Previous: φεύγυδροςNext: φεύζω


φεύγω, Il.21.472, etc.: Ep. inf. φευγέμεν, φευγέμεναι, 10.147, 21.13; impf. ἔφευγον 22.158, etc., Poet. φεῦγον 9.478, Tyrt.5.8, Pi.N. 9.13: iter. φεύγεσκον Il.17.461, Hdt.4.43: fut. φεύξομαι Il.18.307, etc.; also φευξοῦμαι in E. and Com., E.Med.341, 346, Hel.500,1041, Ba.659, Ar.Ach.203 (cod. R), 1129, Pl.447, Av.932 (ἀπο-), Men. 283 (but dub. where found in Att. Prose, Pl.Lg.635c, al., D.38.19; φευξεῖται is dub. l. in IPE12.24.11 (Olbia, iv B. C.); fut. Act. ἐκ-φεύξω only late, v.l. in Aesop.349b, cf. Chambry ii p.479): aor. ἔφῠγον, Ion.φύγεσκον Od.17.316: pf. πέφευγα Hdt.7.154 codd. (v. infr.11.1a); opt. πεφεύγοι Il.21.609 (ἐκ-πεφευγοίην S.OT840), part. πεφευγότες Od.1.12; part. pf. Pass. πεφυγμένος in act. sense, Il.6.488, Od.1.18, etc. (in pass. sense, Epicur.Fr.423); Ep. πεφυζότες (cf. φύζα) Il.21.6,528, 532, 22.1, later sg. πεφυζώς Nic.Th.128; Aeol. πεφύγγων, v. φυγγάνω:—
Med., μὴ φεύγησθε Anon.Hist. in PLit.Lond.115: aor. 1 δια-φεύξασθαι Decr.Ath. in Hp.Ep.25.

I. abs., flee, take flight, opp. διώκω, Il.22.157, etc.; βῆ φεύγων ἐπὶ πόντον 2.665; πῇ φεύγεις; 8.94; πόσε φεύγετε; 16.422; ποῖ φύγωμεν ..χθονός; A.Supp.777 (lyr.); ποῖ τις οὖν φύγῃ; S.Aj.403 (lyr.); ἐνθένδε ἐκεῖσε φ. Pl.Tht.176b: with Preps., φ. ἀπό τινος Od.12.120; φεύξονται ἀφ' ἑαυτῶν εἰς φιλοσοφίαν Pl.Tht.168a, etc.; ἐκ πολέμοιο, ἐκ θανάτοιο, Il.7.118, 20.350; ἐκ κακῶν πεφευγέναι S.Ant.437, cf. Hdt.1.65; ὑπὲκ κακοῦ Il.15.700, cf. 17.461 (rarely c. gen. only, πεφυγμένος ἦεν ἀέθλων (v. infr. 11) Od.1.18; τῆς νόσου πεφευγέναι S.Ph.1044); φ. ἐς πατρίδα γαῖαν Il. 2.140, 159, al.; ἐπὶ Σάρδεων, ἐπὶ τὸν Ἑλικῶνα, X.Cyr.7.2.1, Ages. 2.11; πρὸς τὸ ὄρος Id.HG3.5.19; ὑπὸ γᾶν A.Eu.175 (lyr.); ὑπὸ δελφῖνος ἰχθύες φ. Il.21.23, cf. 554 (cf. infr. 111.2): c. acc. cogn., φύγε λαιψηρὸν δρόμον ran the course full swiftly, Pi.P.9.121; τίνα φυγὴν φευξούμεθα; E.Hel.1041; φ. τὴν παρὰ θάλασσαν (sc. ὁδόν) flee by the shore route, Hdt.4.12; cf. infr. 111; for φυγῇ φεύγειν, v. infr. 11.1, φυγή 1.1.

