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mīlĭtĭa, ae (-āi, Lucr. 1, 29), f. [id.], military service, warfare, war.

I. Lit.: in militiae disciplinam profectus est, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 10, 28: militiam subterfugere, id. Off. 3, 26, 97: ferre, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 55: tolerare, Verg. A. 8, 516: munus militiae sustinere, Caes. B. G. 6, 18: militiae vacatio, exemption from military service, id. ib. 6, 14: militiae magna scientia, Sall. J. 63, 2: militiam discere, id. C. 7, 4: praeclara, Vell. 2, 5, 1: Pompeii, id. 2, 40, 1: adversus Graecos, Just. 20, 1, 3: lentas militias, Tib. 1, 3, 82: Cimbrica Teutonicaque, Vell. 2, 120, 1: militiae honorem, military honors, Juv. 7, 88.—

B. Esp.

1. Abl. militiā, in war, opp. togā, in peace, Juv. 10, 9.—

2. Gen. militiae, in military service, or on a campaign, in the field; freq. in phrase: domi militiaeque, at home and abroad, at home and with the army: quorum virtus fuerat domi militiaeque cognita, Cic. Tusc. 5, 19, 55; cf.: et domi et militiae, id. de Or. 3, 33, 134: militiae domique, Liv. 7, 32: militiae et domi, Ter. Ad. 3, 5, 49.—Also without domi, Cic. Leg. 3, 3, 6; Sall. J. 84, 2; Tac. H. 2, 5.—

C. Trop., of love: at confidentia militia illa militatur multo magis quam pondere, Plaut. Pers. 2, 2, 50; so of an inattentive lover: pro infrequente eum mittat militiā domum, id. Truc. 2, 1, 19.—

II. Transf.

A. Military spirit, courage, bravery: virilis militiae uxor, Flor. 4, 5.—

B. Concr., the soldiery, military (syn.: milites, exercitus, copiae): hic pars militiae, dux erat ille ducum, Ov. H. 8, 46: Romanae militiae decus, Val. Max. 1, 6, 11: cum omni militiā interficitur, Just. 32, 2, 2; Plin. 4, 14, 27, 97: qua (lex) maxima apud eos vis cogendae militiae erat, Liv. 4, 26, 3: magister militiae, general, id. 22, 23, 2: caelestis, Vulg. Luc. 2, 13.—So trop.: militia caeli, i. e. the heavenly bodies, Vulg. Act. 7, 42; id. Deut. 17, 3.—

C. A civil service, office, profession, employment, esp. a laborious one: hanc urbanam militiam respondendi, scribendi, etc., Cic. Mur. 9, 19: haec mea militia est, Ov. F. 2, 9.—Of swallows building their nests: eaque militia illis cum anno redit semper, Plin. 10, 33, 49, 95.—

D. Any special work of difficulty, requiring a great effort: completa est militia ejus, Vulg. Isa. 40, 2: arma militiae nostrae non carnalia, id. 2 Cor. 10, 4: bona, id. 1 Tim. 1, 18.—

E. Under the emperors (like miles), an office or employment at court, Prud. Cath. 19; Cod. Just. 3, 25.