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λανθάνω, Pi.Fr.75.13, etc.:—
also λήθω (which is the form of the Act. generally used in compds., δια-λανθάνω being the sole exception), Il.23.323, S.OT1325 (lyr.), X.Smp.4.48; Dor. λάθω [ᾱ] S.El. 222 (lyr.); inf.λᾱθέμεν Pi.O.1.64: impf. ἐλάνθανον Il.13.721, etc.; ἔληθον Od.19.151, S.El.1359; Ep. λῆθον Il.15.461; Ion. λήθεσκεν 24.13: fut. λήσω Od.11.102, Ar.Ec.98, etc.; Aeol.inf. λᾱ́σην Alc.Supp.22.8; Dor. λᾱσῶ Theoc.14.9, al., so (in late writers) λήσομαι, v. infr. c. 11: aor. 1 ἔλησα Nic.Al.280 (but Hom. has ἐπ-έλησα, Alc. ἐξ-έλᾱσα, in causal sense): aor. 2 ἔλᾰθον Il.17.676, etc. (for λέλᾰθον, v. infr. B): pf. λέληθα Semon.7.9, Sol.13.27; Aeol.part.λελᾱ́θων Alc.Supp.26.8: plpf. ἐλελήθειν, Att. -ήθη, Th.8.33, Ar.Eq.822, Nu.380, Luc.Pr.Im. 15; Ion.3sg. ἐλελήθεε Hdt.6.79.

B. causal ληθάνω, aor. 2 λέλᾰθον, v. infr. B.

C. Med. and Pass., λανθάνομαι Arist.Po.1455a25 (s.v.l.), λήθομαι Il.11.790, A.Ag.39; Dor. λάθομαι [ᾱ] Pi.O.8.72: Ep. impf. λανθανόμην Od.12.227: fut. λήσομαι 1.308; Dor. λᾱσεῦμαι Theoc.4.39, also λελήσομαι E.Alc.198: aor. 1 ἐλησάμην or λησάμην only in late Ep., Maiist.47, Mosch.3.62 (Dor. λᾱς-), Q.S.3.99, etc.; also ἐλήσθην, Dor. inf. λασθῆμεν Theoc.2.46, cf. διαλανθάνω: aor. 2 ἐλᾰθόμην, Ep. λαθ-, Il.13.835, E.Hipp.289: rare in Prose exc. in compds., Plu.Caes.38; also Ep. redupl. λελάθοντο, etc., v. infr. c: pf. λέλησμαι S.El.342, Pl.Phdr.252a; Ep. λέλασμαι, part. λελασμένος, etc.; cf. ἐπιλήθω.

A. in most of the act. tenses, escape notice (freq. joined with a neg.):—
Constr.:

1. c. acc. pers. only, escape his notice, λάθε δ' Ἕκτορα Il.22.277; οὐδέ σε λήσει 23.326; οὐ λῆθε Διὸς πυκινὸν νόον 15.461, cf. Od.11.102, al.; [τοῦτον] οὐκ ἔστι λαθεῖν ὄμματα φωτός A.Ag. 796 (anap.); οὐ λάθει μ' ὀργά S.El.222 (lyr.), cf. Ph.207 (lyr.); τουτί μ' ἐλελήθειν Ar.Nu.380; εἰ λανθάνει σε perhaps you don't know, Men. Sam.78: impers., λεληθέναι οὐ θαυμάζω τὸ πλῆθος περὶ τούτου it escaped the notice of the people, X.Hier.2.5; σὲ δὲ λέληθεν περὶ τοῦτο ὡς ..Pl. Lg.903c.

2. most freq. with a part. added, in which case we usually translate the part. by a Verb, and express λανθάνω by an Adv., unawares, without being observed; either,

a. c. acc. pers., ἄλλον τινὰ λήθω μαρνάμενος I am unseen by others while fighting, i.e. 1 fight unseen by them, Il.13.273; πάντας ἐλάνθανε δάκρυα λείβων Od.8.93, cf. 12.17, 220, 19.88, al., Pi.O.1.64, 6.36, Hdt.8.25: freq. in Trag. and Att., μὴ λάθῃ με προσπεσών lest he come on unseen by me, S.Ph.46, cf. 156 (lyr.); ὅπως μὴ λήσουσιν αὐτοὺς αἱ νῆες ..ἀφορμηθεῖσαι should put to sea without their observing them, Th.8.10; or,

