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πεῖρα, ας (Ion. πεῖρα, acc. πεῖραν, gen. -ης), Aeol. πέρρα Choerob. in An. Ox. 2.252: ἡ:—
trial, attempt, π. τοι μαθήσιος ἀρχά Alcm.63; opp. δόξα, Thgn.571; πείρᾳ δ' οὐ προσωμίλησά πω S.Tr. 591; πικρὰν πεῖραν τολμήσειν Id.El.471; πείρᾳ σφαλῆναι Th. 1.70; ἢν μὲν ξυμβῇ ἡ π. Id.3.3; πείρᾳ θην πάντα τελεῖται Theoc. 15.62; πεῖραν ἔχοντες being proved, Pi. N. 4.76; but πεῖραν ἔχειν τινός to have experience of .., X. Cyr.4.1.5; π. τινῶν ἔχειν ὅτι ..Id.An. 3.2.16; π. ἔχει τῆς γνώμης involves a trial of your resolution, Th. 1.140; πεῖράν τινος λαμβάνειν or λαβεῖν to make trial or proof of .., E. Fr.691, Isoc. 12.236, Pl. Grg.448a, X. An.6.6.33, etc.; also, gain experience of .., ἐν ἑαυτῷ ib. 5.8.15; π. λ. τινός, ὅπως ἔχει Pl. Prt. 342a; π. λ. τινός, εἰ ἄρα τι λέγει Id.Thg. 129d; πεῖράν τινος διδόναι (cf. Lat. specimen sui edere) Darei Epist. in SIG 22.21, Th. 1.138, Isoc. 3.45; π. τῆς δόξης δοῦναι Th. 6.11; π. ἔργῳ δεδωκέναι D.18.107, cf. 195; π. ἀλλήλων λαμβάνοντες καὶ διδόντες Pl. Prt. 348a; πεῖραν ποιήσασθαι Th. 1.53; π. ποιεῖσθαι εἰ ..Id.2.20; ταῖς π. βασανίζειν Arist. GA747a3; πεῖραν καθεῖναι Ael. VH2.13, cf. NA1.39; π. δέξασθαι undertake, Plu.Pyrrh. 5.

2. with Preps., ἀπὸ πείρης by experiment, opp. αὐτόματον, Hdt.7.9. γ́; διὰ πείρας ἰέναι Pl. Ax. 369a; διὰ π. ἔργων ἐλήλυθε Onos. Praef. 7; ἀποδοκιμασθῆναι διὰ τῆς π. Arist. Pol. 1341a37; ἐς πεῖραν ἤλθομεν φίλων E. Heracl. 309, etc.; ἰένα�;ι ἐς τὴν π. τοῦ ναυτικοῦ try an action by sea, Th. 7.21; ἀκοῆς κρείσσων ἐς π. ἔρχεται turns out on trial greater than report, Id.2.41; ἐκ τῆς π. δῆλον Arist. Pr. 938b38; Κύρου ἐν πείρᾳ γενέσθαι to have been acquainted with Cyrus, X. An. 1.9.1; ἐν π. τέλος διαφαίνεται Pi. N. 3.70; ἐπὶ πείρᾳ by way of test or trial, Ar. Av. 583; ἐπὶ π. δούς on trial, Men. 118; π. θανάτου πέρι καὶ ζωᾶς a contest for .., Pi.N. 9.28.

II. attempt on or against one, πεῖράν τιν' ἐχθρῶν ἁρπάσαι a means of attacking .., S. Aj. 2; τοιοῦδε φωτὸς π. εὖ φυλακτέον A. Th. 499; esp. attempt to seduce a woman, Plu. Thes. 26, Cim. 1: abs., attempt, enterprise, A. Pers. 719 (troch.), Th. 3.20; πεῖραν ἀφορμᾶν to go forth upon an enterprise, S. Aj. 290; cf. πειρατής. (Cf. Lat. experior, peritus.)