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μέρος, εος, τό, (μείρομαι) first in h.Cer.399 (v. infr. IV), h.Merc.53 (v. infr. II.2):—
share, portion, Pi.O.8.77, Hdt.1.145, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.167 (Cyrene), etc.; μέρος ἔχοντα Μουσᾶν B.3.71; ἔχει δόμων μ. E.Ph.483; κτεάνων μ. A.Ag.1574 (anap.); συμβαλέσθαι τὸ μ. D.41.11; τὰ μ. τινῶν κομίζεσθαι ibid.; λαβεῖν τῆς μεθόδου τὸ μ. Arist. Pol.1295a3; of work put out to contract, allotment, IG22.463.7, 26.

2. heritage, lot, destiny, μεθέξειν τάφου μ. A.Ag.507; ἔχετον κοινοῦ θανάτου μ. S.Ant.147 (anap.); τοῦτο γὰρ ..σπάνιον μ. is a rare portion, E.Alc.474 (lyr.); ἀπὸ μέρους προτιμᾶσθαι from considerations of rank or family, Th.2.37.

II. one's turn, ἐπείτε αὐτῆς μ. ἐγίνετο τῆς ἀπίξιος Hdt.3.69; μ. ἑκατέρῳ νέμειν Id.2.173; ὅταν ἥκῃ μ. ἔργων the turn or time for .., A.Ch.827 (lyr.), cf. Pl.R.540b; ἀγγέλου μ. his turn of duty as messenger, A.Ag.291.

2. with Preps., ἀνὰ μέρος in turn, successively, E.Ph.478, Arist.Pol.1287a17; κατὰ μέρος h.Merc.53, Th.4.26, etc.; κατὰ μ. λέγειν severally, Pl.Tht.157b; κατὰ μέρη ἄκουε ib.182b; τὰ κατὰ μέρος the particulars, Phld.Sign. 23, D.1.22; τὸ κατὰ μ. ἄστρον ib.3.9; ἐν μέρεϊ in turn, Hdt.1.26, al.; κλῦθί νυν ἐν μ., ἀντάκουσον ἐν μ., A.Ch.332 (lyr.), Eu.198; by turns, in succession, Id.Ag.332, 1192, Th.8.93; ἐν μ. καὶ ἐφεξῆς Pl. Lg.819b; ἐν τῷ μέρει in one's turn, Hdt.5.70, E.Or.452, Ar.Ra.32, 497, Pl.Grg.462a; ἐν τῷ μ. καὶ παρὰ τὸ μ. in and out of turn, X.An. 7.6.36; παρὰ μέρος in turn, by turns, ἄρχειν Plu.Fab.10, cf. Ant. Lib.30.1, Nicom.Ar.1.8.10, Iamb.in Nic.p.33 P.; [ἡ ψυχὴ] παρὰ μ. ἐν τῇ γενέσει γίνεται καὶ ἐν τοῖς θεοῖς ἐστιν Procl.Inst.206 (but also, partially, Alciphr.3.66).

III. the part one takes in a thing, μέτεστι χὑμῖν τῶν πεπραγμένων μ. E.IT1299; ὑμέτερον μ. [ἐστί] c. inf., Pl.La.180a.

2. freq. in periphrases, τοὐμὸν μέρος, τὸ σὸν μ., my or thy part, i.e. simply I or me, thou or thee, ὅσον τὸ σὸν μ. S.OT1509, cf. Ant.1062, Pl.Cri.45d: abs. as Adv., τοὐμὸν μ. as to me, οὐ καμῇ τοὐμὸν μ. S.Tr.1215, cf. E.Heracl.678; τὸ σὸν μέρος as to thee, S.OC1366; τοὐκείνου μ. E.Hec.989: rarely, κατὰ τὸ σὸν μ. Pl.Ep. 328e.

