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ex-sto (ext-), āre, v. n. (part. fut. exstaturus, Plin. 17, 22, 35, 7; Pand. 47, 2, 78 al.), to stand out or forth, to project, to stand above.

I. Prop.: (milites) cum capite solo ex aqua exstarent, Caes. B. G. 5, 18, 5; for which: super aequora celso collo, Ov. M. 11, 358: aquis (navis), id. Tr. 5, 11, 14; cf. absol., Caes. B. C. 1, 62, 2: ferrum de pectore, Ov. M. 9 128: de arbore (surculus), Col. 5, 11, 5: ossa sub incurvis lumbis, Ov. M. 8, 807: aedificia modice ab humo exstantia, Plin. 6, 22, 24, 89: paulum supra terram, Gell. 19, 13, 3.—Poet. with acc.: aliquem, to overtop, Stat. S. 1, 2, 116.—

B. Trop. (syn.: emineo, eniteo), to be prominent, stand forth, be conspicuous: quo magis id, quod erit illuminatum. exstare atque eminere videatur, Cic. de Or. 3, 26, 101: haec enitere et exstare aliquatenus, Quint. 8, 5, 29: arma tubaeque sonent, vox et tua noctibus exstet, predominate, be heard above, Val. Fl. 5, 252.—

II. Meton. (causa pro effectu), to be visible, show itself, appear; to be extant, to exist, to be (most freq., esp. of inanim. and abstr. subjects): hominum nemo exstat, qui, etc., Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 142: auctor doctrinae ejus non exstat, Liv. 1, 18, 2. pecunia, cujus auctor non exstat, Quint. 7, 2, 57: Sarmenti domina exstat, still lives, Hor. S. 1, 5, 55: exstant hujus fortitudinis impressa vestigia, Cic. Balb. 5, 13: exstant epistolae Philippi ad Alexandrum, id. Off. 2, 14, 48: litterae, id. Inv. 1, 39, 70: leges, id. Rep. 5, 2 fin.: orationes, Quint. 10, 7, 30: clarorum virorum non minus otii quam negotii rationem exstare oportere, Cato ap. Cic. Planc. 27, 66: sine oculis non potest exstare officium et munus oculorum, Cic. Div. 1, 32, 71; 2, 52, 107: video hoc in numero neminem, cujus non exstet in me suum meritum, id. Planc. 1, 2: studium nostrum, id. Fam. 1, 8, 7.—

(b). Impers., with a subject or rel.-clause (very rare): quem vero exstet et de quo sit memoriae proditum eloquentem fuisse, etc., Cic. Brut. 15, 57: apparet atque exstat, utrum simus earum (artium) rudes an didicerimus, id. de Or. 1, 16, 72—Hence, ex-stans, ntis, P. a., projecting, prominent; comp. partes exstantiores, Cael. Aur. Tard. 5, 1, 3.