Previous: ἡμισύνθεσιςNext: ἡμισύτριτον


ἥμῐσυς, εια, υ, gen. ἡμίσεος Hdt.2.126, Th.2.78,4.83, X.Oec.18.8, Pl.Smp.205e, IG22.1612.267, D.23.213, etc. (ἡμίσεως is sts. a v.l., as in Th. ll. cc., and is found in later writers, as Dsc.2.70); also as fem., Th.4.104; later contr. ἡμίσους D.H.4.17, Plu.Mar.34, etc. (as fem., LXX 3 Ki.16.9): nom. and acc. pl. masc., Ion. ἡμίσεες, -εας, Il. 21.7, Hdt.9.51, Att. ἡμίσεις Th.3.20, Pl.Tht.154c (ἡμίσεας is preferred by Phryn.PSp.73B.): neut. pl. ἡμίσεα Th.4.16, Pl.R.438c, later ἡμίση D.36.36 (cod. S), al., IG22.1678.23, Thphr.Char.30.16, IG12 (5).872.107 (Tenos), SIG2588.4(Delos, ii B.C.), etc.: Ion. fem. ἡμίσεᾰ Hdt.5.111 (hyperion. -σέη Luc.Syr.D.14), acc. pl. -έας Hdt.8.27, also acc. sg. ἡμίσεαν IG2.1055.16, 1059.14, gen. ἡμισέας Pl.Men.83c: ἥμυσυς (assim.), Rev.Phil.54.192 (Erythrae, v B.C.), IG22.43A45 (iv B.C.), PEleph.20.40(iv B.C.), IG11(2).161A23(Delos, iii B.C.), UPZ 54.6(ii B.C.), etc.: neut. ἥμισον, τό, Berl.Sitzb.1927.8 (Locr., v B.C.), SIG1011.7 (Chalcedon, iii/ii B.C.), ib.671 A13 (Delph., ii B.C.), BGU 183.41 (i A.D.): pl. ἥμισα SIG56.7 (Argos, v B.C.); also ἥμισσον, τό, ib.306.14 (Arc., iv B.C.), 1009.20 (Ephesus, iii/ii B.C.): pl. ἥμισσα ib. 240P (Delph., iv B.C.): acc. pl. τοὺς ἡμίσους Not.Arch.4.20 (Cyrene, Aug.):—
half,

I. as Adj., ἡμίσεες λαοί half the people, ἡ. δ' ἄρα λαοὶ ἐρητύοντο ..ἡ. δ' ἀναβάντες ἐλαύνομεν Od.3.155 sq., cf. Il.21.7 (elsewh. Hom. uses only neut. ἥμισυ as Subst. (v. infr. 11)); τοὺς ἡμίσεας ἀποστέλλειν Hdt.9.51, cf. Th.3.20, X.Cyr.2.16, etc.; ἥμισυς λόγος half the tale, A.Eu.428 (λόγου cod. Med.); τὸ ἥμισυ τεῖχος Th.2.78; ὁ ἥ. ἀριθμός Pl.Lg.946a: c. gen., like a Comp., τὸ ὕψος ἥμισυ ἐτελέσθη οὗ διενοεῖτο half of what he intended, Th.1.93: metaph., οὐδ' ἂν ἥμισυς ἑαυτοῦ γένοιτο πρὸς ἀρετήν Pl.Lg.647d (οὐ δι' ἥμισυν stands for οὐ διήμ. 'half-and-half', ib.806c).

2. in Prose also with the Subst. in gen. and giving its gender and number to ἥμισυς, τῶν νήσων τὰς ἡμισέας Hdt.2.10; τῶν ἀνδραπόδων τὰ ἡμίσεα Id.6.23; αἱ ἡμίσειαι τῶν νεῶν half of the ships, Th.8.8; οἱ ἡμίσεις τῶν ἄρτων X.Cyr.4.5.4; ὁ ἥμισυς τοῦ ἀριθμοῦ Pl.Phd.104a; τοῦ χρόνου D.20.8: abs., οἱ ἡ. half of them, Th.3.20.

II. as Subst. in neut., ἥ. τιμῆς, ἐνάρων, ἀρετῆς, Il.9.616, 17.231, Od.17.322; τὸ μὲν .., τὸ δ' ἥ. Il.13.565; πλέον ἥ. παντός Hes.Op.40, Pl.R.466c; ὑπὲρ ἥ. πάντων X.Cyr.3.3.47; ἥ. οὗ δεῖ Pl.Phd.77c, etc.; ἐν ἡμίσει τῆς νυκτός at midnight, LXXJd.16.3: usu. c. Art., τὸ ἥ. τοῦ στρατοῦ Th.4.83, etc.; also τὤμισυ Hes.Op.559, Schwyzer701 (Erythrae, v B.C.); θἤμισυ Ar.Lys.116: indecl., ἀπὸ τοῦ ἥ. LXXEx.30.15; τῷ ἥ. φυλῆς ib.Nu.32.33: pl., τῆς χορείας τὰ ἡμίσεα Pl.Lg.672e; ἄρτων ἡμίσεα X.An.1.9.26; ῥαφανίδων τὰ ἡ. Thphr.l.c.: after Numerals, ἐν δυοῖν καὶ ἡμίσει ἡμέρας IG22.1673.73; δεκατεττάρων καὶ ἡμίσους Str.2.5.39; μνῶν ..δώδεκα καὶ ἡμίσους D.H.4.17; τετραποδίαν μίαν καὶ ἥμισυ IG 12.373.28; without καί, μυριάδων ἑπτὰ ἡμίσους Plu.Mar.34: indecl., τριῶν ἥμισυ σταδίων Str.8.6.21, cf. PTeb.110.5 (i B.C.), Plu.Cat.Mi. 44, etc.: as Adv., ἥ. μὲν νύμφην .., ἥ. δ' αὖτε ὄφιν Hes.Th.298, cf. Pi.N.10.87: so in pl., τὰ μὲν ἡμίσεα φιλόπονος, τὰ δὲ ἡ. ἄπονος Pl.R. 535d: with Preps., οὐδ' εἰς ἥ. not half, Ar.Th.452: regul. Adv. ἡμισέως half-done, Pl.R.601c.

b. ἥμισυ, τό,= ἡμίεκτον, Hsch.

2. fem., ἡ ἡμίσεια (sc. μοῖρα), τῇ ἡμισείᾳ τῆς γῆς Th.5.31; ἡ ἡ. τοῦ τιμήματος Pl.Lg.956d; οὐ γὰρ ἐφ' ἡμισείᾳ χρηστὸν εἶναι δεῖ by halves, D. 19.277; ἐξ ἡμισείας Luc.Cat.1, Artem.1.26, S.E.M.10.145. (ἡμισυ- fr. ἡμιτυ-, ἡμισσο- fr. ἡμιτfο-, cf. ἡμίτεια, ἡμιτύεκτον; enlarged fr. ἡμι-.)