Previous: ὀρέγνυμιNext: ὀρειάλωτος


ὀρέγω, Od.17.366, E.Ph.1710 (lyr.), etc.; Ion. and later Prose, Hdt. 2.2, Arist.HA497b27, etc.: impf. ὤρεγον Pi.P.4.240, App.BC4.126: fut. ὀρέξω Il.13.327, E.Med.902: aor. ὤρεξα Il.23.406, Trag. (S.OC846, etc.), and sts. in Prose, Pl.Phd.117b, X.An.7.3.29:—
Med.and Pass., Il.24.506, Th.2.65, etc.: fut. ὀρέξομαι E.Hel.353, Pl.R.486a (ἐπ-): aor. ὠρεξάμην Il.23.99, E.HF16, etc.: rare in Prose, X.Mem.1.2.15; also ὠρέχθην ib.16, Ages.1.4, Smp.8.35, Hp.Ep.17, Epicur.Sent.7, Fr.187, as well as in E.(Hel.1238) (not in Hom.): pf. ὤρεγμαι Hp.Oss.18; redupl. 3pl. ὀρωρέχαται, plpf. -έχατο, Il.16.834, 11.26.—
Cf. ὀρέγνυμι, ὀριγνάομαι:—
reach, stretch, stretch out, χεῖρ' ὀρέγων Od.17.366; εἰς οὐρανόν Il.15.371, Od.9.527; χεῖρας ἐμοὶ ὀρέγοντας, in entreaty, 12.257, cf. Plu.Cam.36; μοι ..λεχέων ἐκ χεῖρας ὄρεξας Il.24.743; πρός τινα Pi. P.4.240, cf. S.OC846, etc.; Ὅμηρον .., ἐφ' ὃν πᾶσαι χεῖρ' ὀρέγουσι πόλεις, to claim him, APl.4.294.

2. reach out, hold out, hand, give, κοτύλην καὶ πύρνον Od.15.312; δέπας Il.24.102; ὁπποτέροισι πατὴρ Ζεὺς κῦδος ὀρέξῃ 5.33, cf. 17.453, Hes.Th.433; ἠέ τῳ εὖχος ὀρέξομεν, ἦέ τις ἡμῖν Il.12.328, cf. S.Ph.1203 (lyr.); ὀ. πλοῦτόν τινι Pi.P.3.110; τέλος ἔμπεδον Id.N.7.58; ὤρεξε τὴν κύλικα τῷ Σωκράτει Pl.Phd.117b; later βοήθειαν ὀρέξαι τοῖς ἀδικουμένοις extend help, POxy.902.11 (v A.D.).

II. Med. and Pass.,

1. abs., stretch oneself out, stretch forth one's hand, Od.21.53; ἀνδρὸς ..ποτὶ στόμα χεῖρ' ὀρέγεσθαι Il.24.506 (but χεῖρας ὀρεξαμένου having lent a helping hand, Epigr.Gr.448.4 (Syria)); ὀρεξαμένη ἀπὸ δίφρου Hes.Sc.456; ὠρέξατο χερσὶ φίλῃσι, χειρὶ σκαιῇ, Il.23.99, Hes.Th.178; ἔγχει ὀρεξάσθω let him lunge with the spear (from the chariot), Il.4.307; πρόσθεν Ἄρης ὠρέξαθ' ὑπὲρ ζυγὸν ..ἔγχεϊ χαλκείῳ 5.851; ποσσὶν ὀρωρέχαται πολεμίζειν, of horses, they galloped to the fight, 16.834; ὀρέξατ' ἰών he stretched himself as he went, i.e. made a stride, 13.20; ὀρωρέχατο προτὶ δειρήν were stretched out towards the neck, 11.26; of fish, rise at the bait, καί τις τῶν τραφερῶν ὠρέξατο Theoc. 21.44; for A.Ag.1111, v. ὄρεγμα 1.1.

2. c. gen., reach at or to a thing, grasp at, οὗ παιδὸς ὀρέξατο he reached out to his child, Il.6.466, cf. Od.11.392; in a hostile sense, aim at, assail, hit, τοῦ δ' ἀντίθεος Θρασυμήδης ἔφθη ὀρεξάμενος ..ὦμον hit him first on the shoulder, Il.16.322; ib.314, a gen. pers. must be supplied, ἔφθη ὀρεξάμενος πρυμνὸν σκέλος; so in 23.805 ὁππότερός κε φθῇσιν ὀρεξάμενος χρόα καλόν; δηί̈ων ὀρέγοιτ' ἐγγύθεν ἱστάμενος Tyrt.12.12; also of a suppliant, τί χρῆμα θηρῶσ' ἱκέτις ὠρέχθης ἐμοῦ; E.Hel.1238.

b. metaph., reach after, grasp at, yearn for, γάμων Id.Ion842; τῶν μεγίστων Id.Fr.240; ἀπεόντων Democr.202; ζωῆς Id.205: freq. in Att. Prose, Antipho 2.2.12, Th.3.42, Pl.R.439b,485d, etc.; ὀ. τοῦ πρῶτος ἕκαστος γίγνεσθαι Th.2.65: so c. inf., πόλιν ὠρέξατ' οἰκεῖν E.HF16; ὀ. τοιοῦτος γενέσθαι Pl. Prt.326a; οὐδέποτε ὠρέχθην τοῖς πολλοῖς ἀρέσκειν Epicur.Fr.187: also, abs., yearn, desire, πάσῃσιν ὀρέξαιτο πραπίδεσσιν Emp.129.4; θυμὸς ὀρέξατο γηθοσύνῃσιν A.R.2.878; ὀρεγόμεθα κατὰ τὴν βούλευσιν Arist.EN1113a12; cf. ὀρεκτός, ὄρεξις.

3. c. acc., σῖτόν τ' ὄρεξαι take food, E.Or.303 (v.l. σίτων); αἰώρημα διὰ δέρης ὀρέξομαι I will put the noose on my neck, Id.Hel.353 (lyr.).