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fastīdĭum, ĭi, n. [cf. 2. fastus], a loathing, aversion for any thing, esp. for any sort of enjoyment (very freq. and class.; cf. taedium, nausea, etc.).

I. Lit., nausea, squeamishness, loathing, distaste for food: cibi satietas et fastidium, Cic. Inv. 1, 17, 25: mel fastidium creat, Plin. 22, 24, 50, 109: fastidium abigere, id. 23, 9, 81, 161: auferre, id. 19, 8, 38, 127: discutere, id. 23, 1, 27, 54: detrahere, id. 22, 25, 74, 155.—In plur.: magna movet stomacho fastidia, etc., Hor. S. 2, 4, 78; 2, 2, 14; 2, 6, 86; Juv. 14, 184; Plin. 26, 7, 25, 41 al.

2. Esp. of a spoiled, pampered taste, niceness, daintiness, delicacy, Varr. R. R. 3, 9, 18: tantum in illis esse fastidium; ut nollent attingere nisi eodem die captum piscem, Sen. Q. N. 3, 18; cf. Vulg. Ezech. 16, 31.—

B. Transf. to sight: oculorum in hominum insolentium indignitate fastidium, Cic. Fam. 2, 16, 2.—

II. Trop., dislike, aversion, disgust, fastidiousness.

A. In gen.: ab aliqua re celerrime fastidio quodam et satietate abalienari, Cic. de Or. 3, 25, 98; cf.: si (eloquentia) et ex copia satietatem et ex amplitudine fastidium tulerit, Quint. 5, 14, 30: nescis quantum interdum afferat hominibus fastidii, quantum satietatis, Cic. Mur. 9, 21: satiari fastidio similitudinis, id. de Or. 3, 50, 193: nulla voluptas est, quae non assiduitate fastidium pariat, Plin. 12, 17, 40, 81: vitato assiduitatis fastidio, Suet. Tib. 10: rudem esse omnino in nostris poëtis, aut inertissimae segnitiae est, aut fastidii delicatissimi, Cic. Fin. 1, 2, 5: quae habent ad res certas vitiosam offensionem atque fastidium, id. Tusc. 4, 10, 23: audiendi, id. Opt. Gen. 4, 12: insolens domesticarum rerum, id. Fin. 1, 3, 10: omnis stultitia laborat fastidio sui, Sen. Ep. 9 fin.: nec id fit fastidio meo, Cic. Phil. 12, 8, 20: ne sit fastidio Graecos sequi, Plin. 7, 1, 1, 8: ipsum lignum in fastidio est, is despised, id. 12, 19, 42, 91; cf.: aliquid fastidio damnare, id. 11, 2, 1, 4: non omnia (i. e. arbores) in omnibus locis nasci docuimus, nec translata vivere: hoc alias fastidio evenit, fastidious or delicate nature, id. 16, 32, 58, 134.—In plur.: non tam ea, quae recta essent, probari, quam quae prava sunt, fastidiis adhaerescere, Cic. de Or. 1, 61, 258; cf.: spectatoris fastidia ferre superbi, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 215: opem ferre poëtis antiquis contra fastidia nostra, id. S. 1, 10, 7: matri longa decem tulerunt fastidia menses, Verg. E. 4, 61.—

B. In partic. (with the notion of fastus predominating), scornful contempt, haughtiness, pride (syn.: elatio, vanitas, arrogantia, superbia, fastus): ex eorum (divitiorum) fastidio et superbia (regna) nata esse commemorant, Cic. Rep. 1, 32 Mos. N. cr.; cf.: superbiam magno opere, fastidium arrogantiamque fugiamus, id. Off. 1, 26, 90; id. Agr. 1, 7, 20; cf.: superbia et fastidio amplissimos honores repudiare, Plin. Pan. 55, 4: si essent arrogantes, non possem ferre fastidium, id. Phil. 10, 9, 18: efferri fastidio et contumaciā, Cic. Lael. 15, 54.—In plur.: superba pati fastidia? Verg. E. 2, 15: oderunt fastidia divi, Tib. 1, 8, 69: qui tulerit Meroes fastidia longa superbae, Calp. E. 11, 50: veteris fastidia quercus, Juv. 14, 184.