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fungor, functus, fungi, v. dep. [kindred to Sanscr. bhuj-, frui], to busy one's self with or be engaged in something; to perform, execute, administer, discharge, observe, do (syn.: administro, defungor); constr. with abl., rarely with acc. or absol.

I. In gen.

(a). With abl.: valetudo (opportuna est), ut dolore careas et muneribus fungare corporis, Cic. Lael. 6, 22; cf.: populari munere, id. Rep. 3, 35: virtutis perfectae perfecto munere, id. Tusc. 1, 45, 109; so, munere, id. Rep. 1, 7; 5, 2; id. Off. 2, 16, 57; 2, 20, 70; id. Brut. 16, 63; id. Leg. 1, 3, 10; Caes. B. G. 7, 25, 3; Hor. Ep. 1, 9, 5 al.; cf.: magnificentissimā aedilitate, Cic. Off. 2, 16, 57: consulatu, Suet. Caes. 23; id. Galb. 3: praeturā, id. Tib. 4; id. Claud. 24; 38; id. Gram. 7: quaesturā, id. Aug. 36: magisterio, id. Dom. 4: potius barbarorum quam illius more, to observe, Nep. Con. 3, 4: funguntur officio, perform, Cic. Cael. 9, 21: officio rhetoris, Quint. 2, 1, 6; Suet. Claud. 29; cf. Hor. S. 2, 6, 109: cum suam vicem functus officio sit, had filled his own place as husband, Liv. 1, 9, 15: legationibus, Quint. 3, 2, 4: militiā, Suet. Gram. 9: oppugnationibus et acie feliciter, Vell. 2, 95, 2: sacris, Hor. A. P. 224: laboribus, id. C. 2, 18, 38; cf. periculis, Just. 7, 4: dapibus, to have done with the food, Ov. F. 2, 791: caede, to murder, id. H. 14, 19: morte, to die, id. M. 11, 583; Vell. 2, 49, 1; for which also: fato, Ov. M. 11, 559; Quint. 3, 7, 10; Suet. Calig. 6; Val. Max. 1, 8, 5 ext.: vitā, Gell. 20, 2, 3; Lact. 2, 1, 1; Dig. 48, 5, 11 fin.; 49, 17, 14: voto, to pay a vow, Just. 9, 2: fungar vice cotis, to serve instead of, Hor. A. P. 304: indicis partibus, Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 2: ter aevo functus senex (Nestor), who had lived through, enjoyed, Hor. C. 2, 9, 13; cf.: functo longissima statione mortali, Vell. 2, 131, 2: virtute functi duces, who have shown, exhibited, Hor. C. 4, 15, 29; cf.: omni virtute functa (femina), Quint. 6 praef. 5.—Of things: possunt aliquando oculi non fungi suo munere, Cic. Div. 1, 32, 71: aliquae (vocales) officio consonantium fungantur, Quint. 1, 4, 10: levissima quaeque (quaestio) primo loco fungitur, id. 3, 6, 8 Spald. N. cr.: res eadem perorationis vice fungitur, id. 4, 3, 11; cf. id. 4, 1, 75.—

(b). With acc. (so always in Plaut. and Ter. except officiis, Ter. Ad. 4, 3, 12; but in class. prose only once in Nep.; v. infra): ingentia munera fungi, Lucil. ap. Non. 497, 12: munus, id. ib. 10; Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 5; id. Trin. prol. 1; 2, 2, 73: militare munus fungens, Nep. Dat. 1, 2 al.: officium, Pac. ap. Non. 497, 16 (Trag. Rel. v. 129 Rib.); Titin. ib. 6 (Com. Rel. v 48 ib.); Turp. ib. 13; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 14; 3, 3, 19; id. Ad. 3, 4, 18; id. Phorm. 2, 1, 51: sine me alliatum fungi fortunas meas, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 45: Mago diem fungitur relictis duobus filiis, i. e. dies, Just. 19, 1, 1: mala multa animus contagibu' fungitur ejus, i. e. suffers, Lucr. 3, 734.—

(g). In gerundive, as v.a.: muneris fungendi gratia, Cic. Rep. 1, 17; cf. Hirt. B. G. 8, 12, 3; Cic. Att. 1, 1, 2: ad suum munus fungendum, id. Tusc. 3, 7, 15: per speciem alienae fungendae vicis, Liv. 1, 41, 6: spes facta militiae fungendae potioribus ducibus, id. 24, 21, 3.—

(d). Absol. (very rare): at facere et fungi sine corpore nulla potest res, i. e. to suffer, Lucr. 1, 443 sq.; so 3, 168: pro fultura et substructione fungentur fundamenta, will serve, Col. 1, 5, 9: nec livida tabes Invidiae functis quamquam et jam lumine cassis Defuit, i. e. to the dead, =defunctis, Stat. Th. 2, 15; cf.: omnia functa Aut moritura vides, id. S. 2, 1, 209; id. Th. 4, 483; 511; Albin. 1,393; Aus. Ep.33.

II. In partic., to perform, discharge, contribute, pay any thing due from one: hoc vobis est statuendum, quid aratorem ipsum arationis nomine muneris in re publica fungi ac sustinere velitis, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 86, 199: per omnes annos atque omnia bella duplici numero se militum equitumque fungi, Vell. 2, 15, 3: cum eo sumptu res publica fungatur, Tac. A. 14, 21: qui fenus exercent, omnibus patrimonii intributionibus fungi debent, etsi possessionem non habeant, Dig. 50, 1, 22 fin.!*? In pass. signif. (post-class. and very rare): pretia rerum non ex affectione, nec utilitate singulorum, sed communiter fungi, are not taken, Dig. 9, 2, 33: dos, quae semel functa est, amplius fungi non potest, Ulp. Fragm. 6, 11.