IV. part, opp. the whole, ὡρέων τρίτατον μ. h.Cer.399, etc.; τρίτον κασιγνητᾶν μ., i. e. one of three sisters, Pi.P.12.11; μέρει τινὶ τῶν βαρβάρων Th.1.1; τὰ δύο μ. two-thirds, ib.104, Aeschin. 3.143, D.59.101; τρία μέρη .., τὸ δὲ τέταρτον Nic.Dam.130.17 J.; οὐδὲν ἂν μέρος οὖσαι φανεῖεν τῶν ..no fraction of .., i. e. infinitesimal compared with .., Isoc.5.43, cf.12.54; ὅσα ἄλλα μ. ἐντὸς τοῦ Ἴστρου parts of the country, regions, Th.2.96, cf. 4.98; ξυγκαταδουλοῦν ..τὸ τῆς θαλάσσης μ., i. e. the sea as their part of the business, Id.8.46: hence, branch, business, matter, Men.Epit.17, Pk.107, Plb.1.4.2, 1.20.8, al., PRyl.127 (i A.D.); τὰ τοῦ σώματος μέλη καὶ μ. Pl.Lg.795e; division of an army, X.An.6.4.23, etc.; class or party, Th.2.37, D.18.292; of the factions in the circus, πρασίνων μ. POxy.145.2 (vi A.D.); party in a contract or lawsuit, BGU168.24 (ii A.D.), PRein.44.34 (ii A.D.); caste, Str.15.1.39:—
special uses, in Geom., direction, ἐπὶ θάτερον μ. interpol. in Archim.Aequil.1.13, cf. Euc.1.27, al.: Arith., submultiple, Id.7 Def.3, 4; τὰ μ. the denominators of fractions, Hero *Stereom.2.14: Gramm., μ. τῆς λέξεως part of speech, Arist.Po.1456b20, D.H.Comp. 2: more freq. μ. λόγου D.T.634.4, A.D.Pron.4.6, al.; μ. λόγου, also, = word, S.E.M.1.159, Heph.1.4 (v. λόγος IX. 3 c); section of a document, Mitteis Chr.28.30 (iii B. C.), etc.

2. abs. as Adv., μέρος τι in part, Th.4.30, etc.; μέρος μέν τι .., μέρος δέ τι ..X.Eq.1.12; τὸ πλεῖστον μ. for the most part, D.S.22.10.

b. with Preps., κατά τι μέρος Pl.Lg.757e; κατὰ τὸ πολὺ μ. Id.Ti.86d; ἐκ μέρους in part, γινώσκομεν 1 Ep.Cor.13.9 (but ἐκ μ. τινός by the side of, LXX 1 Ki. 6.8; ἐκ μ. τῶν ὁρίων ib.Nu.20.16; ἐκ τοῦ ἑνὸς μέρους ib.8.2); ἐκ τοῦ πλείστου μ. for the most part, Hdn.8.2.4; ἀπὸ μέρους in part, Antip.Stoic.3.249, BGU1201.15 (i A.D.), 2 Ep.Cor.2.5; ἐπὶ μέρους Luc.Bis Acc.2; τὰς ἐπὶ μέρους γράφειν πράξεις special histories, Plb. 7.7.6; αἱ ἐπὶ μ. συντάξεις Id.3.32.10; πρὸς μέρος in proportion, Th. 6.22, D.36.32.

3. ἐν μέρει τινὸς τιθέναι, etc., to put in the class of .., consider as so and so, εἰ ἐν ἀρετῆς τιθεῖς μέρει τὴν ἀδικίαν Pl.R.348e; οὐ τίθημ' ἐν ἀδικήματος μ. D.23.148; also ἐν τεκμηρίου μ. ποιεῖσθαι τἀδίκημα Id.44.50; ἐν οὐδενὸς εἶναι μ. to be as no one, Id.2.18; μήτ' ἐν ἀνθρώπου μ. μήτ' ἐν θεοῦ ζῆν Alex.240.2; ἐν προσθήκης μ. as an appendage, D.11.8; ἐν ὑπηρέτου καὶ προσθήκης μ. γίγνεσθαι Id.3.31; ἐν χάριτος μ. Id.21.165; τοῦτ' ἐν εὐεργεσίας ἀριθμήσει μ. ib.166; ἐν ἰδιώτου μ. διαγαγεῖν Isoc.9.24; ὡς ἐν παιδιᾶς μ. Pl.R.424d; also εἰς εὐεργεσίας μέρος καταθέσθαι D.23.17.

4. in local sense, district, POxy.2113.25 (iv A.D.).

5. in Neo-Platonism, by way of species or element, ἐν μέρει καὶ ὡς στοιχεῖον Dam.Pr.193; οὕτω ὁ μέγας Ἰάμβλιχος ἐνόησεν τὸ ἓν ὂν ἐν μέρει ἑκάτερον ib.176; πάντα μὲν ἅμα, ἐν μέρει δὲ ἕκαστον Plot.3.6.18.