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φέρω (Locr. φάρω [ᾰ], IG9(1).334.5 (Oeanthea, v. B.C.)), only pres. and impf. (late 1 aor. 3pl. ἤφεραν IG3.1379), Il.21.458, etc.: Ep. forms, 2pl. imper. φέρτε Il.9.171; 2sg. subj. φέρῃσθα Call.Dian. 144; 3sg. subj. φέρῃσι Il.18.308, Od.5.164, al.; Ep. inf. φερέμεν Il.9.411, al.: impf. ἔφερον, Ep. φέρον 3.245; also φέρεσκε, φέρεσκον (3pl.), Od.9.429, 10.108.

II. fut. οἴσω Il.7.82, etc.; Dor. οἰσῶ Theoc.3.11; 1pl. οἰσεῦμες Id.15.133; 3pl. ηοίσοντι Tab.Heracl.1.150: the foll. act. forms are not fut. in sense, imper. οἶσε Od.22.106, 481, Ar.Ach.1099, 1101, 1122, Ra.482; οἰσέτω Il.19.173, Od.8.255; 3pl. οἰσόντων Antim.15; inf. οἴσειν Pi.P.4.102, Ep. οἰσέμεν Od.3.429, οἰσέμεναι Il.3.120, Od.8.399, etc.: aor. 1 inf. οἶσαι Ph.1.611 codd. (ἀν-οῖσαι is prob. in Hdt.1.157):—
Med., fut. οἴσομαι Il.22.217, S.El.969, etc. (in pass. sense, E.Or.440, X.Oec.18.6; so Dor. οἰσεῖται Archim.Fluit.1.7, al.): fut. Pass. οἰσθήσομαι D.44.45, Arist. Ph.205a13, Archim.Fluit.1.3, al., (ἐξ-) E.Supp.561:—
Pass., pf. προοῖσται Luc.Par.2; cf. οἰστέον, οἰστός (ἀν-οιστός).

III. from ἐνεγκ- (not found in Hom. or Hdt., exc. as v.l. in Il.19.194, but in Pi.O.13.66, I.8(7).21, (προσ-) Id.P.9.36, also B.16.62, and normal in Att. and Trag., also in codd.Hp., Epid.1.1.2, al.) come aor. 1 ἤνεγκα, and aor. 2 ἤνεγκον:—
Indic., 1sg. ἤνεγκον S.OC521 (lyr.), 964, Ar.Ra.1299, Th.742, Lys.944, (δι-) Isoc.18.59, but ἤνεγκα S.El. 13, E.Ion38, Aeschin.2.4, and in compos. with Preps.; 2sg. always ἤνεγκας Ar.Av.540 (lyr.), (ἐξ-) S.Tr.741 (in Ar.Th.742, δέκα μῆνας αὔτ' ἐγὼ ἤνεγκον is answd. by ἤνεγκας σύ;); 3sg. ἤνεγκε, common to both forms; dual δι-ηνεγκάτην Pl.Lg.723b; pl. always ἠνέγκαμεν, -ατε, -αν (3pl. ἀπ-ήνενκαν IG22.1620.37, al., once ἀπ-ήνεγκον ib. 1414.2; δι-ηνέγκομεν is f.l. in X.Oec.9.8): imper., 2sg. ἔνεγκε E. Heracl.699, Ar.Eq.110, X.Mem.3.6.9 (ἔνεγκον cj. Pors. in Anaxipp. 8); 3sg. ἐνεγκάτω Ar.Pax1149 (troch.), Th.238, Pl.Phd.116d, (προσ-) X.Smp.5.2; but ἐξ-ενεγκέτω IG12.63.33, 76.61; Dor. 3pl. ἐνεγκόντω ib.5 (1).26.16 (Amyclae, ii/i B. C.); 2pl. ἐξ-ενέγκατε Ar.Ra.847: subj. ἐνέγκω common to both forms: opt., 1sg. ἐνέγκαιμι E.Hipp.393, Pl.Cri.43c: 3sg. ἐνέγκαι (cod.A, but -κοι cod.Laur.) S.Tr.774, but ἐνέγκοι Id.Fr.84 (anap.), Pl.R.330a, (ξυν-) Th.6.20, etc.; 2pl. ἐνέγκαιτε (ἐνέγκατε codd.) E.Heracl.751 (lyr.): inf. ἐνεγκεῖν A.Supp.766, S.OC1599, IG22.40.18, etc., (προσ-) Pi.P.9.36, Hp.VM15; Hellenistic ἐνέγκαι Arist.Oec.1349a27 (εἰσ-), PAmh.2.30.35 (ii B. C.), Ev.Marc. 2.4 (προσ-), etc., found also in codd.Hp., Aff.3 (προσ-), Nat.Mul.19 (δι-): part. ἐνεγκών Pi.I.8(7).21, S.El.692, Th.6.56, etc., ἐνέγκας IG22.1361.21 (εἰσ-), 333.4, D.49.51 (and later, Demetr.Com.Nov.1.10 (εἰσ-), Arist.Oec.1351a14, etc.; in X. we find ἐξ-ενεγκόντες Mem.1.2.53, and δι-ενεγκοῦσα, συν-ενεγκόντες, vv. ll. in ib.2.2.5, An.6.5.6):—
Med., only ἠνεγκάμην, Ar.Ec.76 (ἐξ-), etc. (exc. imper. ἐνεγκοῦ S.OC470); 2sg. ἠνέγκω E.Supp.583, X.Oec.7.13; 3sg. ἠνέγκατο S.Tr.462, Pl.R.406b, etc.; 1pl. ἠνεγκάμεθα Id.Ion530b, (προ-) Phlb. 57a; inf. εἰσ-ενέγκασθαι Isoc.15.188: part. ἐνεγκάμενος Aeschin.1.131, (ἀπ-) X.Ages.6.2.

