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fastīdĭo, īvi, or ĭi, ītum, 4, v. n. and a. [fastidium], to feel disgust, loathing, or nausea, to shrink or flinch from any thing unpleasant to the taste, smell, hearing, etc.; to loathe, dislike, despise (not freq. till after the Aug. per.; cf.: taedet, reprobo, reicio, respuo, repudio).

I. Lit.

A. Neutr.: bi bendum hercle hoc est, ne nega: quid hic fastidis? Plaut. Stich. 5, 4, 33; cf.: fastidientis stomachi est multa degustare, Sen. Ep. 2: majus infundam tibi Fastidienti poculum, Hor. Epod. 5, 78: ut fastidis! Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 58.—

B. Act. (perh. not till the Aug. per.): num esuriens fastidis omnia praeter Pavonem rhombumque? Hor. S. 1, 2, 115: olus, id. Ep. 1, 17, 15: pulmentarium, Phaedr. 3, 7, 23: cactos in cibis, Plin. 21, 16, 57, 97: fluvialem lupum, Col. 8, 16, 4: vinum, Poët. ap. Suet. Tib. 59: euphorbiae sucus fastidiendum odorem habet, disgusting, Plin. 25, 7, 38, 79: aures ... redundantia ac nimia fastidiunt, Quint. 9, 4, 116.—

II. Trop., of mental aversion, to be disdainful, scornful, haughty; to disdain, despise, scorn.

A. Neutr.: ut fastidit gloriosus! Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 34: vide ut fastidit simia! id. Most. 4, 2, 4: in recte factis saepe fastidiunt, Cic. Mil. 16, 42.—

(b). With gen. (like taedet): fastidit mei, Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 67; so, mei, Titin. ap. Non. 496, 15: bonorum, Lucil. ib. 18.—

B. Act. (perh. not before the Aug. per.).

(a). With acc.: (populus) nisi quae terris semota suisque Temporibus defuncta videt, fastidit et odit, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 22: vilice silvarum et agelli, Quem tu fastidis, id. Ep. 1, 14, 2: lacus et rivos apertos, id. ib. 1, 3, 11: vitium amici, id. S. 1, 3, 44: preces alicujus, Liv. 34, 5, 13: hoc lucrum, Quint. 1, 1, 18: grammatices elementa tamquam parva, id. 1, 4, 6: minores, Mart. 3, 31, 5: omnes duces post Alexandrum, Just. 14, 2: dominationibus aliis fastiditus (i. e. a prioribus principibus despectus), Tac. A. 13, 1: ut quae dicendo refutare non possumus, quasi fastidiendo calcemus, Quint. 5, 13, 22: oluscula, Juv. 11, 80.— Of inanim. or abstr. subjects: te cum fastidierit popina dives, etc., Mart. 5, 44, 10: somnus agrestium Lenis virorum non humiles domos Fastidit umbrosamve ripam, Hor. C. 3, 1, 23.—In the part. perf.: laudatus abunde, Non fastiditus si tibi, lector, ero, Ov. Tr. 1, 7, 31; cf.: aliquem non fastiditis annumerare viris, id. ib. 2, 120: vetulus bos, ab ingrato jam fastiditus aratro, Juv. 10, 270.—In the neutr. absol.: res ardua vetustis novitatem dare ... fastiditis gratiam, etc., Plin. H. N. praef. 15.—In the part. fut. pass. with supine: quia (verba) dictu fastidienda sunt, Val. Max. 9, 13, 2.—

(b). With an object-clause: a me fastidit amari, Ov. R. Am. 305: jocorum legere fastidis genus, Phaedr. 4, 7, 2; Petr. 127: fastidit praestare hanc inferioribus curam, Quint. 2, 3, 4: fastidit balsamum alibi nasci, Plin. 16, 32, 59, 135: an creditis, aequo animo iis servire, quorum reges esse fastidiant? Curt. 4, 14, 16 et saep.: ne fastidieris nos in sacerdotum numerum accipere, Liv. 10, 8, 7: plebs coepit fastidire, munus vulgatum a civibus isse in socios, id. 2, 41, 4; Quint. 5, 11, 39.—Hence,

1. Adv.: fastīdĭenter, disdainfully, scornfully: parentibus fastidienter appellatis, App. M. 5, p. 166, 11.—

2. Part.: fastīdītus, a, um, in act. signif., disdaining, despising (post-Aug.): ne me putes studia fastiditum, Petr. 48.