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παρίστημι,

A. causal in pres., impf., fut., and aor.1; later pf. παρέστᾰκα in same sense, PTeb.5.196 (ii B.C.), Plb.3.94.7, S.E. M.7.273, etc.

I. cause to stand, place beside, π. τοὺς ἱππεῖς ἐφ' ἑκάτερον τὸ κέρας Plb.3.72.9, cf. 3.113.8; παραστήσας τὰ ὅπλα having brought his arms into view, D.18.175; π. τινὰ φυλάττειν set one near a thing to guard it, v.l. in Id.49.35; π. σορὸν σορῷ Anatolian Studies p.204 (Termessus).

II. set before the mind, present, ὑπόθεσιν ..οὐ χὶ τὴν οὖσαν παριστάντες ὑμῖν D.3.1; τοῦτο π. τοὺς θεοὺς ὑμῖν that they may put this into your minds, Id.18.1; τὸ δεινὸν π. τοῖς ἀκούουσιν Id.21.72; π. ἐλπίδας, ὁτιοῦν τῶν δεινοτάτων, Id.19.333, 21.15; arouse, inspire, οὐ γὰρ ἡ πληγὴ παρέστησε τὴν ὀργὴν ἀλλ' ἡ ἀτιμία ib.72; π. φόβον καὶ ἀπορίαν ταῖς πόλεσι Plb.3.94.7; π. ὁ κίνδυνος διαλογισμόν, μὴ..Aeschin.2.159: so τοῦτο π. ὑμῖν γνῶναι prompt you to that decision, D.18.8; π. τινὶ θαρρεῖν give one confidence, v.l. in Aeschin.1.174; π. τινί c. inf., put it into his head to .., Paus.9.14.6; also π. τινὶ ὅτι or ὡς .., X. Oec.13.1, Pl.R.600c.

2. dispose a person, πρὸς μελαγχολίας Phld. Ir.p.28 W., cf. Mus.p.73 K.; also Ἀθηναίους ἄλλα παρέστησεν ὡς ἥρωα τιμᾶν Θησέα Plu. Thes.35:—
also in Pass., V. B. V. 1.

3. of a Poet, represent, describe, τὸν Νέστορα παρέστησε [ὁ ποιητὴς] πείθοντα Phld. Hom. p.65 O., cf. Ath.3.110f, 4.133b; δι' ἐτυμολογίας Corn. ND1:—
Pass., παριστάσθω ὅτι ..let it be stated that .., S.E. M.7.310.

4. furnish, supply, deliver, PCair.Zen.790.10 (iii B.C.), PTeb.5.196 (ii B.C.), Abh. Berl.Akad.1925(5).31 (Cyrene).

5. make good, prove, show, τι πολλοῖς τεκμηρίοις Lys.12.51, cf. Act.Ap.24.13; καθάπερ προϊόντες -στήσομεν Phld. Ir.p.85 W., cf. Mus.p.37 K.

6. c. acc. pers., present, offer, ἑαυτοὺς τῷ θεῷ, ἑαυτοὺς δούλους εἰς ὑπακοήν, Ep.Rom.6.13,16.

b. commend, βρῶμα ἡμᾶς οὐ παραστήσει τῷ θεῷ 1 Ep.Cor.8.8.

7. render, [ἡ πίσσα] τὸν οἶνον ἔὔποτον παρίστησι ταχέως Plu.2.676c.

8. in later Greek, as in Med. (V. C. 1), produce in court, etc., BGU759.22 (ii A.D.), etc.:—
Pass., Sammelb.4512.82 (ii B.C.), etc.

III. set side by side, compare, [πόλεις] μικρὰς μεγάλαις Isoc. 12.40.—
The use of these act. tenses occurs in Pl.l.c., but first becomes common in Oratt.

B. Pass., with aor. 2, pf. and plpf. Act., intr.:

I. stand by, beside, or near, θέων δέ οἱ ἄγχι παρέστη Il.15.442, cf. 483; ἀμφίπολος δ' ἄρα οἱ κεδνὴ ἑκάτερθε παρέστη Od.1.335, cf. 8.218, 18.183; ἑξείης πάντεσσι παρίστασαι, of a beggar, 17.450; οὐδ' ἄρα οἵ τις ἀνουτητί γε παρέστη Il.22.371; ζωγράφῳ παρεστηκυῖα, of a painter's model, X. Mem.3.11.2: freq. in part. παραστάς with a Verb, εἶπε παραστάς Il.12.60; οὖτα π. 20.472; παρασταθείς, v.l. for κατασταθείς, E.Or.365.

2. stand by, i.e. help, defend, τινι Il.10.279, etc.; Τρωσὶ παρεστάμεναι καὶ ἀμύνειν 21.231, cf. 15.255; Ὀδυσῆϊ π. ἠδ' ἐπαρήγει 23.783, cf. Hes. Th.439, Hdt.1.87, etc.; π. τινὶ χερσί S. Aj.1384; βοηθοὶ π. X. Cyr.5.3.19; οὐ παρέστη οὐδ' ἐβοήθησεν D.45.64.

II. more freq. in past tenses, to have come, δεῦρο παρέστης Il.3.405; to be at hand, νῆες δ' ἐκ Λήμνοιο παρέστασαν 7.467, etc.

