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πάθος [ᾰ], εος, τό, (πάσχω) that which happens to a person or thing, τὰ ἐν τοῖς κατόπτροις τῆς ὄψεως π. Pl.Tht.193c; τὰ ἐν τῷ ἀνθρωπίνῳ βίῳ [τῆς ψυχῆς] π. Id.R.612a; incident, accident, τὰ ἀνθρωπήϊα π. Hdt.5.4; τὸ συντυχὸν π. S.Aj.313; οὗ τόδ' ἦν π. where this incident took place, Id.OT732; ἔξωθεν π. Pl.R.381a; unfortunate accident, Antipho 3.4.10.

2. what one has experienced, good or bad, experience, τὸν πάθει μάθος θέντα κυρίως ἔχειν A.Ag.177 (lyr.); τά γ' ἐμὰ π. my experiences, Pl.Phd.96a; τὸ δρᾶμα τοῦ πάθους πλέον A.Ag.533; opp. ἔργα, Pl. Phdr.245c, Arist.Cael.298a28; opp. πρᾶξις, Pl.Lg.876d; ἤθη καὶ π. καὶ πράξεις Arist.Po.1447a28.

b. in bad sense, misfortune, calamity, A.Pr.703, Hdt.1.91, Lys.32.10, etc.; οὐλίῳ σὺν πάθει S.Aj.932 (lyr.); τὰ τῆς Νιόβης π. Pl.R.380a, etc.; ἀνήκεστον π. ἔρδειν to do an act which is an irreparable mischief to one, Hdt.1.137; μετὰ τῆς θυγατρὸς τὸ π., i.e. her death, Id.2.133; π. μέγα πεπονθέναι, of a great defeat, Id.3.147, cf. 5.87, al.

c. = πάθημα 11.2, Arist. GA738a16, 750a30, Gal.10.91.

II. of the soul, emotion, passion (λέγω δὲ πάθη ..ὅλως οἷς ἕπεται ἡδονὴ ἢ λύπη Arist.EN1105b21), σοφίη ψυχὴν παθῶν ἀφαιρεῖται Democr.31; διὰ πάθους Th.3.84; ἐρωτικὸν π. Pl.Phdr.265b; π. ποιεῖν to excite passion, Arist.Rh.1418a12; ἐν π. εἶναι Id.Pol.1287b3; ἐκτὸς τοῦ π. εἶναι to be exempt from passion, Teles p.56 H.; ἔξω τῶν π. γίγνεσθαι D.C.60.3; περὶ παθῶν, title of work by Zeno the Stoic, D.L.7.4; in Epicur., sensation (including pleasure and pain), ἀκουστικὸν π. Ep.1p.13U., cf. p.19 U. (pl.); ὡς κανόνι τῷ π. πᾶν ἀγαθὸν κρίνοντες ib.3p.63U.

III. state, condition, τὸ τῆς παντοδαπῆς ἀγνοίας π. Pl.Sph.228e, cf. 243c, Plt.277d, Ap.22c; opp. ἐνέργεια, A.D.Synt.12.17; opp. ποίημα, Pl.Sph.248d.

2. incidents of things, changes or happenings occurring in them, τὰ οὐράνια π. Pl.Hp.Ma. 285c; τὰ περὶ τὸν οὐρανὸν π. Id.Phd.96c; τὰ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ π. καὶ μέρη Arist.Metaph.986a5; π. τοῦτο, ὃ καλεῖν εἰώθαμεν σεισμόν Id.Mu.395b36.

3. properties, qualities of things, opp. οὐσία, Pl.Euthphr.11a; π. λέγεται ..ποιότης καθ' ἣν ἀλλοιοῦσθαι ἐνδέχεται, οἷον τὸ λευκὸν καὶ τὸ μέλαν, καὶ γλυκὺ καὶ πικρόν, καὶ βαρύτης καὶ κουφότης, κτλ. Arist. Metaph.1022b15; τῶν ἀριθμῶν π. ib.985b29; ἀριθμοῖς καὶ γραμμαῖς καὶ τοῖς τούτων π. Iamb.Comm.Math.23; γεωμετρία περὶ τὰ συμβεβηκότα πάθη τοῖς μεγέθεσι Arist.Rh.1355b31, cf. APo.75b1; τῶν φυτῶν τὰ μέρη καὶ τὰ π. Thphr.HP1.1.1; αἱ δυνάμεις καὶ τὰ π. ib.8.4.2.

IV. Gramm., modification in form of words (esp. dialectal), πάθη τῆς λέξεως Arist.Rh.1460b12, cf. A.D.Pron.38.24, al.

2. in Syntax, modified construction, of omission or redundancy, Id.Synt.6.15, 267.8.

b. passivity, D.T.637.30, A.D.Synt.12.17, al.

c. in writing, signs other than accents and breathings (ἀπόστροφος, ὑφέν, ὑποδιαστολή), D.T.Supp.1p.107U.

V. Rhet., emotional style or treatment, τὸ σφοδρὸν καὶ ἐνθουσιαστικὸν π. Longin.8.1; πάθος ποιεῖν Arist. Rh.1418a12; πράγματα π. ἔχοντα Plu.2.711e, etc.: pl., πάθη διεστῶτα ὕψους Longin.8.2.