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ἡγεμον-ία, ἡ, leading the way, going first, Hdt.2.93; τῇ τῶν δυναστευόντων ἡ. by their example, Pl.Lg.711c.

II. authority, rule, of dynasties or nations, Hdt.1.7, 3.65, etc.; of a general or officer, Th.4.91; ἐν ἡγεμονίαις Id.7.15; ἡ ἡ. τῶν Ἰώνων τοῦ πολέμου Hdt.6.2; ἡ κατὰ πόλεμον ἡ., τῶν πολεμικῶν ἡ ἡ., Arist.Pol. 1285b9, 18; αἱ ἡ. τῶν στρατοπέδων Pl.Euthd.273c; τῶν ὀπισθοφυλάκων X.An.4.7.8; ἡ. δικαστηρίου presidency in a court, Aeschin.3.14; headship of a philosophical school, Phld.Acad.Ind.p.59 M.

2. political supremacy, ἡ ἡ. τῆς 'Ελλάδος X.HG7.1.33; παρ' ἑκόντων τῶν 'Ελλήνων τὴν ἡ. ἐλάβομεν Isoc.8.30; ἡ. ἡ κατὰ θάλατταν Id.12.67, cf. Arist. Ath.23.2; ἡ ἐν 'Αρείῳ πάγῳ βουλὴ οὐδενὶ δόγματι λαβοῦσα τὴν ἡ. ib.1, cf.Pol.1304a23; political leadership of an individual, ib.1296a39; γένος ὑπερέχον πρὸς ἡ. πολιτικήν ib.1288a9.

b. = Lat. imperium, Plu. Mar.36, D.C.60.17, etc.; Αἴγυπτον δήμου 'Ρωμαίων ἡγεμονίᾳ προσέθηκα Mon.Anc.Gr.15.1; τοῖς καλοῖς τῆς ἡ. νόμοις Ath.Mech.39.7; τριῶν τῶν μεγίστων ἡ. Plu.Luc.30; reign of an Emperor, Ev.Luc.3.1; office of prefect, POxy.237v6 (ii A.D.), al.

III. military unit, regiment, IG22.657 (pl.), PRein.9.13 (ii B.C.), Plu.Cam.23 (pl.); but αἱ μείζονες ἡ. the higher commands, Ael.Tact.10.4.

IV. chief thing, principal part, ἡ. τῆς τέχνης Diph.17.5.

V. a principality, LXX Ge.36.30; a Roman governorship, ἡ 'Ιλλυρίδος ἡ. Hdn.6.7.2, cf. 7.5.2; tenure of office of a governor, PRyl.77.36 (ii A.D.); ἡ Ἡ. the Government, PGrenf.2.73.11 (iii A.D.).