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in-cēdo, cessi, cessum (sync. perf. incesti, Plaut. Cas. 3, 6, 11), 3, v. n. and a., to go, step, or march along at a measured pace (class.).

I. Lit.

A. In gen.

(a). Neutr.: tenero et molli ingressu suspendimus gradum: non ambulamus, sed incedimus, Sen. Q. N. 7, 31: per vias, Plaut. Merc. 2, 3, 71; cf.: socios per ipsos, Verg. A. 5, 188: viā, Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 32: tota in urbe, Ov. F. 6, 653: quacumque incederet, Cic. Div. 1, 24, 49: quam taeter incedebat, quam truculentus, id. Sest. 8, 19: incessit deinde, qua duxit praedae spes, victor exercitus, Liv. 8, 36, 9: etiam si pedes incedat, memorabilem fore, id. 28, 9, 15: servi pedibus, liberi non nisi equis incedunt. i. e. walk ... ride, Just. 41, 3, 4; cf.: incedunt pueri, pariterque ante ora parentum Frenatis lucent in equis, Verg. A. 5, 553: a foro domum, Plaut. Most. 4, 3, 6: sessum impransum, id. Poen. prol. 10: qui huc incedit, id. Most. 1, 3, 152: ad me, id. Am. 1, 1, 179: huc ad nos, id. Trin. 5, 2, 27; cf.: undique nuntii incedunt, qui afferrent, etc., Tac. A. 11, 32: ut ovans praeda onustus incederem, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 146: vix incedo inanis, ne ire posse cum onere existumes, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 174: quem modo decoratum ovantemque victoria incedentem vidistis, Liv. 1, 16, 10; 2, 6, 7: claro honore, Lucr. 3, 76: omnibus laetitiis, Cic. Fam. 2, 9, 2: incedunt per ora vestra magnifici, Sall. J. 31, 10: ego quae divum incedo regina, who walk majestic as, who am, Verg. A. 1, 46; cf. Prop. 2, 2, 6: matrona incedit census induta nepotum, id. 3, 13, 11 (4, 12): ut mea Luxuria Nemesis fluat ut que per urbem Incedat donis conspicienda meis, Tib. 2, 3, 52.—

(b). With acc.: incedunt maestos locos, Tac. A. 1, 61: scaenam, id. ib. 14, 15: fontem aquae nando, id. ib. 14, 22.—

B. In partic., in milit. lang., to move forwards, advance, march: barbari in perculsos Romanos acrius incedere, Sall. J. 101, 7: in erumpentes, Liv. 9, 21: cohortes paulatim incedere jubet, Sall. C. 60, 1: munito agmine, id. J. 46, 6: agmen reliquum incedere coepit, Liv. 21, 33, 1: segnius Hispanorum signa incedebant, id. 28, 14, 18: Sabini usque ad portas urbis populantes incessere, id. 2, 63, 7: propius incedentes, Tac. A. 4, 47: quod gnarum duci incessitque itineri et proelio paratus, id. ib. 1, 51 (Ritter, but Halm omits paratus).—

II. Trop.

A. In gen. (rare): malitiae lenonis contra incedam, will encounter, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 31: facilius ad inventionem animus incedet si, etc., will proceed to, Cic. Inv. 2, 14, 45 Orell. N. cr.

B. In partic.

1. To triumph over, exult over; with dat.: meo nunc superbus incedis malo, Hor. Epod. 15, 18: ille superbus incedet victis rivalibus, Juv. 12, 126.—

2. Of inanim. and abstr. subjects, to come to, happen to, befall, attack, seize one; to approach, arrive, appear, occur (perh. not in Cic.); constr. with dat., acc., in and acc., or absol.

(a). With dat. (so most freq.): exercitui omni tantus incessit ex incommodo dolor, ut, etc., Caes. B. C. 3, 74, 1: magnus omnium incessit timor animis, id. ib. 2, 29, 1: mulieres, quibus belli timor insolitus incesserat, etc., Sall. C. 31, 3 Kritz N. cr.; id. H. 2, 60: gravior cura patribus incessit, Liv. 4, 57, 10: incedebat enim deterrimo cuique licentia, Tac. A. 3, 36: cupido incessit animo, Curt. 7, 11, 4; 3, 1, 16: si sterilitas annorum incessit hominibus, Col. 2, 10, 1; Val. Max. 1, 8, 5.—

(b). With acc.: ipsum ingens cupido incesserat Tarenti potiundi, Liv. 24, 13, 5: timor patres incessit, ne, etc., id. 1, 17, 4; 2, 7, 1; 2, 32, 1; 7, 39, 4 et saep.: indignatio hostes incessit, id. 3, 60: adversa valetudo aliquem, Tac. A. 3, 71: ingens animos desperatio incessit, Curt. 4, 2, 16; 3, 8, 25: stupor omnes et admiratio incessit, Just. 22, 6, 11: cupido incessit aliquem (with acc. and inf.), Sulp. Sev. Chron. 1, 38, 6; 2, 16, 3.—

(g). With in and acc.: vis morbi, pestilentia incedit in castra, in Poenos Romanosque, Liv. 29, 10, 3: pestilentia incesserat pari clade in Romanos Poenosque, id. 28, 46, 15.—

(d). Absol.: nova nunc religio unde istaec incessit? Ter. And. 4, 3, 15: tantus eo facto timor incessit, Caes. B. C. 3, 101; Auct. B. Alex. 7: postquam tenebrae incedebant, Tac. A. 15, 37; cf.: ubi crepusculum incesserit, Col. 11, 1, 18: ubi tempestas incessit, id. 12, 2, 5: frigora, id. 12, 52, 12: siccitates, id. 5, 9, 11: lascivia atque superbia incessere, Sall. J. 41, 3: ubi Romam legati venere, tanta commutatio incessit, uti, etc., id. ib. 13, 7: religio deinde incessit, vitio eos creatos, Liv. 8, 17, 4: ubi pro modestia ac pudore ambitio et vis incedebat, Tac. A. 3, 26: haud invito imperatore ea fieri occultus rumor incedebat, went abroad, spread about, id. ib. 2, 55 fin.