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πᾰ́θ-ημα, ατος, τό, dat. pl. παθημάτοις Com.Adesp.283 (Aetol. acc. to Eust. 279.42, 1761.36):—
that which befalls one, suffering, misfortune, S.Tr.142, Th.4.48, etc.; τὸ π. τοῦ Χριστοῦ the passion of Christ, 2 Ep.Cor.1.5; of good fortune, χαῖρε παθὼν τὸ π. (deification) Orph.Fr.32f: mostly in pl., Hdt.8.136, etc.; παθήμαθ' ἅπαθον S.OC361; ἀκούσια π., opp. ἑκούσια καὶ ἐκ προνοίας ἀδικήματα, Antipho 1.27; τὰ δέ μοι π. μαθήματα γέγονε my sufferings have been my lessons (cf. πάθος 1.2), Hdt.1.207, cf. Ar.Th. 199, Pl.Smp.222b.

II. emotion or condition, affection, π. τῆς ψυχῆς εἶναι τὴν σωφροσύνην, οὐ μάθημα X.Cyr.3.1.17, cf. Pl.Phd.79d; opp. ποίημα, Id.Sph.248b; τὸ τῆς ἑτέρας χειρὸς π. Plot.4.9.2; but in early writers mostly in pl., affections, feelings, opp. ποιήματα, Pl.R.437b; τὰ περὶ τὸ σῶμα π. Id.Phlb.33d; ὅσα διὰ τοῦ σώματος π. ἐπὶ τὴν ψυχὴν τείνει Id.Tht.186c; π. ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ γιγνόμενα Id.R.511d; παθήμασιν ὑπηρετεῖν obey the feelings, Arist.Pol.1254b24; opp. ἤθη, ἕξεις, Id.Rh. 1396b33, cf. Po.1449b28.

2. Medic., pl., troubles, symptoms, Hp. VM2, Epid.2.2.24; π. καὶ νοσήματα Pl.R.439d, cf. 389c.

III. in pl., incidents, happenings, τὰ ἐν ..Ὀδυσσείᾳ π. ib.393b; πάντα εἴδη καὶ π. πολιτειῶν Id.Lg.681d.

2. incidents or changes of material bodies, τὰ οὐράνια π. Id.Ion 531c, cf. Phd.98a; τὰ τῆς σελήνης π. Arist. Metaph.982b16, cf. Mete.363a24, 365a12.

3. in Logic, incidents, properties, or accidents, Pl.Phdr.271b, Prm.141d, 157b, Arist.APo. 76b13, Cael.310a20; τὰ π. τὰ αἰσθητά, of colour, etc., Id.Sens.445b4.