Previous: ὀφλητήςNext: ὄφρα


ὀφλισκάνω, S.Ant.470, E.Alc.1093, Pl.Tht.161e: impf. ὠφλίσκανον D.30.2: fut. ὀφλήσω S.OT511 (lyr.), E.Hec.327, Ar.Pax172, Pl. Phd.117a: pf. ὤφληκα Ar.Nu.34, etc.; Arc. part. dat. pl. Fοφληκόσι IG5(2).262.18 (Mantinea, v B. C.), and 3pl. Fοφλέασι prob. in ib.1: aor. ὤφλησα Lys.13.65 codd. (ὦφλεν Sauppe), Aristid.2.143 J., Sopat. in Rh.8.243 W., (προσ-) Alciphr.3.26; in correct writers the aor. is ὦφλον, Hdt.8.26, And.1.73, etc.; inf. ὀφλεῖν Th.5.101, etc.; part. ὀφλών IG12.6.31, Th.3.70, etc.: sts. wrongly written ὄφλειν, ὄφλων, as if there were an Att. pres. ὄφλω; but this pres., though quoted by Hdn. Gr.1.448, occurs only in late writers as D.Chr.31.143, 153(f.l.): ὀφλέω is a still more doubtful form; for in Hsch. ὀφλεῖ shd. be corrected ὄφλει; ὤφλεε in Hdt.8.26 is an error for ὦφλε (which is given by some codd.): pres. ὀφλίσκω is cited by Suid.; ὀφλάνω by Phot. and Hsch.; and 3sg. fut. ὀφλανεῖ from Sol. by Sch.Gen.Il.21.282. (From same root as ὀφείλω, q. v.; origin doubtful: ὀφλισκάνω and ὀφλήσω may be recent formations from ὦφλον, ὤφληκα.):—
become a debtor, prop. of one condemned to pay a fine, become liable to pay, ζημίαν E.Med.581, etc.; χρήματα Lys.20.14; πέντε τάλαντα Ar.Pax 172; χιλίας δραχμάς Pl.Ap.36a; τὸ μείωμα εἴκοσι μνᾶς X.An.5.8.1; τὴν ἐπωβελίαν Isoc.18.12.

2. δίκην ὀφλεῖν to be cast in a suit, lose one's cause, δίκας ὤφληκα Ar.Nu.34, cf. Av.1457; ἤν τις ὄφλῃ παρὰ τοῖς ἄρχουσι δίκην τῳ Id.Ec.655; ὀφλεῖν δίαιταν to lose in an arbitration, Is.12.12 (prob. cj. for ὤφειλον codd.), D.29.58, etc.; ἐρήμην ὀ. τὴν δίκην to let judgement go against one by default, Antipho 5.13; ἐξούλας ἢ γραφὰς ἢ ἐπιβολάς And.1.73; κλοπῆς ἕνεκα τὰς εὐθύνας ὀ. Aeschin.3.10.

3. abs., to be cast, to be the losing party, μέλλων ὀφλήσειν Ar.Nu.777; κᾆτ' ὀφλὼν ἀπέρχεται Id.Ach.689, cf. Th.3.70, Pl.Lg.745a, PHal.1.200 (iii B. C.); ὀφλεῖν τῷ δημοσίῳ ἐπί τινι for an offence, D.39.14.

4. c. gen. criminis, ὀφλὼν ἁρπαγῆς τε καὶ κλοπῆς δίκην A.Ag.534: without δίκην, ὠφληκὼς φόνου Pl.Lg.874b; ὀ. τραύματος ἐκ προνοίας ib.877c; ὀψὲ ὁδοῦ Id.Cra.433a(s.v.l.); ὀ. κλοπῆς, δώρων, And.1.74; ἀστρατείας, ἀποστασίου, D.24.103, 25.65; butalso

b. c. gen. poenae, θανάτου δίκην ὀ. Pl.Ap.39b, Lg.856d.

c. c. inf., ὦφλεν δύο τριήρεις καινὰς ἀποδοῦναι IG22.1623.149.

d. c. part., ἄν τις ὄφλῃ φαρμακείαις τισὶ βλάπτων Pl.Lg.845e.

II. generally, of anything which one deserves or brings on oneself, αἰσχύνην, βλάβην ὀ., incur them, E.Hel.67, Andr.188; ὀ. γέλωτα to be laughed at, Id.Med. 404, Ar.Nu.1035; τινι by one, E.Ba.854; παρά τινι, πρός τινα, Pl. Phd.117a, Hp.Ma.282a.

2. δειλίαν ὀ. incur a charge of cowardice, get a character for cowardice, δειλίην ὦφλε (v.l. ὤφλεε) πρὸς βασιλέος he drew upon himself the reproach of cowardice from the king, Hdt.8.26, cf. E.Heracl.985; μώρῳ μωρίαν ὀφλισκάνω S.Ant.470, cf. E.Med. 1227, etc.; αὐθαδία τοι σκαιότητ' ὀ. S.Ant.1028; ἀπ' ἐμᾶς φρενὸς οὔποτ' ὀφλήσει κακίαν Id.OT511 (lyr.); ἀμαθίαν ὀφλήσομεν E.Hec.327, cf. Ion443; μοχθηρίαν καὶ ἀδικίαν Pl.Ap.39b; ἄνοιαν D.1.26; αἰσχύνην Id.2.3.