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μανθάνω, Pi.P.3.80, etc.: fut. μᾰθήσομαι Thgn.35, Parm.1.31, A. Pr.926, S.Aj.667, OC1527, Pl.Phlb.53e, etc.; Dor. μᾰθεῦμαι dub. in Theoc.11.60; late μαθήσω Gal.13.450, Sect.Intr.9 (cod. L): aor. ἔμᾰθον Pi.N.7.18, etc.; Ep. ἔμμαθον Od.17.226, μάθον (v. infr.): pf. μεμάθηκα Anacr.74, Xenoph.10, Emp.17.9, Ar.Nu.1148, Pl.Euthphr.9c, etc.: plpf. ἐμεμαθήκη ib. 14c; 3sg. ἐμεμαθήκει Id.Men.86a; 3pl. μεμαθήκεσαν Hp.VM10:—
Pass., used by good writers only in pres., as Pl. Ti.87b, Men.88b.—
Hom. uses only the Ep. aor. forms μάθον, ἔμμαθες, ἔμμαθε:—
learn, esp. by study (but also, by practice, Simon.147, Arist.EN1103a32, Metaph.1049b31, 980b24; by experience, A.Ag.251 (lyr.), Arist.AP0.81a40), thrice in Hom., ἔργα κακά Od.17.226,18.362: c. inf., μάθον ἔμμεναι ἐσθλός Il.6.444: freq. later, οὐδὲ μαθόντες γινώσκουσιν Heraclit.17; ἀεὶ γὰρ ἡβᾷ τοῖς γέρουσιν εὖ μαθεῖν A.Ag. 584; ταλάντου τοῦτ' ἔμαθεν for a talent, Ar.Nu.876; οἱ μανθάνοντες learners, pupils, X.Mem.1.2.17; μ. τὰ Ὁμήρου ἔπη learn by heart, Id.Smp.3.5; μ. βέμβικα Ar.Av.1461; μ. τί τινος learn from .., Pi.P.3.80, A.Pr.701, S.OT575, etc.: with Preps., ἐσθλῶν ἄπ' ἐσθλὰ μαθήσεαι Thgn.l.c.; μ. καθ' Ὅμηρον Xenoph.l.c.; τι ἔκ τινος S.El.352; ἐκ ποίων ὀνομάτων μεμαθηκὼς ἦν τὰ πράγματα Pl.Cra.438a; παρά τινος A. Ag.859, S.Ant.1012, etc.; παρά τινος ὅτι ..Isoc.8.67; πρός τινος S. OC12; πρὶν μάθοιμ' εἰ ..Id.Ph.961: c. inf., learn to .., or how to .., Il. l.c., Pi.P.4.284, A.Pr.1068 (anap.), S.Aj.667; μ. σεαυτὸν αἰς χύνεσθαι Democr.244.

II. acquire a habit of, and in past tenses, to be accustomed to .., c. inf., Emp.17.9, Hp.VM10; τοὺς μεμαθηκότας ἀριστᾶν Id.Acut.28; τὸ μεμαθηκός that which is usual, πρότερον ἢ ὕστερον τοῦ μ. Id.Mul.2.128; ἀργαὶ μανθάνουσι acquire a habit of idleness, �; Ep.Ti.5.13.

III. perceive, remark, notice, τὸ πλῆθος Hdt.7.208; ἀλλήλους μ. ὁπόσοι εἴησαν X.HG2.1.1.

2. freq. c. part., μ. τὴν νέα ἐμβαλοῦσαν Hdt.8.88; ἔμαθον ταῦτα πρησσόμενα Id.1.160; ἵνα μάθῃ σοφιστὴς ὤν A.Pr.62; μὴ μάθῃ μ' ἥκοντα S.Ph.13, cf. E.Ba.1113; μάνθανε ὤν know that you are, S.El.1342; διαβεβλημένος οὐ μανθάνεις Hdt.3.1; εἰ μὴ μανθάνετε κακὰ σπεύδοντες Th.6.39.

3. with ὅτι, Pl.R.394b; with ὡς, Th.1.34, etc.

IV. understand (cf Pl.Euthd.277e), ὡς μάθω σαφέστερον A.Ch.767; ὄψ' ἐμάθεθ' ἡμᾶς E.Ba.1345; τὰλεγόμενα Lys.10.15, etc.: c. dat. pers., εἴ μοι μανθάνεις if you take me, Pl. R.394c: freq. in Dialogue, μανθάνεις; d'ye see? Answ., πάνυ μανθάνω perfectly! Ar.Ra.195, cf. Pl.Men.84d. Tht.174b; εἶεν, μανθάνω Id.R.372e, cf. Phd.117b, etc.

V. τί μαθών ..; freq. in questions, lit. under what persuasion, with what idea? hence ironically for why on earth? τί δὴ μ. φαίνεις ἄνευ θρυαλλίδος; Ar.Ach.826, cf. Nu.402, 1506, Lys.599, Pl.908; τί τοῦτο μ. προσέγραψεν; D.20.127 (sts. with v.l. τί παθών; what possessed you to ..? cf. πάσχω); imitated in later Greek, Ael.Fr.67; also indirectly, because (with a sense of disapprobation), ὅ τι μαθόντες τοὺς ξένους μὲν λέγετε ποιητὰς σοφούς Eup.357; ὅ τι μαθὼν ..οὐχ ἡσυχίαν ἦγον Pl.Ap.36b; σοὶ εἰς κεφαλήν, ὅ τι μαθών μου καὶ τῶν ἄλλων καταψεύδη τοιοῦτο πρᾶγμα Id.Euthd.283e, cf. 299a: even with neut. subject, ὅμως δ' ἂν κακὰ ἦν, ὅ τι μαθόντα χαίρειν ποιεῖ Id.Prt.353d.