Previous: patronymicusNext: patruus


pātrŭēlis, e (abl. patruele, Nep. Fragm. ap. Charis. p. 113 P.), adj. [patruus], of or descended from a father's brother (cf. consobrinus, descended from a mother's sister).

I. Lit.: patrueles marium fratrum filii; consobrini ex duabus editi sororibus, Non. 557, 12: item fratres patrueles, sorores patrueles, id est qui quaeve ex duobus fratribus progenerantur, Dig. 38, 10, 1, 6; Gai. Inst. 3, 10: frater tuus erat frater patruelis meus, Plaut. Poen. 5, 2, 109: L. Cicero frater noster cognatione patruelis, amore germanus, my cousin by blood, my brother in affection, Cic. Fin. 5, 1, 1: frater, id. Planc. 11, 27.—

B. Subst.: pātrŭēlis, is, comm., a father's brother's son or daughter, a cousin: patruelis suus, his cousin, Suet. Dom. 15: alterum e patruelibus, id. ib. 10: patruelis nulla, Pers. 6, 52; Amm. 15, 8, 1. —

2. Transf., a father's sister's son, a cousin, Cic. Cael. 24, 60.—

II. Transf., of or belonging to a father's brother's child or children, of one's cousin or cousins (poet.): patruelia regna, i. e. of Danaus, Ov. H. 14, 61: patruelia dona, i. e. the arms of Achilles (whose father was the brother of Ajax's father), id. M. 13, 41: origo, id. ib. 1, 352.