Previous: παρθενοπίπηςNext: παρθενόσφαγος


παρθένος, Lacon. παρσένος Ar.Lys.1263 (lyr.). ἡ, maiden, girl, Il.22.127, etc.; αἱ ἄθλιαι π. ἐμαί my unhappy girls, S.OT1462, cf. Ar.Eq.1302; also γυνὴ παρθένος Hes. Th.514; π. κόρα, of the Sphinx, dub. in E.Ph.1730 (lyr.); θυγάτηρ π. X.Cyr.4.6.9; of Persephone, E. Hel.1342 (lyr.), cf. S.Fr.804; virgin, opp. γυνή, Id.Tr.148, Theoc.27.65.

2. of unmarried women who are not virgins, Il.2.514, Pi.P.3.34, S.Tr.1219, Ar.Nu.530.

3. Παρθένος, ἡ, the Virgin Goddess, as a title of Athena at Athens, Paus.5.11.10, 10.34.8 (hence of an Att. coin bearing her head, E.Fr.675); of Artemis, E.Hipp.17; of the Tauric Iphigenia, Hdt.4.103; of an unnamed goddess, SIG46.3 (Halic., v B.C.), IG12.108.48,54 (Neapolis in Thrace); αἱ ἱεραὶ π., of the Vestal Virgins, D.H.1.69, Plu.2.89e, etc.; αἱ Ἑστιάδες π. Id.Cic.19; simply, αἱ π. D.H.2.66.

4. the constellation Virgo, Eudox. ap. Hipparch. 1.2.5, Arat.97, etc.

5. = κόρη 111, pupil, X.ap.Longin.4.4, Aret. SD1.7.

II. as Adj., maiden, chaste, παρθένον ψυχὴν ἔχων E.Hipp. 1006, cf. Porph. Marc.33; μίτρη π. Epigr.Gr.319: metaph., π. πηγή A.Pers.613.

III. as masc., παρθένος, ὁ, unmarried man, Apoc.14.4.

IV. π. γῆ Samian earth (cf. παρθένιος 111), PMag.Berol.2.57.