IV. from ἐνεικ- comes aor. 1 ἤνεικα, found mostly in Ion. (but not in codd. Hp.), Ep. and Lyr., also at Cos (v. infr.) and implied elsewh. in pass. forms (v. infr. v):—
the endings are those of aor. 1, exc. in imper. ἔνεικε Od.21.178, inf. ἐνεικέμεν (v.l. ἐνεγκέμεν) Il.19.194, ἐνείκην (v. infr.), and part. μετ-ενεικών, ἐξενικοῦσι (v. infr.), cf. συνενείκομαι:—
1sg. ἀν-ένεικα Od.11.625; 2sg. ἀπ-ένεικας Il.14.255; 3sg. ἤνεικε Od.18.300, al., Hdt.2.146, Ep. ἔνεικε Il.15.705, al.; 1pl. ἐνείκαμεν Od.24.43; 3pl. ἤνεικαν Hdt.3.30, Ep. ἔνεικαν Il.9.306; imper. 2sg. ἔνεικον Anacr.62.3; 2pl., ἐνείκατε Od. 8.393; 3pl. ἐνεικάντων Schwyzer 688 B 3 (Chios, v B. C.); inf. ἐνεῖκαι Il.18.334, Pi.P.9.53, Hdt.1.32; ἐνεικέμεν (v. supr.); Aeol. ἐνείκην Alc.Oxy.1788 Fr.15ii 20; part. ἐνείκας Il.17.39, (ἀν-) Hdt.2.23; μετ-ενεικών Abh.Berl.Akad.1928(6).22 (Cos, iii B. C.):—
Med., 3sg. ἀν-ενείκατο Il.19.314; 3pl. ἠνείκαντο 9.127, Hdt.1.57, (ἐσ-) 7.152; part. ἐνεικάμενος Alc.35.4.

2. aor. 1 ἤνῐκα is found in the foll. dialect forms: 3sg. ἤνικε IG42(1).121.110 (Epid., iv B. C.); ἤνικεν SIG239 Bi11 (Delph., iv B. C.); ἀν-ήνικε IG4.757A12, al. (Troezen, ii B. C.); ἀπ-ήνικε ib.42(1).103.16, al. (Epid., iv B. C.); but ἤνῑκε is prob. written for ἤνεικε in IG4.801.3 (Troezen, vi B. C.); 1pl. ἀν-ηνίκαμες [ῐ] GDI 3591b21 (Calymna); 3pl. ἤνικαν SIG239 Bi 17 (Delph., iv B. C.), IG 12(2).15.15 (Mytil., iii B. C.); 3sg. subj. ἐνίκει Berl.Sitzb.1927.161 (Cyrene); ἐσ-ενίκη, and inf. ἐσ-ένικαι, IG12(2).645b43,39 (Nesus, iv B. C.); part. (dat. pl.) ἐξ-ενικοῦσι IG4.823.49 (Troezen, iv B. C.); so in later Gr., εἰσ-ήνικα Supp.Epigr.7.381,382 (Dura-Europos, iii A. D.); ἤνιγκα ib.383 (ibid., iii A. D.):—
Med., part. ἐξ-ε[νικ]άμενος IG12 (2).526a5 (Eresus, iv B. C.).

b. Boeot. aor. 1 in 3pl. εἴνιξαν IG7.2418.24 (Thebes, iv B. C.); 1sg. ἤνειγξα Hdn.Gr.2.374.

V. other tenses: pf. ἐνήνοχα D.21.108, 22.62, (ἐξ-) Luc.Pr.Im.15,17, (μετ-) Pl.Criti.113a, (συν-) v. l. in X.Mem.3.5.22:—
Pass., fut. ἐνεχθήσομαι Arist.Ph.205b12, Archim.Fluit.2.2, al., (ἐπ-) Th.7.56, (κατ-) Isoc.13.19: aor. ἠνέχθην X.An.4.7.12 and freq. in compds.; Ion. ἀπ-ηνείχθην Hdt.1.66, etc.; (περι-) ib.84; 3pl. written ἠνείχτθησαν in Schwyzer 707B9 (Ephesus, vi B. C.); Dor. part. ἐξ-ενειχθείς IG42(1).121.115 (Epid., iv B. C.); Hellenistic ἐνεγχθείς PCair.Zen.327.42 (iii B. C.), (συμπερι-) IPE12.32A31,78, B70 (Olbia, iii B. C.); in dialects, 3sg. indic. ἀπ-ηνίχθη IG42(1).103.111 (Epid., iv B. C.); 3sg. subj. ἐξενιχθῇ ib.12(5).593 A23 (Ceos, v B. C.), Abh.Berl.Akad.1928(6).21 (Cos, iii B. C.); Boeot. ἐν-ενιχθεῖ IG7.3172.150 (Thespiae, iii B. C.); part. (neut.) ἐπ-ενιχθέν Abh.Berl.Akad.1928(6).53 (Telos, iv B. C., ined.); Att. pf. ἐνήνεγμαι, ἐνήνεκται Pl.R.584d, εἰσ-ενήνεκται E.Ion 1340; ἀν-ενήνεγκται IG12.91.4; ἐπαν-ενήνειγκται ib.22.1607a7; Ion. ἐξ-ενηνειγμένος Hdt.8.37; Att. plpf. προσ-ενήνεκτο X.HG4.3.20; part. κατ-, μετ-ενηνεγμένος Plb.10.30.2, Str.13.1.12. (With φέρω cf. Lat.fero, OE. beran, Skt. bhárati 'bear'; οἴσω is of uncertain origin; ἐνεγκ- is prob. redupl. ἐγκ- (ἐνεκ- in Pass. forms and in δουρηνεκής, etc.), cogn. with Skt. náati 'attain,' Lat. nanciscor, Lith. nèti 'carry, bear'; ἐνεικ- (ἐνῐκ-) is of uncertain origin; the glosses ἐνέεικαν: ἤνεγκαν, and ἐνεείκω: ἐνέγκω (Hsch.) are not corroborated.)

A. Act.,

I. bear or carry a load, ἐν ταλάροισι φέρον μελιηδέα καρπόν Il.18.568; μέγα ἔργον, ὃ οὐ δύο γ' ἄνδρε φέροιεν 5.303; ἦγον μὲν μῆλα, φέρον δ' εὐήνορα οἶνον Od.4.622; χοάς A.Ch.15; φ. ἐπ' ὤμοις S.Tr.564; χερσὶν φ. Id.Ant.429; φ. ὅπλα βραχίονι E.Hec.14; bear (as a device) on one's shield, A.Th.559, etc.; γαστέρι κοῦρον φ., of a pregnant woman, Il.6.59; φ. ὑπὸ ζώνην or ζώνης ὕπο, A.Ch. 1000(992), E.Hec.762: in Trag. stronger than ἔχω, ἁγνὰς αἵματος χεῖρας φ. to have hands clean from blood, E.Hipp.316 (v.l. φορεῖς); ἀλαὸν ὄμμα φέρων Id.Ph.1531 (lyr.); γλῶσσαν εὔφημον φ. A.Ch.581, cf. Supp.994; καλὸν φ. στόμα S.Fr.930 codd. (nisi leg. φορῇ); ἄψοφον βάσιν φ. Id.Tr.967 (lyr.).

