8, 21; cf. the foll.: summā vestem deduxit ab orā, Ov. M. 3, 480: cantando rigidas deducere montibus ornos, Verg. E. 6, 71: lunam caelo id. ib. 8, 69; cf.: lunam cursu, Ov. H. 6, 85: hunc caelo, id. F. 3, 317: dominam Ditis thalamo, Verg. A. 6, 397: tota carbasa malo, i. e. to spread, unfurl, by letting down, Ov. M. 11, 477; cf. the foll.: febres corpore, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 48: inde boves, Ov. M. 6, 322: transfuga duci se ad consules jubet deductusque traditurum urbem promittit, Liv. 9, 24: Ubiis imperat, ut pecora deducant suaque omnia ex agris in oppida conferant, Caes. B. G. 6, 10, 2; cf. Liv. 21, 37: rivos, i. e. to clear out, cleanse ( = detergere, Macr. Sat. 3, 3; Col. 2, 22, 3), Verg. G. 1, 269 Heyne ad loc.; cf.: aqua Albana deducta ad utilitatem agri suburbani, conducted off, Cic. Div. 2, 32, 69, and v. the foll.: lunam, Prop. 1, 1, 19; cf. Jovem, the sun, Hor. Epod. 13, 2: crines pectine, to comb, Ov. M. 4, 311; cf.: caesariem barbae dextrā, id. ib. 15, 656: vela, id. ib. 3, 663: sive aliquis molli deducit candida gestu Brachia, moves, Prop. 2, 22 (3, 15), 5 (al. diducit); imitated by Stat. Silv. 3, 5, 66 (al. diducit) et saep.—

b. Stating the limit: cito hunc deduc ad militem, Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 32: aliquem ad aliquem, id. ib. 4, 4, 10; Cic. Lael. 1; Caes. B. G. 7, 28 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 18, 3; Sall. J. 113 fin. et saep.: juvenem ad altos currus, Ov. M. 2, 106: suas vestes humero ad pectora, Ov. M. 6, 405; cf.: manum ad imum ventrem, Quint. 11, 3, 112 et saep.: impedimenta in proximum collem, Caes. B. G. 7, 68, 2: aquam in vias, Cato R. R. 155; Ov. M. 1, 582: aliquem in conspectum (Caesaris), Caes. B. C. 1, 22, 2: aliquem in arcem, Liv. 1, 18; id. 1, 58: aliquem in carcerem, Sall. C. 55: in arenam, Suet. Calig. 35: levis deducet pondere fratres, will bring down (the scale), Grat. Cyn. 292. —

B. In partic.

I. Milit. t. t., to draw off, lead off, withdraw troops from a place; to lead, conduct, bring to a place: praesidia de locis, Sisenna ap. Non. 289, 15; so with de, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 60; Caes. B. G. 5, 51, 2; Cic. Att. 7, 14 al.: exercitum ex his regionibus, Caes. B. G. 1, 44, 19; so with ex, id. ib. 7, 87, 4 fin.; 7, 81 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 12, 3 al.: legionem ab opere, id. ib. 3, 69; so with ab, id. ib. 2, 26, 3; Liv. 34, 35 al.: deducta Orico legione, Caes. B. C. 3, 34: exercitum finibus Attali, Liv. 32, 27: deducto exercitu, Caes. B. G. 6, 43, 3; 7, 20, 11; id. B. C. 3, 39 al.; cf. Oud. ad Caes. B. G. 2, 33, 2: milites ad Ciceronem, Caes. B. G. 5, 27, 9: tres in arcem cohortes praesidio, id. B. C. 3, 19, 5: a Flacco inter ceteros, quos virtutis causa secum ex provincia ad triumphum deducebat, deductus sum, Liv. 42, 34: copias ex locis superioribus in campum deducit, Caes. B. C. 2, 40 fin.: legionibus in hiberna deductis, id. B. G. 2, 35, 3; so, in hiberna, Liv. 26, 20; 43, 9: in interiorem Galliam, Caes. B. G. 2, 2; cf. in Menapios, id. ib. 4, 22, 5: in proxima municipia, id. B. C. 1, 32: in hiberna in Sequanos, id. B. G. 1, 54, 2: in aciem, Liv. 3, 62: praesidia eo, Caes. B. C. 2, 18, 5: neque more militari vigiliae deducebantur, Sall. Jug. 44, 5; id. C. 59, 1. —

