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γυμν-άζω, fut. -άσω: aor. ἐγύμνασα A.Ag.540: pf. γεγύμνακα Id.Pr.586 (lyr.):—
Med., (v. infr.):—
Pass., aor. ἐγυμνάσθην [D.]61.43: pf. γεγύμνασμαι (v. infr.): (γυμνός):—
train naked, train in gymnastic exercise: generally, train, exercise, τὸ σῶμα, τὴν ψυχήν, Isoc.2.11; ἑαυτὸν καὶ τοὺς ἵππους X.An.1.2.7; ἑαυτὸν πρός τι Arr.Epict.2.18.27: c. inf., γ. τοὺς παῖδάς τι ποιεῖν train or accustom them to do a thing, X.Cyr.1.6.32; γ. τινά τινι accustom him to it, ib.1.2.10; τινὰ περί τι Isoc.10.5; teach rhetoric, Phld.Rh.2.50S.:—
Med., exercise for oneself, practise, γυμνάσασθαι τέχνην Pl.Grg.514e; τὰ περὶ τὰς διαίτας Str.14.2.19; γυμνάσιον τὸ εἰωθός Ael.VH5.6; practise gymnastic exercises, Thgn. 1335, Hdt.7.208, Th.1.6. etc.; δρόμῳ IG4.955.8 (ii A. D.), etc.; generally, practise, ναῦς -ομένας X.HG1.1.16; of a disputer, Arist.Top. 108a13, etc.:—
Pass., ὁ γεγυμνασμένος the trained or practised orator, opp. ὁ εὐφυής, Id.Rh.1410b8; γεγυμνάσθαι πρός τι, ἔντινι, be trained or practised for or in a thing, Pl.Lg.626b,635c; περὶ τὰ ὅπλα γυμνάζεσθαι X.HG6.5.23: c. acc., τὰ πρὸς τὰς πολεμικὰς πράξεις γεγυμνασμένοι τὰς ἕξεις .. Arist.Pol.1319a22; θήραν Philostr.VA3.9: c. gen., γεγ. θαλάττης, πολέμων, σοφίας, Id.Her.2.15,3.1,10.1; καρδία γεγ. πλεονεξίας τινί 2 Ep.Pet.2.14; also ὕδωρ ὑπὸ συνεχῶν πληγῶν γεγ. καὶ κεκαθαρμένον J.AJ3.1.2.

2. prepare, βιβλίδιον PFlor.338.4 (iii A. D.).

II. metaph., wear out, harass, ἄδην με ..πλάναι γεγυμνάκασι A.Pr.586; ἔρως πατρῴας τῆσδε γῆς σ' ἐγύμνασε Id.Ag.540; κρυμὸς ..πλευρὰ γυμνάζει χολῆς, of pleurisy, E.Fr.682:—
Pass., τοὺς ὑπερμήκεις δρόμους ..γυμνάζεται A.Pr.592.

2. investigate, Sammelb. 5941.12 (Pass., vi A. D.).

III. = γυμνόω, PSI1.70 (Pass., vi A. D.).