II. bear, convey, with collat. notion of motion, freq. in Hom., πῇ δὴ ..τόξα φέρεις; Od.21.362; πρόσω φ. ib. 369; εἴσω φέρω σ' ἐντεῦθεν Ar.V.1444, cf. Pl.Lg.914b; πόδες φέρον Il.6.514; πέδιλα τά μιν φέρον 24.341, etc.; of horses, 2.838; ἵππω ..ἅρμα οἴσετον 5.232, etc.; of ships, Od.16.323, cf. Il.9.306; τὰ σώματα τῶν ζῴων συνέστηκεν ἐκ τοῦ φέροντος καὶ τοῦ φερομένου Diocl. Fr.17.

b. of persons, bring to bear, μένος or μένος χειρῶν ἰθύς τινος φέρειν hurl one's strength right upon or against him, Il.16.602, 5.506; φ. τὴν ὀργήν, τὴν αἰτίαν ἐπί τινα, Plb.21.31.8, 33.11.2.

c. lead, direct, τὴν πόλιν Plu.Luc.6.

2. of wind, bear along, [πνοιὴ Ζεφύρου] φ. νῆάς τε καὶ αὐτούς Od.10.26; [σχεδίην] ἄνεμοι φέρον ἔνθα καὶ ἔνθα 5.330, cf. 4.516, Il.19.378, etc.; ἐπέλασσε φέρων ἄνεμος Od.3.300, 7.277, cf. 5.111, etc.: abs., ὁ βορέας ἔξω τοῦ Πόντου εἰς τὴν Ἑλλάδα φέρει is fair for Greece, X.An.5.77: metaph., ὅπῃ ἂν ὁ λόγος ὥσπερ πνεῦμα φ. Pl.R.394d; φ. τινὰ φρένες δύσαρκτοι A.Ch.1023, cf. Th.687 (lyr.):—
Pass., v. infr. B.

III. endure, suffer, λυγρά Od.18.135; ἄτην Hdt.1.32; χαλινόν, ζυγόν, A.Ag.1066, 1226; πημονάς, τύχας, Id.Pers.293, E.Or.1024; ξυμφοράς Th.2.60; τὰς οὐ προσηκούσας ἁμαρτίας Antipho 3.2.10; also of food, ἐσθίουσι πλείω ἢ δύνανται φ. X.Cyr.8.2.21; of strong wine, bear, admit, καὶ τὰ τρία φέρων καλῶς, i.e. three parts of water, instead of ἴσον ἴσῳ, Ar.Eq.1188, cf. Ach. 354; so τὰς ἐπιδείξεις ..φέρουσιν αὐτοῦ (sc. Ἰσοκράτους) οἱ λόγοι, τοὺς δὲ ἐν ἐκκλησίαις ..ἀγῶνας οὐχ ὑπομένουσι D.H.Isoc.2: metaph., ᾗ φέρειν πέφυκε Pl.Ti.48a.

2. freq. with modal words, πήματα κόσμῳ φ. Pi.P.3.82; σιγῇ κακά E.Hec.738; ὀργῇ τὸν πόλεμον Th.1.31; θυμῷ φ. Id.5.80; χαρᾷ φ. τι J.AJ19.1.13: esp. with an Adv., [ὕβριν] ῥηϊδίως φ. Hes.Op.215; δεινῶς, βαρέως, πικρῶς, χαλεπῶς φέρειν τι, bear a thing impatiently, take it ill or amiss, Hdt.2.121.γ́, 5.19, E.Ion610, Pl.R.330a, etc.; δυσπετῶς, βαρυστόνως φ., A.Pr. 752, Eu.794; προθύμως φέρειν τὸν πόλεμον to be zealous about the war, Hdt.9.18,40; προθύμως τὰ τοῦ πολέμου ἔφερον Th.8.36; αἶσαν φέρειν ὡς ῥᾷστα A.Pr.104; συμφορὴν ὡς κουφότατα φ. Hdt.1.35; ῥᾳδίως φ. Pl.Grg.522d, al.; εὐπετῶς φ. S.Fr.585, X.Mem.2.1.6; εὐπόρως (εὐφόρως Brunck) ἐνεγκεῖν S.Ph.873; εὐμενῶς, εὐχερῶς φ., D.Ep. 3.45, Pl.R.474e; these phrases are used mostly c. acc. rei; also c. part., βαρέως ἤνεικε ἰδών Hdt.3.155, cf. Ar.Th.385, etc.; φ. ἐλαφρῶς ..λαβόντα ζυγόν Pi.P.2.93; ῥᾳδίως φέρεις ἡμᾶς ἀπολείπων Pl. Phd.63a: c. gen., τοῦ ἐνδεοῦς χαλεπώτερον φ. Th.1.77, cf. 2.62; ἐπί τινι, χαλεπῶς φ. ἐπὶ τῇ πολιορκίᾳ X.HG7.4.21, cf. Isoc.12.232; πράως ἐπὶ τοῖς γιγνομένοις φ. D.58.55: c. dat. only, βαρέως φέρειν τοῖς παροῦσι, τῇ ἀτιμίᾳ, X.An.1.3.3, HG3.4.9, cf. 5.1.29; later, χαλεπῶς φ. διά τι, πρός τι, D.S.17.111, Jul.Or.1.17c codd.

IV. bring, fetch, εἰ ..θεὸς αὐτὸν ἐνείκαι Od.21.196; φ. ἄποινα Il.24.502; ἄρνε 3,120, cf. Sapph.95; ὕδωρ, οἶνον, Anacr.62.1; ἔντεα Il.18.191; τόξα Od.21.359; κνημῖδας A.Th.675; δᾷδα Ar.Nu.1490, etc.; γῆν τε καὶ ὕδωρ Hdt.7.131:—
Med., carry or bring with one, or for one's own use, ποδάνιπτρα Od.19.504; οἶνον Alc.35, cf. Hdt.4.67, 7.50, X. Mem.3.14.1; φερνὰς δόμοις E.Andr.1282; fetch, Od.2.410; χοὰς ἐκ κρήνης S.OC470.

