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exceptĭo, ōnis, f. [id.], an exception, restriction, limitation [good prose and very freq., esp. in Cic.).

I. In gen.: consiliorum, voluntatum sine ulla exceptione communitas, Cic. Lael. 17; so, sine (ulla) or cum exceptione, id. Fam. 6, 5, 1; id. Caecin. 8 fin.; id. Verr. 2, 5, 31; id. Att. 8, 4, 2; id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 13; id. Inv. 2, 57, 172; Quint. 7, 1, 50; Plin. Ep. 1, 2, 5 et saep.; cf. in plur.: unus imperitat nullis jam exceptionibus, Tac. G. 44: quod si exceptio facit, ne liceat, ibi necesse est licere, ubi non est exceptum, etc., Cic. Balb. 14: sunt in tota lege exceptiones duae, id. Agr. 1, 4 et saep.—

II. Esp., in jurid. Lat., the exception of the defendant to the plaintiff's statements, inserted in the praetor's edict, Gai. Inst. 4, 116 sq.; Just. Inst. 4, 13; Dig. 44, 1; Cod. Just. 8, 36; Cic. Inv. 2, 19; id. de Or. 1, 37; cf. Rein's Röm. Privatr. p. 448 sq.