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instĭtŭo, ŭi, ūtum (institivi, Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 2), 3, v. a. [in-statuo].

I. To put or place into, to plant, fix, set (cf.: instruo, informo; class.): vestigia nuda sinistri Instituere pedis, Verg. A. 7, 690.— Trop.: argumenta in pectus multa institui, I have put, i. e. formed in my heart, Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 2: quemquamne hominem in animum instituere, aut parare, i. e. to set his heart on (al. in animo), Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 13.—

2. To set up, erect, plant, establish, arrange: vestigia, Lucr. 4, 474: arborem, Suet. Galb. 1: pratum, Col. 2, 18, 3: jugera tercenta, ubi institui vineae possunt, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 67: portorium vini, to lay on, impose, id. Font. 5: instituit officinam Syracusis in regia maximam, founded, erected, id. Verr. 2, 4, 24, 54: mercatum, id. Phil. 3, 12: codicem et conscribere, id. Rosc. Com. 2: bibliothecam, Plin. 35, 2, 2, 10. —

B. In gen., to make, fabricate, construct: magnus muralium pilorum numerus instituitur, Caes. B. G. 5, 39: naves, to build, id. ib. 5, 11: pontem, to construct, id. ib. 4, 18: turres, id. ib. 5, 52: amphora coepit institui, Hor. A. P. 22: convivia, Suet. Tit. 7: longiorem sermonem, to hold, Caes. B. G. 5, 37: delectum, id. B. C. 1, 16: remiges ex provincia, to obtain, procure, id. B. G. 3, 9.—

2. To prepare, furnish, provide (viands, food, a feast, etc.): dapes, Verg. A. 7, 109: convivium, Just. 12, 13, 6: convivia jucunda, Suet. Tit. 7.—

II. Trop.

A. To institute, found, establish, organize, set up (of institutions, governments, etc.); cf.: ibi regnum magnum institutum, Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 30: quo in magistratu non institutum est a me regnum, sed repressum, Cic. Sull. 7, 21: so, magistratum, id. Att. 6, 1, 8: de civitatibus instituendis littera, id. de Or. 1, 19, 86: civitatis formam, Tac. H. 4, 8: is id regnum cum fratribus suis instituit, Lact. 1, 13, 14: ab instituta gente, Amm. 17, 13, 27: collegium figulorum, Plin. 35, 12, 46, 159: aerarium militare, Suet. Aug. 49: stipendia, id. Claud. 5.—So of holidays, games, etc.: ferias diesque festos, Plin. 18, 29, 69, 284: Saturnalia institutus festus dies, Liv. 2, 21, 2: sacros ludos, Ov. M. 1, 446.—

B. To institute, appoint one, esp. as heir or to an office: qui me cum tutorem, tum etiam secundum heredem instituerit, Cic. Fam. 13, 61: Populum Romanum tutorem, id. de Or. 1, 53, 228: magistratum, id. Att. 6, 1; Suet. Caes. 83; id. Vitel. 6; id. Claud. 1; Just. 7, 2, 5; Plin. Ep. 5, 1, 9.—

C. With ut, to ordain that: Arcesilas instituit, ut ii, qui, etc., Cic. Fin. 2, 1, 2: ut fierent quaestores), Liv. 4, 4; Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 58.—With the simple subj.: instituit, quotannis subsortitio a praetore fieret, Suet. Caes. 41.—

D. To take upon one's self, to undertake: ubi cenas hodie, si hanc rationem instituis? Plaut. Stich. 3, 1, 26: cum Zenone Arcesilas sibi omne certamen instituit, Cic. Ac. 1, 12.—

E. To undertake, begin, commence: id negotium institutum est, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 103: si diligentiam, quam instituisti, adhibueris, id. ib. 16, 20: perge tenere istam viam, quam instituisti, Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 14: ad hunc ipsum quaedam institui, Cic. Ac. 1, 1, 2: historia nec institui potest sine, etc., id. Leg. 1, 3, 9: iter, Hor. C. 3, 27, 5.— With inf.: ut primum Velia navigare coepi, institui Topica conscribere, Cic. Fam. 7, 19 init.: flagitare, id. ib. 10, 16, 1: si quae non nupta mulier virorum alienissimorum conviviis uti instituerit, begun, made it a practice, id. Cael. 20, 49: recitare omnia, Suet. Aug. 84. —

F. Of troops, to draw up, arrange: tu actionem instituis, ille aciem instruit, Cic. Mur. 9: quartae aciei quam instituerat, signum dedit, Caes. B. C. 3, 93, 5.—

G. To provide, procure: quaestum, Cic. Quint. 3: aliquos sibi amicos, id. Verr. 2, 4, 9, 21: animum ad cogitandum, apply, Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 10. —

H. To purpose, determine, resolve upon: in praesentia (Caesar) similem rationem operis instituit, Caes. B. C. 1, 42, 1. —With inf.: senex scribere historias instituit, Nep. Cat. 3: quaerere tempus ejus interficiendi, id. Alcib. 5: montanos oppugnare, Liv. 28, 46: habere secum, Caes. B. G. 7, 13, 1: coronas ad ipsum mittere, Suet. Ner. 22.— With object-clause: frumentum plebi dari, Vell. 2, 6, 3.—

I. To order, govern, administer, regulate: sapienter vitam instituit, Ter. And. 1, 1, 40: libri de civitatibus instituendis, Cic. de Or. 1, 19, 86: mores, Quint. 1, 2, 2: familiam, id. 10, 3, 9.—

K. To teach, instruct, train up, educate: sic tu instituis adulescentes? Cic. Cael. 17, 39: oratorem, Quint.1, 1, 21.—With inf.: Latine loqui, Col. 1, 1, 12: Pan primus calamos cerā conjungere plures Instituit, Verg. E. 2, 32; 5, 30; id. G. 1, 148: amphora fumum bibere instituta Consule Tullo, Hor. C. 3, 8, 11: cum tibiis canere voce instituit, Plin. 7, 56, 57, 204.—With abl.: aliquem disciplinis Graecis, Quint. 1, 1, 12: lyrā, id. 1, 10, 13: disciplina Romana, Suet. Caes. 24.—With ad: aliquem ad dicendum, Cic. de Or. 2, 39, 162: aliquem artibus et moribus, Juv. 14, 74: filios instituere atque erudire ad majorum instituta, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 69; 161: ad lectionem, Quint. 1, 7, 17.— With ut or ne and subj.: quem tu a puero sic instituisses, ut nobili ne gladiatori quidem faveret, Cic. Quint. 21, 69: pueros, ut, etc., Suet. Tib. 44; id. Aug. 64: nos, ne quem coleremus, etc., Sall. J. 14, 18.—Of animals: boves, Col. 6, 2, 8 al.