2. bring, offer, present, δῶρα Od.8.428, etc.; μέλος Pi.P.2.3; χοάς τινι A.Ch.487; φ. πέπλον δώρημά τινι S.Tr.602; πρός τινα δῶρα X.An.7.3.31; χάριν τινὶ φ. grant any one a favour, do him a kindness, Il.5.211, Od.5.307, al.; ἐπὶ ἦρα φ. τινί Il.1.572, Od.3.164, etc.; φ. τισὶ εὐνοίας, ὄνησιν ἀστοῖς, A.Supp. 489, S.OC287; but after Hom., χάριν τινὶ φ. show gratitude to him, Pi.O.10(11).17; μῆνιν φ. τινί cherish wrath against ..A.Niob. in PSI11.1208.12.

b. = ἄγω iv. 1, ἄχρι νῦν καθ' ὥραν ἔτους λέγονται πένθος ἐπὶ Μελεάγρῳ φέρειν Ant.Lib.2.7; Ἰάλεμος: ὁ ἐπὶ τοῖς ἀπολωλόσιν ἀνίαν φέρων, Suid.:—
Med., τοῦ γονέως ἐφ' ᾧ γε τὸ πένθος φέρεσθε Phalar.Ep.103.1.

3. bring, produce, cause, [ἀστὴρ] φέρει πυρετὸν βροτοῖσιν Il.22.31; ὄσσαν ..ἥ τε φ. κλέος ἀνθρώποισι Od.1.283, cf. 3.204; φ. κακόν, πῆμα, ἄλγεα, etc., work one woe, Il.8.541, Od.12.231,427, etc.; δηϊοτῆτα φ. bring war, 6.203; ἐπ' ἀλλήλοισι φ. Ἄρηα Il.3.132, cf. 8.516; πόλεμον Hes.Sc.150; θάνατον φ. B.5.134; τοῦτο εὐδοξίαν σοι οἴσει Pl.Ep.312c; τὸ σωθῆναι τὸ ψεῦδος φέρει S.Ph.109; τέχναι ..φόβον φέρουσιν μαθεῖν A.Ag.1135 (lyr.); ὥσπερ τὸ δίκαιον ἔφερε as justice brought with it, brought about, i.e. as was just, no more than just, Hdt.5.58; ἀν' ὄ κα φέρῃ ὁ λόγος ὁ ταμία Φιλοκλέος IG42(1).77.13 (Epid., ii B. C.); of a calculation, yield a result, Vett.Val.349.27; produce, adduce, bring forward, παραδείγματα Isoc.7.6, etc.; πάσας αἰτίας D.58.22; ἁρμόττουσαν εἰκόνα Id.61.10:—
Pass., εἰς τὴν συνηγορίαν ..τοιαῦτά τινα φέρεται Sor.2.3.

b. bring or carry with one, involve, τὸ πᾶν ἡμῖν τοῦ πολέμου φέρουσιν αἱ νέες Hdt.8.62; οὐ ξύλων ἀγὼν ὁ τὸ πᾶν φέρων ἐστὶ ἡμῖν, ἀλλ' ἀνδρῶν ib.100.

4. μῦθον φ. τινί bring one word, Il.10.288, 15.202; ἀγγελίην φ. bring a message, ib. 175, Od.1.408; λόγον Pi.P.8.38; ἐπιστολὰς φ. τινί S.Aj.781, cf. Tr.493; ἐπιστολήν X.Ages.8.3: hence, tell, announce, πευθώ, φάτιν, A.Th.370, Ag.9; σαφές τι πρᾶγος Id.Pers.248 (troch.), cf. Ag.639, etc.; report, ἀγήν (breakages) PCair.Zen.15r27 (iii B. C.); φ. κεχωνευκώς reports that he has .., ib.741.26, cf. 147.4, 268.24 (all iii B. C.); enter, book a payment made, PBaden47.12:—
Med., λόγους φ. E.Supp.583; but also ἀγγελίας ἔπος οἴσῃ thou shalt have it brought thee, receive, Id.Ph.1546 (lyr.); μαντήϊα ..φέρονται Hes.Fr.134.9:—
Pass., θάνατον ἀνάγκη φέρεσθαι τοῦ διαθεμένου the death of the testator must be announced, Ep.Heb.9.16.

5. pay something due or owing, φόρον τέσσαρα τάλαντα φ. pay as a tax or tribute, Th.4.57, cf. IG12.57.9, Pl.Plt.298a, PCair.Zen.467.7 (iii B. C.); δασμόν X.An.5.5.10; σύνοδον φ. subscribe to the expense of a meeting, IG22.1012.14, 1326.6; χρήματα πᾶσι τάξαντες φ. Th.1.19; μισθὸν φ. X.Cyr.1.6.12 (but usu., receive, draw, pay, μισθὸν δύο δραχμὰς τῆς ἡμέρας Ar.Ach.66; τέτταρας τῆς ἡμέρας ὀβολοὺς φέρων Men.357; αἱ νῆες μισθὸν ἔφερον Th. 3.17, cf. X.An.1.3.21, Oec.1.6); φ. ἐννέα ὀβολοὺς τῆς μνᾶς τόκους Lys.Fr.1.2, cf. Lycurg.23; also of property, bring in, yield as rent, φ. μίσθωσιν τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ Is.5.35.

6. apply, refer, τι ἐπί τι Pl. Ti.37e, Chrm.163d, R.478b, cf. Plb.3.36.7, al.; φ. τὰ πράγματα ἐπί τινα confer powers upon, Id.2.50.6.

