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λῡπ-έω, (λύπη) grieve, vex, whether in body or mind, τινα Hes. Op.401, Sapph.Supp.2.4, etc.; opp. εὐφραίνειν, E.Alc.239 (anap.); [ὁ θώραξ] λυπεῖ distresses by its weight, X.Mem.3.10.15: c.neut. Adj., λυπεῖν μηδὲν αὑτόν E.Cyc.338, cf. Hdt.8.144, X.Cyr.3.3.50; ταὐτὰ ταῦτα λυποῦντες, ἅπερ ἐγὼ ὑμᾶς ἐλύπουν Pl.Ap.41e: c. part., ἐλύπει αὐτὸν ἡ χώρα πορθουμένη X.An.7.7.12; οὐ σκοπεῖς ὅ τι μὴ λυπήσεις τοὺς ἄλλους ποιῶν D.21.135: folld. by interrog., καί μ' ἦμαρ ..λυπεῖ, τί πράσσει S.OT74, cf. El.59; οὐδὲν ἐλύπησεν [αὐτό], ὥστε μή ..does no harm .., Pl.Cra.393e; οὐδένα λυπήσας or -ασα, as formula in epitaphs, IG14.1857, 2.1868.

2. abs., cause pain or grief, ἄγαν γε λυπεῖς S.Aj.589, Ant.573, cf. OT1231; τὸ λυποῦν Antiph.107, Men.410.

3. in histor. writers, of cavalry and light troops, harass, annoy an army by constant attacks, Hdt.9.40, cf. 61, Th.6.66, X.HG6.3.14, An.2.3.23, etc.; λῃσταὶ ..τὴν Λακωνικὴν ἧσσον ἐλύπουν Th.4.53, cf. Ar.Av. 1427.

II. Pass. with fut. Med. (E.Med.474, etc.), to be grieved, distressed, λυπεῖσθαι φρένα Thgn.593 codd.; τῷ μήτε χαίρειν μήτε λυπεῖσθαι βροτούς A.Fr.266, cf. S.Aj.555, etc.; μήτε λυπέο μήτε ..be not distressed, Hdt.8.100; ὑπὸ θεραπαίνης ἐπίτηδες λ. Lys.1.11: c. acc. cogn., τὰς ἐσχάτας λ. λύπας Pl.Grg.494a, cf. Phd.85a; also διπλῇ τινι λύπῃ λ. Id.Phlb.36a: also c. acc. rei, grieve about a thing, S.Aj.1086; πρὸς τὰς ξυμφοράς Th.2.64; διά τι Pl.Phlb.52b; ἐπί τινι X.Mem.3.9.8: c. part., λυπῇ ..ἐστερημένη E.Med.286; ταῦτ' ἐλυπεῖθ' ὁρῶν D.18.217: abs., feel pain, E.Ion632, etc.; τὸ -ούμενον τῆς ψυχῆς Pl.Lg.689b; τὸ -εῖσθαι Id.Prt.354d.