Previous: ὀπώπιαNext: ὀπωράριον


ὀπώρ-α, Ion. ὀπώρ-η, ἡ: sts. ὁπώρα, cf. χεῖμα χὠπώραν, i.e. καὶ ὁπ-, Alcm.76 (χειμάχωι πάραν, etc. codd.); pr. nn. Ὁπωρίς IG5(1).1497, Hopora CIL6.21782; cf. μεθόπωρον, μεθοπωρινός:—
the part of the year between the rising of Sirius and of Arcturus (i.e. the last days of July, all Aug., and part of Sept.), the latter part of summer; Hom. names θέρος and ὀπώρη together, θέρος τεθαλυῖά τ' ὀπώρη Od.11.192; Σείριος being the star of ὀπώρη, Il.22.27; cf. ὀπωρινός.—
In later times it became the name of a definite season, autumn (v. ὥρα 1.1 c), but was still used sts. to denote summer (autumn being distd. as φθινόπωρον or μετόπωρον), ἀρξάμενος ἀπὸ τοῦ ἠρινοῦ χρόνου πρὸ ὀπώρας X.HG3.2.10, cf. Ar.Av.709, Arist.Mete.348a1; ἐπ' ὀκτὼ μῆνας Κυρηναίους ὀπώρη ἐπέχει Hdt.4.199; νέας δ' ὀπώρας ἡνίκ' ἂν ξανθῇ στάχυς A.Fr.304.7.

II. fruit, γλαυκῆς ὀπώρας ..ποτοῦ χυθέντος ..Βακχίας ἀπ' ἀμπέλου S.Tr.703; τέμνεται βλαστουμένη καλῶς ὀ. Id.Fr.255.8; σικυούς, βότρυς, ὀπώραν Ar.Fr.569.1: so in Prose, X. HG2.4.25, Pl.Lg.844d, 845c, Arist.HA606b2, 629a2: in this sense also in pl., Is.11.43; Alcm.(75) even calls honey κηρίνα ὀπώρα; ἐαρινὴ ὀπώρα Alciphr.Fr.6.10.

III. metaph., life's summer, the time of youthful ripeness, Pi.I.2.5; τέρειναν ματέρ' οἰνάνθας ὀπώραν (v. οἰνάνθη) Id.N.5.6; ripe virginity, A.Supp.998, 1015; ὀ. Κύπριδος Chaerem.12.