2. Pub. law t. t., to lead forth, conduct a colony to a place: coloni, qui lege Julia Capuam deducti erant, Caes. B. C. 1, 14, 4; cf. Suet. Caes. 81: colonos in aliquem locum, id. ib. 28: coloniam in aliquem locum, Cic. Rep. 2, 3; 2, 4; Liv. 10, 1; 10, 13; 34, 45 (repeatedly); Suet. Tib. 4 al.: Aquileia colonia Latina eo anno in agro Gallorum est deducta, Liv. 40, 34; cf.: in colonia Capua deducti, Suet. Caes. 81: ut emantur agri a privatis, quo plebs publice deducatur, Cic. Agr. 2, 25; cf. id. ib. 2, 26; 2, 34, 92: triumvir coloniis deducendis, Sall. J. 42; cf. Liv. 9, 46; 9, 28; Suet. Aug. 46 al.Absol.: deductis olim et nobiscum per conubium sociatis, haec patria est, Tac. H. 4, 65. —

3. Nautical t. t.

a. To draw out a ship from the docks: ex navalibus eorum unam (navem) deducit, Caes. B. C. 2, 3, 2: deducunt socii naves, Verg. A. 3, 71.—Hence far more freq. meton., like the Gr. καθέλκειν, to draw down a ship from the stocks into the sea; to launch, Liv. 21, 17; 41, 9; Caes. B. G. 7, 60: neque multum abesse (naves) ab eo, quin paucis diebus deduci possent, id. ib. 5, 2, 2: naves, id. ib. 5, 23, 2: classem, Liv. 36, 41 al.: naves litore, Verg. A. 4, 398: carinas, Ov. M. 6, 144; 8, 104 et saep.—

b. Rarely for subducere and the Gr. κατάγειν, to draw a ship into port: onerarias naves in portum deducunt, Caes. B. C. 1, 36, 2: in portum, Petr. 101, 8.—

4. Weavers' t. t., to draw out, spin out the thread, yarn: dextera tum leviter deducens fila, Catull. 64, 313: filum, Ov. M. 4, 36; id. Am. 1, 14, 7; id. H. 9, 77.—Hence, meton., to prepare a web, to weave: vetus in tela deducitur argumentum, is interwoven, represented in weaving, Ov. M. 6, 69.—

5. t. t. of common life, to lead out, conduct, escort, accompany a person out of the house, as a mark of respect or for protection: haec ipsa sunt honorabilia ... assurgi, deduci, reduci, Cic. de Sen. 18, 63: cum magna multitudo optimorum virorum et civium me de domo deduceret, id. Fam. 10, 12, 2; Suet. Aug. 29: ne deducendi sui causa populum de foro abduceret, Liv. 23, 23 fin.; cf. Tac. A. 3, 14: a quibus (sc. equitibus Rom.) si domus nostra celebratur, si interdum ad forum deducimur, etc., Cic. Mur. 34.—

b. Esp., to conduct a young man to a public teacher: dicam hunc a patre continuo ad me esse deductum, Cic. Cael. 4, 9; id. Lael. 1, 1; Tac. Dial. 34; Quint. 12, 11, 6; cf. ephebum in gymnasium, Petron. 85, 3.—

c. Aliquam alicui, ad aliquem, to lead, conduct a bride (from her father's house) to her husband (cf. denubo): bona uxor si ea deducta est usquam cuiquam gentium, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 90; cf. Catull. 68, 143: virginem juveni marito, Tib. 3, 4, 31: uni nuptam, ad quem virgo deducta sit, Liv. 10, 23: nullo exemplo deductae in domum patrui fratris filiae, Tac. A. 12, 5; so, in domum, id. ib. 14, 63; so of the bridegroom himself, to take home the bride: domum in cubiculum, Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 60: uxorem domum, id. Hec. 1, 2, 60: quo primum virgo quaeque deducta est, Caes. B. G. 5, 14 fin.—Absol.: eas velut auspicibus nobilissimis populis deductas esse, Liv. 42, 12, 4; cf. Prop. 4 (5), 3, 13.—

