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λῐπᾰρ-ός, ά, όν, (λίπα) prop. oily, shiny with oil, once in Hom., anointed, λιπαροὶ κεφαλὰς καὶ καλὰ πρόσωπα Od.15.332; λ. χωρεῖν ἐκ βαλανείου Ar.Pl.616; θεᾶσθαι λιπαρὸν παρὰ τῷ Διονύσῳ Id.Eq.536, cf. Nu.1002; σοὶ δὲ μελήσει ..λιπαρῷ (Bentl. for -ρῶς) χωρεῖν ἐπὶ δεῖπνον Id.Ec.652; of oil or oily objects, shiny, Simon.148.4, X.Mem. 2.1.31, Pl.Ti.60a, 84a, Arist.HA520a27.

2. fatty, greasy, ἄρτος Ar.Fr.109; τὰ λ. unctuous dishes, ib.506.1; τὸ λ. fatty substance, Arist.PA651a24; λιπαραί (sc. ἔμπλαστροι), αἱ, oily plasters, Dsc.1.112, Gal.12.468: sts. opp. τὸ πῖον (which implies resinous substance), Arist.Mete.387b6, cf. Col.791b23; of vegetables boiled in grease, Hp. Mul.1.66. Adv. -ρῶς, ἕψειν boil in grease, Hp.Mul. l. c.; so λ. ἠρτυμένον Gal.9.677; ἀνατρίβειν massage with a greasy or oily lubricant, Hp.Art.9.

II. of the healthy look of the human body or skin, shining, sleek, in Hom. in phrase λιπαροὶ πόδες bright, smooth feet, without a wrinkle on the skin, mostly of men's feet, in the line ποσσὶ δ' ὑπὸ λιπαροῖσιν ἐδήσατο καλὰ πέδιλα Il.2.44, al.; of Hera, 14.186; of Themis, Hes.Th.901; -ώτεροι ἐγένοντο Hdt.3.23; λ. στῆθος Ar.Nu. 1012; θηρία X.Cyr.1.4.11; χείλεα Luc.Am.13; radiant, θυγάτηρ Χρόνου B.7.1; ἄκοιτις Id.5.169.

III. of condition or state of life, rich, comfortable, easy, γῆρας Od.11.136, 19.368, Pi.N.7.99; λ. εὐφροσύνη AP11.63 (Maced.). Adv. -ρῶς, γηρασκέμεν Od.4.210; πλήσαντα λ. κύκλον ἐτῶν ἑκατόν Epigr.Gr.451.

IV. of things, bright, brilliant, λιπαρὴ καλύπτρη Il.22.406; λ. κρήδεμνα Od.1.334, etc.; χοροί Hes.Th.63; of city walls, Od.13.388; λ. δόμος B.15.29; νίκα Id.10.38; στέφανοι Id.1.47; λιπαρὰς τελέουσι θέμιστας splendid or rich tribute, Il.9.156,298; also, of the oily smoothness of a calm sea, λ. γαλάνα Theoc.22.19, cf. Call.Epigr.6.5; also σέλας Theoc.23.8; and of smells, λ. ὀσμή rich, savoury, Arist. de An.421a30, cf. Sens.443b10.

V. of soil, fat, rich, fruitful, as epith. of places, Χίος, ἣ νήσων λιπαρωτάτη εἰν ἁλὶ κεῖται h.Ap.38; λ. πόλις Thgn.947; λ. Ὀρχομενός, Θῆβαι, Νάξος, Μαραθών, Pi.O.14.2, P.2.3, 4.88, O.13.110; λιπαραὶ Ἀθῆναι, favourite epith. with the Athenians, prob. with allusion to the Attic olive, first in Pi.I.2.20, Fr.76, cf. Ar.Ach.639, 640 (where he plays on the double sense of brilliant and greasy), Nu.300, Fr.110; λ. τὸ χρῆμα τῆς πόλεως, of Nephelococcygia, Id.Av.826; λ. χεύματα, of rivers, A.Supp.1028 (lyr.); λ. ὅρμος Call.Del.155; ἄντρον Orph.H. 59.4 (Hermann), etc.

VI. Adv. λῐπαρῶς, v. supr. 1, 111.