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ὀδύρ-ομαι [ῡ], mostly used in pres. and impf., Ep. impf. ὀδύρετο, ὀδύροντο (without augm.), Ion. ὀδυρέσκετο Hdt.3.119: fut. ὀδῠροῦμαι D.21.186, and prob. l. Isoc.18.35: aor. ὠδῡράμην Id.12.9, Theoc.1.75 (cf. ἀνοδύρομαι); part. ὀδῡράμενος Il. 24.48: aor. Pass. κατ-ωδύρθην Plu.2.117f.—
In Trag. the form δύρομαι is required by the metre in A.Pr.273, Pers.582 (lyr.), S.OT 1218 (lyr., ὀδ- codd.), E.Hec.740, Med.159 (lyr., ὀδ- codd.), and prob. in Id.Andr.397, v. infr. 4; in Id.Ph.1762, Apollod.Com.8, ὀδύρομαι is necessary; elsewh. either form is possible:—
lament, bewail, a person or thing:

1. c. acc. pers., ὀδυρομένη φίλα τέκνα Il.2.315; Ἕκτορα δάκρυ χέοντες ὀδύροντο 24.714, cf. S.OC1439, Ant. 693: less freq. c. acc. rei, ὁ δ' ὀδύρετο πατρίδα γαῖαν mourned for it, i.e. for the want of it, Od.13.219; so νόστον ὀ. 5.153, 13.379; προπηλακίσεις Pl.R.329b; δυστυχίας Isoc.4.169; πάθη D.18.41; οὐκ ὠδύραντο ..τὴν προκαταστροφήν Epicur.Sent.40.

2. c. gen. pers., mourn for, for the sake of .., ὡς δὲ πατὴρ οὗ παιδὸς ὀ. Il.23.222, cf. 22.424, Od.4.104, etc.; ὑπέρ τινος Pl.R.387d; ἐπὶ πᾶσι Arist.VV1251b21.

3. ὀ. τινί wail or lament to or before, ἐξελθὼν λαιοῖσιν ὀ. Od.4.740; ἀλλήλοισιν ὀδύρονται wail aloud one to another, Il.2.290.

4. abs., wail, mourn, freq. in Hom., in part., -όμενος στεναχίζω Od.9.13; στοναχῇ τε γόῳ τε ἧσται ὀ. 16.145; ὀ. κατὰ θυμόν 18.203; τίταῦτ' ὀδύρομαι; why mourn I thus? E.Andr.397 (where Pors. restores ταῦτα δύρομαι for the caesura); θρηνοῦντός τε μου καὶ ὀδυρομένου Pl. Ap.38d, cf. Phld.Rh.1.381 S., etc.