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Ōcĕănus, i, m. (rarely Ōcĕănum, i, n.), = Ὠκεανός, the great sea that encompasses the land, the ocean: omnis terra parva quaedam insula est, circumfusa illo mari, quod Atlanticum, quod magnum, quem Oceanum appellatis in terris, Cic. Rep. 6, 20, 21: Oceanum rubra obruit aethra, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4 (Ann. p. 418 Vahl.): Oceani ostium, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 12, 33; cf. id. Verr. 2, 3, 89, 207: Oceani freta, i. e. the Strait of Gades, Strait of Gibraltar, id. Tusc. 1, 20, 45; cf. id. N. D. 3, 10, 24: quae sunt maritimae civitates Oceanumque attingunt, Caes. B. G. 2, 34: circumvagus, circumfluent, Hor. Epod. 16, 41; cf. circumfusus, Rutil. 1, 56: dissociabilis, Hor. C. 1, 3, 22: beluosus, id. ib. 4, 14, 48: ruber, id. ib. 1, 35, 32.—The form Oceanum, n., is found only in apposition with mare: quam (insulam) mare Oceanum circumluit, Tac. H. 4, 12.—In acc.: proximus mare Oceanum, Caes. B. G. 3, 7, 2; cf.: se in nostrum et Oceanum mare extendit, Mel. 2, 6, 2.—In dat.: mari Oceano, Amm. 23, 6, 12.—In abl.: mari Oceano aut amnibus longinquis saeptum imperium, Tac. A. 1, 9.—(Supposed examples of the adjectival use of Oceanus, as Oceano fluctu and litore, in Juv. 11, 94 and 113 Jan; Oceanas aquas, Ven. Carm. 3, 9, 4; Oceanis aquis, id. ib. 7, 12, 56, are dub.; several edd. read in Juv., Oceani; and in Ven., in the first passage, Oceanus, and in the second, Oceani.)—

2. Personified, as a deity, the son of Cœlus and Terra, the husband of Tethys, and the father of the rivers and nymphs, Cic. Univ. 11; id. N. D. 3, 19, 48; Hyg. Fab. praef.; Cat. 88, 6.—The ancient philosophers regard water as the primary element of all things; hence: Oceanumque patrem rerum, Verg. G. 4, 382.—

B. Transf.

1. A large bathing-tub (postclass.), Lampr. Alex. Sev. 25, 5.—

2. A Roman surname, Mart. 3, 95, 10; 5, 27, 4; 6, 9, 2; Inscr. Murat. 1453.—

II. Hence,

A. Ōcĕănensis, e, adj., of or belonging to the ocean, situated by the sea-side, Eckhel. D. N. 8, p. 110.—

B. Ōcĕănītis, ĭdis, f., a daughter of Ocean: Clioque et Beroe soror, Oceanitides ambae, Verg. G. 4, 341; Hyg. Fab. praef.