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πᾰχύς, εῖα (Ion. -έα Hp.Superf.21), ύ, thick, stout, χειρὶ παχείῃ Il. 5.309, etc.; παχέος παρὰ μηροῦ 16.473; παχὺν αὐχένα Od.9.372; π. πούς Hes.Op.497; of trees, ib.509; ῥίζα Thphr.HP6.3.1; later of persons, περὶ σφυρὸν παχεῖα, μισήτη γυνή thick-ankled, Archil.184; fat, οἱ παχύτατοι τῶν παίδων Hp.Aph.3.25; π. γυνή Id.Superf. l.c.; χοῖρος π., ὗς π., Ar.Ach.766, Men.21: metaph., of soil, rich, fertile, X.Oec.17.8 (Comp.); π. τράπεζα a well-spread table, Philostr. VA3.26. Adv., παχέως διαιτᾶσθαι ibid.

2. of inorganic things, thick, massive, π. λᾶας Il.12.446; σκῆπτρον 18.416; αὐλὸς αἵματος Od.22.18; θρυαλλίδες Ar.Nu.59; πέδαι Id.V.435; π. δραχμή a thick drachma, i. e. the Aeginetan, which weighed more than the Attic, Poll.9.76, or (Hsch.), = δίδραχμον; thick, coarse, opp. λεπτός, ἱμάτιον Pl.Cra.389b, cf. Poll.7.57,61, etc.; χλαῖναν ..παχεῖαν ἐπιβαλῶ Λακωνικήν Theopomp. Com.10; of hair, Arist.HA502a26; π. τὴν σάρκα, of the pig, Jul.Or.5.177c. Adv. coarsely, roughly, of stating or arguing, παχέως ὁρίζεσθαι, prob. for ταχέως, Arist.Pol.1275b25; παχύτερον or -έρως, Pl.Plt.294e, 295a.

3. of liquids, thick, curdled, clotted, αἷμα Il.23.697; ἀπορρέει ..παχὺ καὶ μέλαν Hdt.4.23; of marshwater, Hp.Aër.7; of urine, Id.Prog.12; τὸ παχύτερον τῶν γαλάκτων Arist.HA521b28; τὸ παχὺ τῆς δυνάμεως [τῶν οἴνων] Ath.1.33b.

b. τὰ παχέα καλούμενα νοσήματα, of certain diseases supposed to be due to thickened phlegm, Hp.Int.47,al.

4. in Com., fat, great, π. πρᾶγμα, χάρις, Ar.Lys.23, Ec.1048.

5. of timbre, thick, opp. λεπτός, Arist.Aud.803b29, cf. 804a10 (Comp.). Adv., κορώνη παχέα κρώζουσα Arat.953.

6. of speech, coarse, heavy, διάλεκτος παχυτέρα D.H.Pomp.2; παχύτερος τὴν λέξιν Id.Is.19; παχύτερον ποιεῖν τὸν λόγον Hermog.Id.1.6.

b. ample, of periphrasis, Longin.29.1 (Sup.).

7. of flame, dull, Thphr.HP5.9.3.

II. οἱ παχέες men of substance, the wealthy, Hdt.5.30,77,6.91; τοὺς π. καὶ πλουσίους Ar.Pax639; ὃς ἂν ᾖ π. Id.Eq.1139; ἀνὴρ π. Id.V.287; cf. πάχης.

III. Com. and Prose, thick-witted, gross, stupid, ἀμαθὴς καὶ π. Id.Nu.842; τὸ τῶν παχυτέρων πλῆθος Phld.Rh.1.202 S.; π. καὶ ἠλίθιοι, π. καὶ ἀπαίδευτοι, Luc.Alex.9,17; ἐς τὰς τέχνας π. καὶ οὐ λεπτοὶ οὐδὲ ὀξέες Hp.Aër.24; π. τὴν μνήμην Philostr.VS2.1.10; π. λόγος Gal.8.606. Adv., παχύτερον ἔχειν τῆς ἀκοῆς Hld.5.18.

IV. prov., πηλοῦ παχύτερος, of a dullard, Eun.Hist.p.265 D.

V. Adv. -έως, v. supr.

VI. Comp. πάσσων, ον, Od.6.230, 8.20, 24.369; πᾰχίων, ον, Arat.785: Sup. πάχιστος Il.16.314, Call.Aet.Oxy. 2079.23: regul. forms πᾰχύτερος, πᾰχύτατος (v. supr.). (I.-E. bhhú-, cf. Skt. bahús, Lett. biezs 'thick'.)