7. ψῆφον φ. give one's vote, A.Eu.674,680, And.1.2, Is.11.18; ψῆφος καθ' ἡμῶν οἴσεται (Pass.) E.Or.440; περὶ ταύτης ἡ ψῆφος οἰσθήσεται D.44.45; ὑπὲρ ἀγῶνος Lycurg.7, cf. 11: hence φ. τινά appoint or nominate to an office, φ. χορηγόν D.20.130, 39.7, cf. Pl.Lg.753d, Arist.Pol.1266a10:—
Pass., ibid.; ὅπως φέρηται ἐν τῷ στρατιωτικῷ UPZ15.10 (ii B. C.); τῶν φερομένων ἐν Κλεοπάτρᾳ κληρούχων PRein.10.13, al. (ii B. C.); φερομένου μου ἐν τῇ συνοχῇ since I am enrolled in prison, i.e. am in prison, BGU1821.21 (i B. C.):—
Med., choose, adopt, ταύταν φ. βιοτάν E.Andr.785 (lyr.).

V. bring forth, produce, whether of the earth or of trees, φ. ἄρουρα φάρμακα Od.4.229; ἄμπελοι φ. οἶνον 9.110; [νῆσος] φ. ὥρια πάντα ib.131, cf. Hes.Op.117; [οὐ] γῆ καρπὸν ἔφερε Hdt.6.139; γύαι φ. βίοτον A.Fr.196.5, cf. Pi.N.11.41, E.Hec.593, etc.: abs., bear fruit, be fruitful, εὖτ' ἂν τάδε πάντα φέρῃσι h.Merc.91; ἡ γῆ ἔφερε (καρπόν add. codd. quidam) Hdt.5.82; αἱ ἄμπελοι φέρουσιν X.Oec.20.4; also of living beings, τόπος ἄνδρας φ. Pl.Ti.24c; ἤνεγκεν αὐτὸν Λαοδίκεια Philostr. VS1.25.1; ἡ ἐνεγκοῦσα one's country, Hld.2.29, Lib.Or. 2.66, al., Chor.p.81 B., Lyd.Mag.3.26, dub. in Supp.Epigr.4.439 (Milet.) without Art. (also ἡ ἐνεγκαμένη Jul.Ep.202); or Mother Earth, M.Ant.4.48: generally, create, form, Πηνειὸς Τέμπη φ. Philostr.Im.1.25; [τὰ βρέφη] ἄρχεται φέρειν τοὺς ὀδόντας Aët.4.9; φ. τοὺς κυνόδοντας Gp.16.1.14.

VI. carry off or away, Κῆρες ἔβαν θανάτοιο φέρουσαι Il.2.302; φ. τινὰ ἐκ πόνου 14.429, 17.718, etc.; of winds, [ἔπος] φέροιεν ἀναρπάξασαι ἄελλαι may the winds sweep away the word, Od.8.409; of a river, Hdt.1.189:—
Med., carry off with one, Od.15.19.

2. carry away as booty or prize, ἔναρα, τεύχεα, Il.6.480, 17.70; αἶγα λέοντε φ. 13.199; δεῖπνον φ., of Harpies, A.Eu.51; ἐνέχυρα βίᾳ φ. Antipho 6.11; in the phrase φέρειν καὶ ἄγειν (cf. ἄγω 1.3), IG12.69.19; φέροντα ἢ ἄγοντα Lex ap.D.23.60; αἴ κα ..ἄγῃ ἢ φέρῃ Leg.Gort.5.37; ἥρπαζον καὶ ἔφερον Lys.20.17; κείρων ἢ φέρων IG12(9).90.10 (Tamynae, iv B. C.); αἴ τίς κα ..φέρει τι τῶν ἐν τᾷ ἱαρᾷ γᾷ Tab.Heracl.1.128; of a divorced wife, αἰ δέ τι ἄλλο φέροι τῶ ἀνδρός, πέντε στατῆρανς καταστασεῖ κὤτι κα φέρῃ αὐτόν Leg.Gort.3.2; φέρειν alone, rob, plunder, θεῶν ἱερά E.Hec.804; ἀλλήλους Th.1.7; abs., SIG38.23 (Teos, v B. C.):—
Pass., φερόμενοι Βακχῶν ὕπο E.Ba.759:—
Med. in same sense, ἔναρα Il.22.245; πελέκεας οἶκόνδε φ. 23.856; ἀτερπέα δαῖτα Od.10.124, cf. 15.378.

3. carry off, gain, esp. by toil or trouble, win, achieve, both Act. and Med., ἤ κε φέρῃσι μέγα κράτος ἦ κε φεροίμην Il.18.308; φέρειν τρίποδα Hes.Op.657; τἀπινίκια S.El.692; τιμήν Ar. Av.1278; τἀριστεῖα, τὰ νικητήρια, Pl.R.468c, Lg.657e; πέρα ..οὐδὲν φ. S.OC651; ἐκ σοῦ πάντ' ἄνευ φόβου φ. Id.OT590; τίς ..πλέον τᾶς εὐδαιμονίας φέρει ἤ ..; ib. 1190 (lyr.), cf. El.1088 (lyr.); in bad sense, μείζω τὴν αἰσχύνην φ. Pl.Lg.671e: also, receive one's due, φ. χάριν S.OT764; ὡς τοῦτό γ' ἔρξας δύο φέρῃ δωρήματα Id.Ph. 117; μισθὸν φέρειν (v. supr. iv.5); of a priest's perquisites, φέρει ὁ ἱαρεὺς γέρη σκέλη κτλ. BMus.Inscr.968 A9 (Cos), cf. IG12.24.10, al., SIG56.35 (Argos, v B. C.):—
Med. (v. ad init.), win for oneself, κῦδος οἴσεσθαι Il.22.217; δέπας, τεύχεα, carry off as a prize, 23.663, 809, al.; ἀέθλια or ἄεθλον φ. carry off, win a prize, 9.127, 23.413; τὰ πρῶτα φέρεσθαι (sc. ἄεθλα) 23.275,538; οὐ σμικρὸν ἆθλον τῆς ἐρωτικῆς μανίας φέρονται Pl.Phdr.256d; of perquisites, τὸ ..σκέλος τοὶ ἱαρομνάμονες φερόσθω (i. e. φερούσθω from φερόνσθω) IG42(1).40.13 (Epid., v/iv B. C.): hence οὐ τὰ δεύτερα Hdt.8.104; πλέον φέρεσθαι get more or a larger share for onself, gain the advantage over any one, τινος Hdt.7.211, cf. S.OT500 (lyr.), E.Hec.308; ταῦτα ἐπὶ σμικρόν τι ἐφέροντο τοῦ πολέμου this they received as a small help towards the war, Hdt.4.129; ἠνείκατο παρὰ Ἐγεσταίων τὰ οὐδεὶς ἄλλος 5.47; ἴδια κέρδεα προσδεκόμενοι παρὰ τοῦ Πέρσεω οἴσεσθαι 6.100; χάριν φέρεσθαι παρ' ὑμῶν And.2.9; φ. τὴν ἀπέχθειαν αὐτῶν Antipho 3.4.2; ὀνείδη Pl.Lg.762a; εὐσέβειαν ἐκ πατρὸς οἴσῃ S.El.969; δάκρυ πρὸς τῶν κλυόντων A.Pr.638; ἀπό τινος βοσκάν Id.Eu.266 (lyr.); ἐξ ἀνανδρίας τοὔνομα Aeschin.1.131: generally, get for one's own use and profit, take and carry away, esp. to one's own home, τοῦ ..πάμπρωτα παρ' ἀγλαὰ δῶρα φέροιο Il.4.97: hence φέρειν or φέρεσθαι is often used pleon., v. infr. xi.

