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ὄπισθεν, in Ion. (Hdt.4.72, al., SIG46.65 (Halic., v B. C.), etc.) and late Att. (Luc.Am. 16, etc.) ὄπισθε before a conson., as also in Poets, E.Cyc.545, IT1333: poet. also ὄπῐθεν Il.6.181, al., Pi.O.10(11).35, A.Pers.1001 (lyr.):—
Adv.:

I. of Place, behind, at the back, opp. πρόσθε, Il.5.595; πρόσθε λέων ὄπιθεν δὲ δράκων μέσση δὲ χίμαιρα 6.181; ὄπισθεν καταλιπεῖν Od.10.209; μένειν Il.9.332, etc.; πέμψει οὖρον ὄ. Od.15.34; ὄπιθεν κομόωντες with long back-hair, Il.2.542; ὄπιθεν κομόωσαι ἔθειραι IG12(9).1179.9 (Euboea); ὄ. ἕπεσθαι, ἀκολουθεῖν, A. l. c., etc.; οἱ ὄπιθεν those who are left behind, e.g. at home, Od.11.66; but also, those who are in the rear, X.Cyr.2.2.8; εἰ τοὺς ὄ. ἐς τὸ πρόσθεν ἄξομεν shall bring the rear ranks to the front (metaph.), S.Aj. 1249; αἱ ὄ. ἁψῖδες the hinder fellies, Hdt.4.72; τὰ ὄ. the hinder parts, rear, back, Il.11.613; οἱ ὄ. ἁρμοί IG12.372.117; εἰς τοὔπισθεν back, backwards, E.Ph.1410, Pl.Sph.261b, etc.; εἰς τ. τοξεύειν, i. e. 'versis sagittis', like the Parthians, X.An.3.3.10: opp. ἐκ τοὔπισθεν Ar.Ec.482, cf. Th.7.79, X.An.4.1.6; ἐν τῷ ὄ. Pl.R.614c, X.Cyn.9.8, etc.; ὄ. ποιήσασθαι τὸν ποταμόν place the river in his rear, Id.An.1.10.9.

2. Prep. c. gen., behind, στῆ δ' ὄπιθεν δίφροιο Il.17.468; ὄπισθε μάχης 13.536; ὄπισθε τῆς θύρης Hdt.1.9; ἔμπροσθέ τε Θερμοπυλέων καὶ ὄ. Id.7.176; ὄ. ἐμοῦ ..εἰσῄει Pl.Smp.175a, etc.: sts. after its case, δίφρου ὄπισθεν Il.24.15; ἴμεν φάμας ὄπισθεν follow the voice, Pi.O. 6.63; γνώμης πατρῴας πάντ' ὄ. ἑστάναι S.Ant.640; also τούτοισι δ' ὄ. ἴτω Cratin.30; πνοιαῖς ὄπιθεν Βορέα Pi.O.3.31 (s. v.l.).

II. of Time, after, in future, hereafter, Il.4.362, Od.2.270, 18.168, etc.; either of a thing absolutely future, or of one which follows something else, opp. αὐτίκα, Il.9.519; ὄπιθεν οὐ πολλόν Pi.O.10(11).35; πολλοῖς μησὶν ὄ. Theoc.Ep.22.8; cf. ὀπίσω 11.1.

2. ἐν τοῖσι ὄ. λόγοισι in the books yet to come, in the following books, Hdt.5.22, 7.213; cf. ὀπίσω 11.2: but, in Gramm., of what has gone before, Sch. Od.3.366, Hsch. S1.v. Ἴωνες, Sch.Ar.Ra.1488; ὁ ὄπιθεν χρόνος the earlier time, PMasp.158.22 (vi A. D.):—
for Comp. ὀπίστερος, Sup. ὀπίστατος, v. sub vocc. (Prob. from ὄπις 'back', contained in ἀνόπιν, κατόπιν, μετόπιν, ὀπίσω.)