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ἥσσων, ἧσσον, gen. ονος; Att. ἥττων, Ion. ἥσσων (not ἕσσων) Hdt. (v. infr.), Democr.50, Hp.VC2: formed from ἦκα (prop. ἠσσ-, cf. ἤκιστος), but in sense Comp. of κακός, μικρός:

I. c. gen. pers., inferior; esp. in force, weaker, αἴθ' ὅσον ἥ. εἰμὶ τόσον σέο φέρτερος εἴην Il.16.722; of horses, 23.322, al.; ῥώμῃ ἥσσονες τῶν Περσέων Hdt.8 113, cf. 9.62; γυναικῶν ἥσσονες S.Ant.680; Κύπριδος E.Andr.631; ἔς τι in a thing, Hdt.3.102: c. inf. modi, ἥσς. τινὸς θέειν not so good at running, ib.105; οὐδενὸς ἥσς. γνῶναι second to none in judging, Th.2.60; ἱππεύειν ἥττ. τῶν ἡλίκων inferior to them in riding, X.Cyr. 1.3.15.

2. abs., οἱ ἥσς. the weaker party, A.Supp.203, 489; οὐχ ἥσσους γενέσθαι to have the best of it, Th.4.72; τὸ λαμβάνειν τὰ τῶν ἡττ. X.An.5.6.32: c. dat. modi, ἥσσονες ναυμαχίῃ Hdt.5.86: c. acc. modi, τὸν νοῦν ἥσς. S.El.1023, cf. X.Cyr.1.4.4; of things, τὸν ἥττω λόγον κρείττω ποιεῖν 'to make the worse appear the better cause', Pl.Ap.18b, cf. Ar.Nu.114: pl., οἱ ἥττους λόγοι ib.1042, Isoc.15.15; τὸ ἧσς. ἀδικία νέμεις E.Supp.379 (lyr.).

b. less, fewer, ἵνα πλείω μὲν ἀκούωμεν, ἥττονα δὲ λέγωμεν Zeno Stoic.1.68.

II. c. gen. rei, giving way or yielding to a thing, a slave to .., τοῦ τῆσδ' ἔρωτος εἰς ἅπανθ' ἥσς. S.Tr.489; τῶν αἰσχρῶν Id.Ant.747; ὀργῆς Id.Fr.929; γάμων E.IA1354; κέρδους Ar.Pl.363; ἡδονῶν Pl.Prt.353c; γαστρὸς ἢ οἴνου ἢ ἀφροδισίων ἢ πόνου ἢ ὕπνου X.Mem.1.5.1; χρημάτων Democr. l.c., Theopomp.Hist.121: generally, unable to resist, τοῦ πεπρωμένου E.Hel.1660; νόσων καὶ γήρως Lys.2.78; οἱ ἥττους τῶν πόνων [ἵπποι] X.Eq.Mag.1.3, 2.78.

III. neut. ἧσσον, ἧττον, as Adv., less, ὀλίγον δέ τί μ' ἧσς. ἐτίμα Od.15.365, cf. E.Hipp.264 (anap.); ἧσσόν τι Th. 3.75; ἧσς. ἑτέρων Id.1.84; ὁμοίως τε τρωθεὶς καὶ ἧσς. Hp.l.c.: mostly with Verbs, but also with Adjs., ἀριστοκρατίαι ..αἱ μὲν ἧττ., αἱ δὲ μᾶλλον μόνιμοι Arist.Pol.1307a14, cf. Mete.340b8: with a Comp., ἧττ. ἀκριβέστερον Id.Pr.957b8; ἧττ. εὐληπτοτέραν D.H.3.43 codd.: with neg., οὐχ ἧσς., οὐδ' ἧσς., not a whit less, just as much, A.Ch.181, 708, Th.1.8; οὐδὲν ἧσς., μηδὲν ἧσς., S.Aj.276, 1329; for τὸ μᾶλλον καὶ ἧττ., v. μάλα.