b. without an acc., φονέα ἐλάνθανε βόσκων he maintained the murderer unawares, Hdt.1.44; λέληθας ἐχθρὸς ὤν S.OT415; δουλεύων λέληθας Ar.V. 517; συνέβη δὲ ὑπερημέρῳ γενομένῳ λαθεῖν D.21.89: the reflex. Pron. may be supplied and is sts. added, λέληθεν αὑτὸν τοῖς ξυνοῦσιν ὢν βαρύς S.Fr.103; ἕως σαυτὸν λάθοις διαρραγείς Ar.Pax32, cf. Nu.242, X.An.6.3.22: sts., however, a different object must be supplied from the context, βάλλοντες ἐλάνθανον (not ἑαυτούς, but Τρῶας) Il. 13.721; ἐλάνθανε [πάντας] ἔχων Hdt.8.5; μὴ διαφθαρεὶς λάθῃ [τινὰ ὁ βίος] S.Ph.506; μὴ λάθῃ [ἡμᾶς] φύγδα βάς A.Eu.256 (lyr.), cf. Th. 4.133, etc.—
In a few examples this constr. is reversed, and λαθών is put in the part., as in our idiom, ἀπὸ τείχεος ἆλτο λαθών (for ἔλαθεν ἁλόμενος) Il.12.390; ἣ ..λήθουσά μ' ἐξέπινες S.Ant.532.

3. rarely c. acc. et inf., μή σε λαθέτω ὑπερτιθέμεν let it not escape thee to .., i.e. forget not to .., Pi.P.5.23; ἔλαθεν αὐτὸν σύνθημα δοῦναι Plu.Arist. 17; σφᾶς λέληθε Θεόδωρον εἶναι it has been unnoticed that it was .., Paus.9.41.1.

4. folld. by a relat. clause, οὐδέ με λήθεις, ὅττι θεῶν τίς σ' ἦγε thou escapest me not, it is not unknown to me, that some god led thee, Il.24.563; οὐδέ ἑ λήθει, ὅππως ..23.323; ἐδόκεες θεοὺς λήσειν οἷα ἐμηχανῶ thou thought'st to escape the gods' notice in .., Hdt.8.106; οὔκουν με ..οἷα πράττεις λανθάνει Ar.Eq.465; οὐ λανθάνεις με, ὅτι ..X.Mem.3.5.24, cf. Smp.3.6, 13; ὁ γείτων λ. τινὰ οὐ μόνον ὅτι πράττει, ἀλλ' εἰ ..Pl.Tht.174b.

5. abs., escape notice or detection, S.Tr.455, Th.1.37, 69, al.; λάθε βιώσας Epicur.Fr.551; λανθάνει τὸ οὖρον προσπῖπτον Hp.Coac.464.

B. causal, make one forget a thing, c. gen. rei, in compds. ἐκληθάνω, ἐπι-λήθω; the simple Verb only in Ep. redupl. aor. 2, ὄφρα ..λελάθῃ ὀδυνάων that ..he may cause him to forget his pains, Il.15.60; πόλιν λελάθοιτε συντυχιᾶν Lyr.Adesp.140.9: but

II. in late Ep., λέλαθον, = ἔλαθον, escaped notice of, ἑὸν νόον, τοκῆας, A.R.2.226, 3.779, cf. Orph.A.876.

C. Med. and Pass., let a thing escape one, forget,

1. forget simply, in pres. (abs.), σὺ δὲ λήθεαι Il.11.790: c. gen., Κίρκης μὲν ἐφημοσύνης ..λανθανόμην Od.12.227, cf. Pi.O.8.72; οὔ ποτε λήσομαι αὐτῶν Od.1.308; ἄλγος, οὗ ποτ' οὐ λελήσεται E.Alc.198: mostly in aor. 2, ἀλκῆς λαθέσθαι A.Supp.731; νόστου τε λαθέσθαι Od.9.97; πῶς ἂν ..Ὀδυσῆος ..λαθοίμην; 1.65: also in redupl. aor., οὐδὲ σέθεν ..θεοὶ μάκαρες λελάθοντο Il.4.127; μή τίς μοι ἀπειλάων λελαθέσθω 16.200; οὐ δυνάμην λελαθέσθ' Ἄτης 19.136 (but in Hes.Th.471 like the Act., ὅπως λελάθοιτο τεκοῦσα that she might bear unknown): so in pf., τῶν δὲ λέλασται Il.5.834; ἐμεῖο λελασμένος 23.69; κείνου λελῆσθαι S. El.342, etc.; ἑταίρων πάντων λέλησται Pl.Phdr.252a: with a relat. clause, λελασμένος ὅσσ' ἐπεπόνθει Od.13.92: fut. Med. in pass. sense, once in S., οὐδέ ποτε λησόμενον οἷον ἔφυ κακόν never will be forgotten, El.1249 (lyr.); cf. ἐπιλανθάνω.

2. forget purposely, pass over, ἢ λάθετ' ἢ οὐκ ἐνόησεν either he chose to forget it .., Il.9.537; μαθοῦσιν αὐδῶ, κοὐ μαθοῦσι λήθομαι A.Ag.39.

II. in later writers fut. Med. is used like Act., escape notice, ἡμᾶς Arist.APr.66a31, cf. A.R.3.737, Luc.Sacr.14: abs., Alciphr.3.52.