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ὄρυγμα, ατος, τό, ὀρύσσω excavation, trench, ditch, moat, Hdt.1.179,7.23, Th.1.106, OGI483.148 (Pergam., ii A. D.), etc.; tunnel, mine, Hdt.3.60; ὀρύσσειν ὀ. ὑπόγαια Id.4.200; mine, in sieges, X.HG3.1.7, Plb.5.100.2, etc.; also in metal-working, Id.34.10.11; at Athens, = βάραθρον, pit into which condemned criminals were thrown, ὁ ἐπὶ τῷ ὀ. the executioner, Din.1.62, cf. Lycurg.121, Poll.8.71.

II. = ὄρυξις, Luc.VH2.1. (Written ὄρυμα Annuario 10/12.20 (Crete, iii/ ii B. C.).)