(b). In a dishonorable sense, to bring one a concubine, Plaut. Casin. 2, 8, 36; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 34; Suet. Calig. 25; id. Caes. 50; id. Ner. 28; cf. also the foll., no. 7.—

d. To lead about in a public procession, Suet. Tib. 17 fin.: invidens privata deduci superbo non humilis mulier triumpho, Hor. Od. 1, 37, 31: tensas, Suet. Aug. 43; id. Vesp. 5.—

e. Hence, to drive out, expel = expellere: Arsinoen ex regno, Auct. B. Alex. 33: ex possessione, Liv. 34, 58, 6. —

6. Jurid. t. t.

a. Aliquem de fundo, to lead away a person from a disputed possession in the presence of witnesses (with or without force: the latter moribus, the former vi solida), in order to procure him the right of action (this was a symbolic procedure preparatory to an action): appellat Fabius, ut aut ipse Tullium deduceret aut ab eo deduceretur. Dicit deducturum se Tullius, etc., Cic. pro Tull. Fragm. 20; id. Agr. 2, 26, 68; placuit Caecinae constituere, quo die in rem praesentem veniretur, et de fundo Caecina moribus deduceretur, etc., id. Caecin. 7, 20.—

b. To bring before a tribunal as a witness: multi boni ad hoc judicium deducti non sunt, Cic. Flac. 4, 9.—

c. To bring to trial: lis ad forum deducta est, Phaedr. 3, 13, 3. —

7. With the accessory idea of diminution, to withdraw, deduct, subtract, diminish: cibum, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 23. And as a mercantile t. t.: addendo deducendoque videre, quae reliqui summa fiat, Cic. Off. 1, 18, 59: ut centum nummi deducerentur, id. Leg. 2, 21, 53; cf. Cato R. R. 144 sq.: de capite deducite, quod usuris pernumeratum est, Liv. 6, 15; cf. Suet. Caes. 42 et saep.—Hence in a double sense: Tertia deducta est (in allusion to the meaning, no. 5, c. β), Suet. Caes. 50; cf. the same account in Macr. S. 2, 2.