2. pres. and impf. tenses prop. express only the purpose or endeavour to get away: hence part. φεύγων is added to the compd. Verbs καταφεύγω, ἐκφεύγω, προφεύγω, to distinguish the attempt from the accomplishment, βέλτερον, ὃς φεύγων προφύγῃ κακὸν ἠὲ ἁλώῃ it is better that one should flee and escape than stay and be caught, Il.14.81; φεύγων ἐκφεύγει Hdt.5.95, cf. Ar.Ach.177; φ. καταφυγεῖν Hdt.4.23.

3. φ. εἰς ..have recourse to ..take refuge in .., ἐς τοὺς ἀφώνους μάρτυρας E.Hipp.1076.

4. c. inf., shun or shrink from doing, Hdt.4.76, Antipho 1.13, Pl.Ap.26a; with inf. omitted, φεύγουσι γάρ τοι χοἱ θρασεῖς shrink back, S.Ant. 580.

II. c. acc., flee, avoid, escape, Ἕκτορα Il.11.327, etc.; φ. τινὰ ἐκ μάχης Hdt.7.104; φ. ἐς τὴν Ἀσίην τοὺς Σκύθας Id.4.12; φ. θάνατον Il.1.60; ἔνθ' ἄλλοι μὲν πάντες, ὅσοι φύγον αἰπὺν ὄλεθρον, οἴκοι ἔσαν πόλεμόν τε πεφευγότες ἠδὲ θάλασσαν Od.1.11; ἔφυγον κακόν, εὗρον ἄμεινον, formula used by μύσται, D.18.259; with modal dat., φ. ὄνειδος λόγοις, ἀμαχανίαν ἔργῳ, Pi.O.6.90, P.9.92; avoid, shun, χρὴ ..φεύγειν τὰ παχύνοντα Gal.Vict.Att.12; τὴν ἀργίαν καὶ τὴν ἀκινησίαν τοῦ σώματος Sor.1.93, cf. 46, al.; φόνον φ. flee the consequences of the murder, E.Med.796; αἷμα συγγενὲς φ. χθονός Id.Supp.148; τὰν Διὸς μῆτιν φ. A.Pr.906 (lyr.); ὀσμὴν .., μὴ βάλῃ, πεφευγότες S.Ant.412; φεύγων φυγῇ τὸ γῆρας Pl.Smp.195b; ἐς πόντον ..φύγε πέτρας νηῦς Od. 10.131; οὐδεμία [πόλις] πέφευγε (sed fort. leg. ἀπέφυγε) δουλοσύνην πρὸς Ἱπποκράτεος at the hands of .., Hdt.7.154: part. pf. Pass. also retains the acc. in Hom. in periphrastic phrases, μοῖραν δ' οὔ τινά φημι πεφυγμένον ἔμμεναι ἀνδρῶν Il.6.488; πεφυγμένον ἔμμεν ὄλεθρον Od.9.455; οὔ οἱ νῦν ἔτι γ' ἔστι πεφυγμένον ἄμμε γενέσθαι Il.22.219, cf. h.Ven. 34:—
but in pass. sense, τὸ πάραυτα πεφυγμένον κακόν Epicur.l.c.

b. seek to avoid, shirk, στρατείαν D.21.162; εἰ τοῦτο φεύξονται καὶ μὴ 'θελήσουσι ποιεῖν Id.20.138; so in aor., ἢν φύγῃ τις, ζημιοῦν Ar.Ach. 717.

2. of things, ἡνίοχον φύγον ἡνία escaped, slipped from his hands, Il.23.465; Νέστορα δ' ἐκ χειρῶν φύγον ἡνία 8.137, cf. 11.128; τὸ φεῦγον the part which slips, X.Eq. 10.9, cf. Hp.Off.9, Gal.18(2).735: c. dupl. acc., ποῖόν σε ἔπος φύγεν ἕρκος ὀδόντων Il.4.350, Od.1.64, etc.

b. of wine, 'go off', turn sour, Gp.7.7.8.