VII. abs., of roads or ways, lead to a place, ὁδὸν φέρουσαν ἐς ἱρόν Hdt.2.122, cf. 138; τὴν φέρουσαν ἄνω (sc. ὁδόν) Id.9.69; τῆς μὲν ἐς ἀριστερὴν ἐπὶ Καρίης φ., τῆς δὲ ἐς δεξιὴν ἐς Σάρδις Id.7.31; ἐπὶ Σοῦσα X.An.3.5.15; ἁπλῆ οἶμος εἰς Ἅιδου φέρει A.Fr.239; ἡ ἐς Θήβας φέρουσα ὁδός Th.3.24 (but ἡ ἐπ' Ἀθηνῶν φέρουσα ibid.); also ἡ θύρα ἡ εἰς τὸν κῆπον φ. the door leading to the garden, D.47.53; αἱ εἰς τὴν πόλιν φ. πύλαι, αἱ ἐπὶ τὸ τεῖχος φ. κλίμακες, X.HG7.2.7, cf. PMich.Zen.38.27 (iii B. C.), Plb.10.12.3.

2. of a district or tract of country, stretch, extend to or towards, φέρειν ἐπί or ἐς θάλασσαν Hdt.4.99; ἐς τὴν μεσόγαιαν ib. 100; πρὸς νότον Id.7.201; ἡ ἀπὸ δυσμῶν αὐτῆς (sc. τῆς Κιμβρικῆς) καὶ ἐπὶ τὸν Ἄλβιν φέρουσα Ptol.Geog.2.11.2, cf. 3.

b. of time, τῇ νυκτὶ τῇ φερούσῃ εἰς τὴν β́ τοῦ Παχών PPetr.3p.x (iii B. C.), cf. PTeb.61 (b) 288 (ii B. C.), BGU1832.5 (i B. C.), etc.

3. metaph., lead to or towards, be conducive to, ἐς αἰσχύνην φέρει Hdt.1.10; τὰ ἐς ἄκεσιν φέροντα Id.4.90; ἐς βλάβην, ἐς φόβον φέρον, S.OT517, 991; εἰς ὄκνον E.Supp.295: esp. in good sense, tend, conduce to one's interest, ἐπ' ἀμφότερά τοι φέρει (impers.) ταῦτα ποιέειν Hdt.3. 134; so τὰ πρὸς τὸ ὑγιαίνειν φέροντα X.Mem.4.2.31; τροφαὶ μέγα φ. εἰς ἀρετάν E.IA562(lyr.); μέγα τι οἰόμεθα φέρειν (sc. κοινωνίαν γυναικῶν τε καὶ παίδων) εἰς πολιτείαν Pl.R.449d; τὰ καλὰ ἐπιτηδεύματα εἰς ἀρετῆς κτῆσιν φ. ib.444e, cf. X.Cyr.8.1.42; τοῦτο ἔφερεν αὐτῷ was for his good, M.Ant.5.8.

b. point to, refer to a thing, ἐς τί ὑμῖν ταῦτα φαίνεται φέρειν; Hdt.1.120; φωνὴ φέρουσα πρός τινα addressed to him, Id.1.159; ἐς ἀρηί̈ους ἀγῶνας φέρον τὸ μαντήϊον Id.9.33, cf. 6.19; [ὄψις] φέρει ἐπὶ πᾶσαν γῆν refers to .., extends over .., Id.7.19; τὰ ἴχνη τῆς ὑποψίας εἰς τοῦτον φ. point to him, Antipho 2.3.10; πρός τινας Pl.R.538c; ταύτῃ <ὁ> νόος ἔφερε Hdt.9.120; ἡ τοῦ δήμου φέρει γνώμη, ὡς .., the people's opinion inclines to this, that .., Id.4.11; ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ αἱ γνῶμαι ἔφερον Th.1.79: c. inf., τῶν ἡ γνώμη ἔφερε συμβάλλειν whose opinion inclined to giving battle, Hdt.6.110, cf. 5.118; πλέον ἔφερέ οἱ ἡ γνώμη κατεργάσεσθαι his opinion inclined rather to the view .., Hdt.8.100, cf. 3.77.

VIII. carry or have in the mouth, i. e. speak of, πολύν τινα ἐν ταῖς διαβολαῖς φέρειν Aeschin.3.223; use a word, οὐκ οἶδα καθ' ὁποτέρου τούτων οἱ παλαιοὶ τὸ τῆς ζειᾶς ἔφερον ὄνομα Gal.Vict.Att.6, cf. 7.644, 15.753,876; record an event, οἱ δευτέρῳ μετὰ τὴν ἔξοδον ..ἔτει φέροντες αὐτήν D.H.1.63: more freq. in Pass., πονηρῶς, εὖ, φέρεσθαι, to be ill or well spoken of, X.HG1.5.17, 2.1.6; ἀτίμως ὑπὸ τῶν ἀνθρώπων φ. Pl.Ep.328e; abs., φέρεται [the report] is carried about, i.e. it is said, c. acc. et inf., τοιόνδε φέρεται πρῆγμα γίνεσθαι Hdt.8.104 (v.l.); ἐν χρόνοις φέρεται μνημονευομένοις is recorded as occurring within historical times, Str.1.3.15; ὅτε καὶ Δημόκριτος φέρεται τελευτήσας Sor.Vit.Hippocr.11; κρίνομεν ..τὰ γραφέντα ὑφ' ἡμῶν προστάγματα ἐν τοῖς ἱεροῖς νόμοις φέρεσθαι παρ' ὑμῖν OGI331.60 (Pergam., ii B. C.); ὧν τὰ ὀνόματα φέρεται are in use, Ptol.Geog.7.4.11; of literary works, to be in circulation, ἐπιστόλιον αὐτοῦ τοιοῦτον φέρεται Plu.2.808a, cf. 209e, 832d, 833c, al., Jul.Or.6.189b, Gp.2.35.8, Eun.VSp.456 B.; πρόλογοι διττοὶ φέρονται Arg.E.Rh.; ὁ στίχος οὗτος ἔν τισιν οὐ φέρεται Sch.E. Ph.377, cf. Sch.Il.8.557.

