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φῐάλη [ᾰ], ἡ, bowl or pan used as a saucepan for boiling liquids, ἀμφίθετος φ. ἀπύρωτος Il.23.270; also used as a cinerary urn, [ὀστέα] ἐν χρυσεῃ φ. καὶ δίπλακι δημῷ θείομεν ib.243, cf. 253.

2. after Hom., broad, fiat bowl or saucer for drinking or pouring libations, φιάλας τε καὶ ἄλλα ἐκπώματα Hdt.9.80, cf. 2.151, 7.54; δωροφοροῦσιν ..φιάλας Ar.V.677 (anap.); οἰνοδόκον φ. χρυσῷ πεφρικυῖαν Pi.I.6 (5).40; ἀργυρωθέντες σὺν οἰνηραῖς φ. Id.N.10.43; of gold, Hdt.2.151, 7.54, Pi.I.1.20, Pl.Criti.120a (pl.), PCair.Zen.21.16 (iii B. C., S1. v. l.), Apoc.5.8, etc.; ἔλαβε σύμβολον παρὰ βασιλέως τοῦ μεγάλου φ. χρυσῆν Lys.19.25; of silver, Pi.N.9.51, IG12.313.15, al., Lys.12.11, PCair.Zen.327.5, al. (iii B. C.); ἀργυρηλάτους χρυσέας τε φ. E.Ion 1182; φ. λυκιουργεῖς D.49.31; as a votive offering, Hdt.1.50, PTeb.6.27 (ii B. C.), etc.; πίνειν ἐκ φ. μεγάλης ἐπὶ δεξιά Pl.Smp.223c, cf. X.Smp. 2.23; φ. καρυωτή, v. καρυωτός 11.

b. used for unguents, ἄλλος δ' εὐῶδες μύρον ἐν φ. παρατείνει Xenoph.1.3; for administering medicines, IG42(1).122.125 (Epid., iv B. C.).

c. τὸ ἐκ φιάλης revenue, perh. from a collecting-bowl, IG11(2).161A116 (Delos, iii B. C.), cf. Inscr.Delos 442A156 (ii B. C.).

II. from its broad flat shape, φιάλη Ἄρεως metaph. for ἀσπίς, shield, cited from Tim. (Fr.22) by Antiph.112, cf. Anaxandr.80, Arist.Rh.1412b35.

III. ornament used in a coffered ceiling, Agatharch.102.—
The form φιέλη was less Att., Moer.p.389 P.