III. flee one's country, Il. 9.478, Od.13.259; οἱ φεύγοντες the exiles, Th.1.24, X.Ages.7.6; πατρίδα φ. Od.15.228, X.Cyr.3.1.24; τὴν αὑτοῦ Th.5.26; ἅπασαν τὴν Ἀθηναίων ξυμμαχίδα IG12.10.30; φ. ἐξ Ἄργεος Od.15.224, cf. Th.8.85; ἐξ Ἀθηνέων, ἐκ τῆς πατρίδος, Hdt.6.103, X.An.1.3.3.

2. φ. ὑπὸ Σκυθέων to be expelled, driven out by ..Hdt.4.125: but esp. to be exiled, φ. ὑπὸ τοῦ δήμου Id.5.30, X.HG1.1.27; φ. ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου by their sentence, Din.1.44: also c. acc., φ. Πεισιστρατίδας Hdt. 5.62.

3. abs., go into exile, live in banishment, A.Ag.1668 (troch.), Antipho 2.2.9, Pl.Mx.242b; δύο ἔτη φευγέτω Id.Lg.867c; φ. ἀειφυγίαν to be banished for life, ib. 871d, al.; φεόγειν Ἀμφίπολιν ἀειφυγίην SIG194.3, cf. 24 (Amphipolis, iv B. C.); but also ἐν ἀειφυγίᾳ Pl.Lg. 877e; φεύγων ἀπ' οἴκων ἃς ἐγὼ φεύγω φυγάς E.Andr.976; φεύγοντες being in exile, opp. φυγόντες having gone into exile, Lys.14.33; with play on words, "μέχρι τίνος φεύξῃ, Ἀρκαδίων;" καὶ ὅς, "ἔς τ' ἂν τοὺς ἀφίκωμαι οἳ οὐκ ἴσασι Φίλιππον" Duris 3 J.

IV. as law-term (mostly in pres. and impf., but cf. Lys.12.4 (v. infr.)), to be accused or prosecuted at law: ὁ φεύγων the accused, defendant, Ar.V.893, Pl.R.405b, etc.; opp. διώκω, οὔτε φεύγων ἁλοὺς οὔτε διώκων ἡττηθείς D.23.66; c. acc., φ. γραφάς, δίκην, Ar.Eq.442 (lyr.), Nu.167; ὑπό τινος δίκας φ. Pl.Ap. 19c, cf. D.49.1; οὐδενὶ πώποτε οὔτε ἡμεῖς οὔτε ἐκεῖνος δίκην οὔτε ἐδικασάμεθα οὔτε ἐφύγομεν Lys. l. c.; φ. ἀπολογίας Aeschin.3.201; the crime being added in gen., φόνου δίκην φ. Antipho 5.9; γραφὰς φ. παρανόμων D.18.235; more freq. c. gen. only, φ. φόνου to be charged with murder, Lys.10.31, Lycurg.133, etc.; φ. δειλίας Ar. Ach.1129; ξενίας Id.V.718 (anap.); with gen. of the penalty, ἐὰν ..φεύγῃ δεσμῶν OGI218.92 (Ilium, iii B. C.); also περὶ θανάτου φ. Antipho 5.95; φ. ἐπὶ μηνύσει τινός And.1.18; ἀσεβείας φ. ὑπό τινος is accused of impiety by .., Pl.Ap.35d; rarely of things, τὸ φεῦγον ψήφισμα the decree that is on its defence, the decree in question, D.23.58:—
in Hdt.7.214 αἰτίην φ. has the older sense, flee from a charge, quit one's country on account of a charge.

2. plead in defence, δεῖ τοί σε φεύγειν ..ὡς οὐκ ἔχουσι κῦρος [οἱ νόμοι] A.Supp.390; ἔφευγε μὴ εἰδέναι pleaded ignorance, S.Ant.263, (Cf. Lat.fugio, Goth. biugan 'bend', etc.)