2. of words, φέρεσθαι ἐπί τι to refer to something, A.D.Pron.61.5, Synt.21.14, al.

IX. imper. φέρε like ἄγε, as Adv., come, now, well,

1. before another imper., φέρε γὰρ σήμαινε A.Pr.296 (anap.); φέρ' εἰπὲ δή μοι S.Ant.534; φ. δή μοι τόδε εἰπέ Pl.Cra.385b; so φέρετε ..πειρᾶσθε Hdt.4.127.

2. before 1sg. or pl. of subj. used imperatively, φέρε ἀκούσω, φέρε στήσωμεν, Hdt.1.11,97; φ. δὲ νῦν ..φράσω Id.2.14; φέρ' ἴδω, τί δ' ἥσθην; Ar.Ach.4; φέρε δὴ κατίδω Id.Pax361, cf. 959; φ. δὴ ἴδωμεν, φ. δὴ σκεψώμεθα, Pl.Grg.455a, Prt.330b, cf. E.Or.1281 (lyr.), Ph.276, etc.: less freq. before 2 pers., φέρε ..μάθῃς S.Ph.300.

3. before a rhetorical question, φέρε ..τροπαῖα πῶς ἀναστήσεις; E.Ph.571; φ. δὴ νῦν ..τί γαμεῖθ' ἡμᾶς; Ar.Th.788 (anap.), cf. Ach.541, Pl.R. 348c; φ. μῶν οὐκ ἀνάγκη ..; Id.Lg.805d; φ. πρὸς θεῶν πῶς ..; Id.Grg.514d; freq. in phrase φέρε γάρ, φέρε τίς γὰρ οὗτος; Ar.Nu.218; φ. γὰρ πρὸς τίνας χρὴ πολεμεῖν; Isoc.4.183, cf. Antipho 5.36; also φ. δή Pl.Grg.455a, al.: usu. first in a sentence, but τὴν ἀνδρείαν δὲ φ. τί θῶμεν; Id.Lg.633c, etc.

4. φέρε δή, ἐάν πῃ διαλλαχθῶμεν ..come let us see if we can .., Id.Cra.430a.

5. φέρε c. inf., suppose, grant that ..φ. λέγειν τινά Plu.2.98b; φ. εἰπεῖν let us say, D.Chr.31.93, 163, Porph.Abst.3.3; οἷον φ. εἰ. Iamb. in Nic.p.47 P., al. (οἷον φέρε alone, Hierocl. in CA11p.439M.).

X. part. neut. τὸ φέρον, as Subst., destiny, fate, τὸ φ. ἐκ θεοῦ [καλῶς] φέρειν [χρή] ye must bear nobly what heaven bears to you, awards you, S.OC1693 (lyr., codd., sed secl. καλῶς, χρή); εἰ τὸ φερον σε φέρει, φέρε καὶ φέρου AP 10.73 (Pall.).

2. part. φέρων in all genders freq. joined with another Verb:

a. to express a subsidiary action, φέρων ἔδωκε he brought and gave, Od.22.146; δὸς τῷ ξείνῳ ταῦτα φέρων take this and give it him, 17.345; ἔγχος ἔστησε φέρων brought the spear and placed it, 1.127; σῖτον παρέθηκε φέρουσα ib.139, al., cf. S.Tr.622; τοῦτο ἐλθὼν οἴκαδε φέρων τῷ πατρὶ ἔδωκα Pl.Hp.Ma.282e, cf. R.345b; so ὁ μὲν Ἐπίχαρμον ..εἰς δέκα τόμους φέρων συνήγαγεν Porph.Plot. 24; ἑκάστῃ ἐννεάδι τὰ οἰκεῖα φέρων συνεφόρησα ibid., etc.; sts. translatable by with, ᾤχοντο φέροντες τὰ γράμματα Th.7.8.

b. intr., in pass. sense, to denote unrestrained action, νῦν σε μάλ' οἴω ..φέροντα ..φιλητεύσειν h.Merc.159; φέρουσα ἐνέβαλε νηί̈ φιλίῃ she went and rammed, rammed full tilt, Hdt.8.87; ὅταν ἐπὶ θάτερ' ὥσπερ εἰς τρυτάνην ἀργύριον προσενέγκῃς, οἴχεται φέρον down it sinks, D.5.12; τὰ μὲν ἄλλα μέρη τοῦ πολέμου παρῆκαν, φέροντες δὲ παντὶ τῷ στρατεύματι πρὸς αὐτὸν Ἀκράγαντα προσήρεισαν hurling themselves, Plb.1.17.8; εἰς τοῦτο φέρων περιέστησε τὰ πράγματα Aeschin.3.82; ὑπέβαλεν ἑαυτὸν φέρων Θηβαίοις ib.90, cf. 1.175, 3.143,146; in the foll. passages φέρων accompanies a Verb of throwing, giving, entrusting, or dedicating, and expresses wholehearted action, whether wise or unwise; there is always an accus., freq. of the reflex. Pron., governed by the principal Verb (or perh. by φέρων): ἐπεὶ ἐς τοὺς κρατῆρας ἐμαυτὸν φέρων ἐνέβαλον (sc. ὁ Ἐμπεδοκλῆς) when I went (or took) and threw myself .., Luc.Icar.13, cf. Fug.1, Plu.Comp.Arist. Cat.1, Fab.6, Per.12, Paus.1.30.1, Ael.VH8.14, Frr.10,69, Philostr. VA3.4; τὴν κατασκευὴν ..φέρων ἐδωρήσατο τῇ μητρί D.S.31.27, cf. Ach.Tat.1.7; σεαυτὸν ..φέρων ἀπημπόληκας Luc.Merc.Cond.24; τί παθόντες ..τοῖς ἀτέκνοις τῶν γερόντων ἐσποιεῖτε φέροντες αὑτούς; Luc. DMort.6.3, cf. Ind.19, Laps.22; ταύτῃ (sc. τῇ ὀργῇ) φέρων ὑπέθηκεν ἑαυτόν Plu.Them.24, cf. Per.7; τούτῳ φέροντες ὑποβάλλουσι τοὺς υἱούς Id.2.4b, cf. Luc.6, Pomp.27, Ael.VH6.1, Max.Tyr.1.2; προσέθετο φέρων ἑαυτὸν ἐκείνῳ Eun.VS p.456 B., cf.pp.461,465 B., Dam. ap. Suid. S1.v. Σεβηριανός; ἀλλὰ σοὶ μὲν, ὦ θεῶν πάτερ, ἐμαυτὸν φέρων ἀναθήσω Jul.Or.7.231b.