II. Trop.

A. In gen., to bring down, bring or lead away, withdraw, bring, lead: quare, si placet, deduc orationem tuam de coelo ad haec citeriora, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 85, 20, and 289, 9: licet enim contrahere universitatem generis humani, eamque gradatim ad pauciores, postremo deducere in singulos, id. N. D. 2, 65 fin.: aliquem de animi lenitate, id. Cat. 2, 13; cf.: aliquem de animi pravitate, Q. Cic. Pet. Cons. 10 fin.: aliquem de sententia, Cic. Brut. 25 fin.: aliquem de fide, id. Verr. 1, 9, 25 et saep.: perterritos a timore, id. N. D. 2, 59, 148: aliquem a tristitia, ab acerbitate, id. de Or. 2, 83 fin.: aliquem ab humanitate, a pietate, a religione, id. Verr. 2, 4, 6 (for which, shortly before, abducere): aliquem a vera accusatione, id. ib. 2, 1, 6 fin.; id. Fam. 1, 1, 2 et saep.: voluntates impellere quo velit, unde autem velit deducere, Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 30: mos unde deductus, derived, Hor. Od. 4, 4, 19; cf.: nomen ab Anco, Ov. F. 6, 803: quae tandem ea est disciplina, ad quam me deducas, Cic. Acad. 2, 36: aliquem ad fletum misericordiamque, id. de Or. 2, 45, 189: aliquem ad eam sententiam, Caes. B. G. 2, 10, 5; 6, 10, 2: rem ad arma, id. B. C. 1, 4 fin.; cf.: rem ad otium, id. ib. 1, 5 fin.: plura argumenta ad unum effectum, Quint. 9, 2, 103 et saep.: quam in fortunam quamque in amplitudinem deduxisset (Aeduos), Caes. B. G. 7, 54, 3; so, aliquem in eum casum, id. ib. 2, 31, 6: aliquem in periculum, id. ib. 7, 50, 4: Quint. 4, 2, 12; cf.: rem in summum periculum, Caes. B. G. 5, 31; id. B. C. 1, 19, 3: rem in controversiam, id. B. G. 7, 63, 5: aliquem in causam, Liv. 36, 5: in societatem belli, id. 36, 7 et saep.: huc jam deduxerat rem, ut, etc., Caes. B. C. 1, 62; so, rem huc, ut, etc., id. ib. 1, 86, 3: deduxisti totam hanc rem in duo genera solum causarum, caetera innumerabilia exercitationi reliquisti, have brought, reduced, Cic. de Or. 2, 17, 71; id. Cat. 2, 2, 4; cf.: rem in eum locum, ut, etc., id. Fam. 16, 12: quem in locum, id. ib. 4, 2, 3: ergo huc universa causa deducitur, utrum, etc., id. Rosc. Com. 12, 34: rerum divisio in duos articulos deducitur, Gai. Inst. 2, 2: audi, quo rem deducam, what I aim at, what I have in view, to what conclusion I will bring the matter, Hor. S. 1, 1, 15: Aeolium carmen ad Italos modos, transfer, transplant, id. Od. 3, 30, 14; cf.: in patriam deducere musas, Verg. G. 3, 10. —

B. In partic.

1. To mislead, seduce, entice, induce, bring one to an opinion (rare): adolescentibus et oratione magistratus et praemio deductis, Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 6; id. B. C. 1, 7, 1: sibi esse facile, Seuthen regem Thracum deducere, ut, etc., Nep. Alcib. 8: aliquem vero, from the truth, Lucr. 1, 370.—

2. To spin out a literary composition, like a thread, i. e. to elaborate, prepare, compose (poet., and in post-Aug. prose): tenui deducta poëmata filo, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 225: mille die versus, id. Sat. 2, 1, 4; Ov. Pont. 1, 5, 13: carmina, id. Tr. 1, 1, 39; cf. id. ib. 5, 1, 71: nihil expositum, Juv. 7, 54: commentarios, Quint. 3, 6, 59: oratio deducta atque circumlata, finely spun out, id. 4, 1, 60 al.: primaque ab origine mundi ad mea perpetuum deducite tempora carmen, Ov. M. 1, 3; cf. id. Tr. 2, 560; Hor. A. P. 129: opus, Manil. 1, 3. —

3. (Another figure borrowed from spinning.) To make finer, thinner, weaker; to attenuate: vocem deducas oportet, ut mulieris videantur verba, Pompon. ap. Macr. Sat. 6, 4: "Ὀδυσσεύς" ad "Ulixem" deductus est, Quint. 1, 4, 16; cf. P. a. B.—

4. To derive (of the origin of words): nomen Christianorum a Christo deducitur, Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 14; id. de Virg. vel. 5: diximus nomen religionis a vinculo pietatis esse deductum, Lact. 4, 28, 12; cf.: sed et Pharnacion (cognominatur) a Pharnace rege deductum, Plin. 25, 4, 14, 33.—

5. To remove, cure, of physical evils: brassica de capite omnia deducet et sanum faciet, Cato R. R. 157, 6: corpore febres, animo curas, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 48; Cic. Fin. 5, 17, 47.—

6. To bring down (late Lat.): deducis ad inferos, i. e. to death, Vulg. Tobiae, 13, 2; id. Gen. 42, 38; id. 1 Reg. 2, 6.—

7. Law t. t., to withhold: cum in mancipanda proprietate (usus fructus) deducatur, Gai. Inst. 2, 33.—Hence,