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languor, ōris, m. [langueo], faintness, feebleness, weariness, sluggishness, languor, lassitude.

I. Lit.

A. In gen. (class.; cf.: torpor, torpedo, veturnus): ubi saepe ad languorem tua duritia dederis octo validos lictores. Plaut. As. 3, 2, 28: haec deambulatio me ad languorem dedit, has fatigued me, Ter. Heaut. 4, 6, 3: (animus) cum languore corporis nec membris uti nec sensibus potest, on account of lassitude of the body, Cic. Div. 2, 62, 128: languore militum et vigiliis periculum augetur, Caes. B. G. 5, 31.— In plur., Cat. 55, 31.—Transf., of things, of the faintness, paleness of colors, Plin. 37, 9, 46, 130.—Poet., of the sea, stillness, calmness: et maria pigro fixa languore impulit, Sen. Agm. 161.—

B. In partic., faintness, weakness, languor proceeding from disease (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): aquosus, dropsy, Hor. C. 2, 2, 15: languor faucium, Suet. Ner. 41: in languorem incidit, id. Tib. 72: ipsum languorem peperit cibus imperfectus, Juv. 3, 233: vere languores nostros ipse tulit, Vulg. Isa. 53, 4: a languoribus sanari, id. Luc. 6, 18.—

II. Trop., faintness, dulness, sluggishness, apathy, inactivity, listlessness (class.): languori se desidiaeque dedere, Cic. Off. 1, 34, 123: languorem afferre alicui, opp. acuere, id. ib. 3, 1, 1; id. Phil. 7, 1, 1: bonorum, id. Att. 14, 6, 2: in languorem vertere, Tac. H. 2, 42: amantem languor Arguit, Hor. Epod. 11, 9; cf. Val. Fl. 7, 194.