3. ἔκκρισις ..ἐκ μικρῶν φέρουσα διαστημάτων occurring at short intervals, Sor.2.45.

XI. φέρειν, φέρεσθαι are freq. added epexegetically to δίδωμι and similar Verbs, δῶκεν ..τρίποδα φέρειν Il.23.513, cf. 16.665, 17.131; τεύχεα ..δότω φέρεσθαι 11.798, cf. Od.21.349, E.Tr.419,454(troch.).

B. Pass. is used in most of the above senses:—
special cases:

I. to be borne or carried involuntarily, esp. to be borne along by waves or winds, to be swept away, φέρεσθαι ἀνέμοισι, θυέλλῃ, Od.9.82, 10.54, cf. A.Pers.276 (lyr.), etc.; πᾶν δ' ἦμαρ φερόμην, of Hephaestus falling from Olympus, Il.1.592; ἧκε φέρεσθαι he sent him flying, 21.120; ἧκα πόδας καὶ χεῖρε φέρεσθαι I let go my hands and feet, let them swing free [in the leap], Od.12.442, cf. 19.468; μέγα φέρεται πὰρ σέθεν, of a word uttered, comes with weight, Pi.P.1.87; βίᾳ φέρεται Pl.Phdr.254a; πνεῦμα φερόμενον Id.R.496d; τὸ πνεῦμα κατὰ τὰς ἀναπνοὰς εἴσω τε καὶ ἔξω φέρεται Gal.16.520; ῥεῖν καὶ φέρεσθαι Pl.Cra.411c; φ. εἰς τὸν Τάρταρον Id.Phd.114b; simply, move, go, ποῖ γᾶς φέρομαι; S.OT1309 (anap.); οὐκ οἶσθ' ὅποι γῆς οὐδ' ὅποι γνώμης φέρῃ Id.El.922, cf. E.Hec.1076 (anap.), etc.; of the excreta, τὰ φερόμενα ..εἰ μὲν αὐτομάτως φέροιτο Philum. ap. Aët.9.12; πρὸς κοιλίαν φερομένην Aët.4.19: metaph., εἰς τὸ λοιδορεῖν φέρῃ E.Andr.729; πρὸς τὴν τοῦ κάλλους φύσιν Pl.Phdr.254b, cf. X.Mem.2.1.4; ἐπὶ ταὐτὸ φέρονται have the same tendency, Phld.Vit.p.42 J.; ἀπὸ δογμάτων καὶ ἀπὸ θεωρημάτων φ. Vett.Val.238.30; of veins, to be conveyed, Gal.15.531; also ἡ φερομένη οὐσία (the doctrine of) universal motion, Pl.Tht.177c; οἱ φερόμενοι θεοί the moving gods, i. e. the stars and planets, Plot.2.3.9.

2. freq. in part. with another Verb of motion, φερόμενοι ἐσέπιπτον ἐς τοὺς Αἰγινήτας they fell into their hands with a rush, at full speed, Hdt.8.91; ἀπὸ ..ἐλπίδος ᾠχόμην φερόμενος Pl.Phd.98b; ἧκε φερόμενος εἰς τὴν ἑαυτοῦ φύσιν Aeschin.3.89.

3. of voluntary and impulsive motion, ἰθὺς φέρεται μένει Il.20.172; ὁμόσε τινὶ φέρεσθαι come to blows with him, X.Cyn.10.21; δρόμῳ φ. πρός τινα Id.HG4.8.37; φυγῇ εἰς ἑαυτοὺς φ. Id.Cyr.1.4.23; ἥξει ἐπ' ἐκεῖνον τὸν λόγον φερόμενος Lycurg.59; φερόμενος ὑπ' ὀργῆς D.H.Comp.18.

II. metaph., καλῶς, κακῶς φέρεσθαι, of things, schemes, etc., turn out, prosper well or ill, succeed or fail, οὔτ' ἂν ..νόμοι καλῶς φέροιντ' ἄν S.Aj.1074; κακῶς φ. τὰ ἑαυτοῦ X.HG3.4.25; εὖ φέρεται ἡ γεωργία Id.Oec.5.17; ὀλιγώρως ἔχειν καὶ ἐᾶν ταῦτα φέρεσθαι to neglect things and let them take their course, D.8.67; less freq. of persons, fare well or ill, εὖ φερόμενος ἐν στρατηγίαις being generally successful .., Th.5.16, cf. 15; καλῶς φερόμενος τὸ καθ' ἑαυτόν Id.2.60; φ. ἐν προτιμήσει παρά τινι D.S.33.5; χεῖρον φερομένη παρὰ τἀδελφῷ J.AJ16.7.6; of euphonious writing, σύνθεσις καλῶς φερομένη Phld.Po.5.26.

2. behave, ὑποκριτικῶς, ἀστάτως, etc., Vett.Val.38.20, 197.8, al.

3. have an opinion, ὅπως ἠνέχθη περὶ τοῦ σφυγμοῦ what his opinion was about .., Marcellin.Puls.233.

C. Med.: for its chief usages, v. supr. A. VI. 3.