2. of events, to be near, be at hand, ἀλλά τοι ἤδη ἄγχι παρέστηκεν θάνατος 16.853; κακὴ Διὸς αἶσα παρέστη ἡμῖν Od.9.52, cf. 16.280: in fut. Med., σοὶ ..παραστήσεσθαι ἔμελλεν μοῖρ' ὀλοή 24.28; ἐάν του καιρὸς ἢ χρεία παραστῇ D. 21.101, cf. 73: freq. in pf., παρέστηχ' ὡς ἔοικ' ἀγὼν μέγας E. Hec.229, cf. Med.331; in part., τὸ χρῶμα τὸ παρεστηκός Ar. Eq.399; ὁ νῦν παρεστηκὼς ἡμῖν λόγος Pl. Lg.962d: in Att. form παρεστώς, ῶσα, ός, th=s parestw/shs no/sou S. Ph.734; τοῦ π. θέρους ib.1340; τὰς παρεστώσας τύχας E. Or.[1024]; τὰ παρεστῶτα present circumstances, τὰ λῷστα, κράτιστα τῶν π., A. Ag.1053, Pr.218; πρὸς τὸ παρεστός Ar. Eq.564; πρὸς τὸ παριστάμενον X. Eq.Mag.9.1.

III. come to the side of another, come over to his opinion, παραστῆναι ἐς τῶν Περσέων τὴν γνώμην Hdt.6.99: abs., come to terms, surrender, submit, Id.3.13,5.65, 6.140; οἱ πολέμιοι παραστήσονται Id.3.155; τῷ πολέμῳ παραστῆναι D. 22.15, cf. EM653.2.

IV. happen to one, τῷ δὴ λέγουσι..θῶμα μέγιστον παραστῆναι Hdt.1.23; τὸ φρονεῖν ἀλλοῖα παρίσταται Emp. 108; esp. come into one's head, occur to one, τὼς νόος ἀνθρώποισι παριστᾶται Parm.16.2; δόξα μοι παρεστάθη ναοὺς ἱκέσθαι S. OT911; δόξα π. τινὶ ὥστε ..Pl.Phd.66b; σοὶ τοῦτο παρέστηκεν, ὡς ..Id.Phdr. 233c; π. θαῦμα, γνώμη, And.2.2, 24 (s.v.l.); ἔκπληξις παρέστη Th.8.96: impers., παρίσταταί μοι it occurs to me; τῷ οὐ παραστήσεται ..τεθνάναι βούλεσθαι to whom it will not occur to wish for death, Hdt.7.46: folld. by ὡς, Th. 4.61,95, Lys. 12.62, etc.: c. inf., Id.7.17; οὐχὶ παρίσταταί μοι ταὐτὰ γιγνώσκειν D.3.1: c. acc. et inf., Lys.21.12, Pl.Phd.58e; part., τὸ παριστάμενον that which comes into one's head, a thought, Luc. Cont. 13; ἐκ τοῦ π. λέγειν speak offhand, Plu.Dem.9, cf. Gal. 14.295.

V. to be disposed, πρὸς τὰς πράξεις Phld.Mus.p.71 K.; εἰρηνικῶς παρεστ ώτων Id.Hom. p.45 O.

2. collect oneself, παραστῆναι πρὸς τὸν κίνδυνον D.S. 17.43; τῷ θυμῷ παραστάς ib.99; π. πρὸς τὴν ἀπολογίαν Plu. Alc. 19; παρεστηκότες ταῖς γνώμαις Arr.Fr. 161 J.

3. metaph., οἶνος παρίσταται the wine improves, becomes fit for drinking, opp. ἐξίσταται, Thphr. CP6.14.10, cf. Dsc.5.8.

b. of a crop, to be ripe, ὅταν ὁ πρώϊμος σπόρος παραστῇ OGI56.68 (Egypt, iii B. C.); so prob. ἡ γῆ παρέστηκεν PLille 8.5 (iii B. C.).

VI. παρεστηκέναι φρενῶν to be beside oneself, lose one's wits, Plb.18.53.6; π. ταῖς διανοίαις Id.14.5.7, etc.; ἐπὶ τοσοῦτον π. Id.22.8.13; cf. παρεξίστημι 11.

2. to be passionately devoted to, ἵπποισι παρεστεῶτες Hp.Ep.17.

VII. abs., παρεστηκός, = παρόν, since it was in their power, since the opportunity offered, Th.4.133.

C. Some tenses of Med., pres. and impf. sts., fut. and aor. I almost always (for exceptions, v. supr. B. 11.2, III, iv), are used in causal sense:

I. set by one's side, bring forward, produce, π. ἱερεῖα X.An.6.1.22; esp. in a court of justice, τοὺς παῖδας παραστησάμενοι Lys.20.35; παιδία παραστήσεται (of a culprit) D.21.99; ταῦτα παραστησάμενος ib.187; μάρτυρας παρίστανται Is.4.13, etc.; παραστήσασθαί τινα produce him as witness, Id.9.9, D.34.28, etc.; π. τινὰ εἰς κρίσιν Pl.R.555b.

2. commend, τινί τινα J.AJ 15.7.3.

II. bring to one's side, bring over by force, bring to terms, ἀέκοντας παραστήσασθαι Hdt. 8.80; π. βία S.OC916; π. πολιορκίᾳ Th.1.98; πολιορκοῦντας π. ὁμολογίᾳ ib.29: abs., π. τινά, π. πόλιν, Hdt.3.45, Th.1.124, etc.; τοὺς οἰκοῦντας τὴν Ἀττικὴν π. εἰς φορὰν δασμοῦ Pl.Lg. 706b.

2. generally, dispose for one's own views or purposes, τινὰ παραστήσασθαι οὕτως ὥστε ..so to dispose a person that .., Hdt.4.136; ἑαυτοὺς πρὸς τὴν μάχην Plb.3.109.9; dispose, induce a person, πρὸς τὸ κοινωνεῖν Id.29.3.5: c. acc. et inf., Chio Ep.3.