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păvĕo, pāvi (part. pres. gen. plur. paventūm, Ov. M. 14, 412), 2, v. n. and a. [etym. dub.; perh. akin with pavio].

I. Neutr., to be struck with fear or terror, to tremble or quake with fear, to be afraid, be terrified (perh. not used by Cic.; not in Cæs.; syn.: tremo, trepido, timeo, metuo): nam et intus paveo et foris formido, Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 20: mihi paveo, Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 10; Plaut. Curc. 2, 1, 10: ne pave, id. Am. 5, 1, 58; id. Mil. 3, 3, 21: quaeres, quando iterum paveas, Hor. S. 2, 7, 69: paventes ad omnia, Liv. 5, 42, 4: repente Maurus incerto vultu pavens ad Sullam accurrit, in great fear, Sall. J. 106, 2; Ov. M. 8, 89: admiratione paventibus cunctis, seized with astonishment, Liv. 7, 34, 7; cf.: speque metuque pavent, Ov. F. 3, 362: in alieno discrimine sibi pavens, ne adlevasse videretur, Tac. H. 2, 63; cf. venae, id. ib. 5, 6: hoc sermone pavent, i. e. express their fears, Juv. 6, 189.—With prepp. (eccl. Lat.): pavete ad sanctuarium meum, Vulg. Lev. 26, 2; cf. id. Deut. 31, 6: pavens pro arcā Dei, id. 1 Reg. 4, 13: pavebit a facie consilii Domini, id. Isa. 19, 17; cf. id. ib. 30, 31; 31, 4: super quo pavet anima, id. Ezech. 24, 21.—

II. Act., to fear, dread, be terrified at: et illud paveo et hoc formido, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 59; so with a general object: ad hoc mulieres ... miserari parvos liberos, rogitare, omnia pavere, Sall. C. 31, 3: noctem paventes, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 10, 23: quis Parthum paveat, quis gelidum Scythen? Hor. C. 4, 5, 25: ut pavet acres Agna lupos capreaeque leones! id. Epod. 12, 25: tristiorem casum, Tac. H. 1, 29: mores alicujus, id. ib. 1, 50: saturam serpentibus ibin, Juv. 15, 3: mortem, Plin. 2, 12, 9, 54: funera, Hor. C. 4, 14, 49: (Castanea) pavet novitatem, Plin. 17, 20, 34, 149.—Pass. (in Plin. 31, 9, 45, 104, read batuerentur): nec pedibus tantum pavendas serpentes, Plin. 8, 23, 35, 85.—Perh. here too belongs: paveri frumenta dicebant antiqui, quae de vaginā non bene exibant, Fest. p 251 and 253 Müll.; v. Müll. ad loc.—

(b). With inf. (poet.): pavetque Laedere jactatis maternas ossibus umbras, Ov. M. 1, 386: nec illae numerare aut exigere plagas pavent, Tac. G. 7.