Previous: περίσσευσιςNext: περισσογονία


περισσ-εύω, Att. περισσ-ττεύω, impf. ἐπερίσσευον (περιέσσευον is condemned by Phryn.20), (περισσός) to be over and above the number, μύριοί εἰσιν ἀριθμόν .., εἷς δὲ π. Hes.Fr.160; περιττεύσουσιν ἡμῶν οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy will go beyond us, outflank us, X.An.4.8.11.

II. to be more than enough, remain over, τἀρκοῦντα καὶ περιττεύοντα Id.Smp.4.35; τὸ π. [ἀργύριον] Id.Vect.4.7; ἂν ᾖ τι ..περιττεῦον Pl.Lg.855b; εἴ τι π. ἀπὸ τῶν τόκων SIG672.19 (Delph., ii B. C.); ἡ περιττεύουσα τροφή Arist.HA 619a20; τὸ π. τῶν κλασμάτων Ev.Matt.14.20; τοσοῦτον τῷ Περικλεῖ ἐπερίσσευσε, κτλ. such abundance of reason had Pericles for his belief, Th.2.65; τοσόνδ' ἐπερίσσευσεν αὐτοῖς εὐνοίας J.AJ19.1.18; τὸ ἀνδρεῖον ἐπερίττευεν αὐτῇ D.H.3.11.

2. in bad sense, to be superfluous, τὰ περισσεύοντα τῶν λόγων S.El.1288; ἵν' ἐμοὶ περιττεύῃ, i. e. that I may be over-rich, Diog.Oen.64.

III. of persons, abound in, χορηγίᾳ, opp. ἐλλείπω, Plb.18.35.5, etc.; αἱ ἐκκλησίαι ἐπερίσσευον τῷ ἀριθμῷ Act.Ap.16.5:—
Med., c. gen., περισσεύονται ἄρτων have more than enough of .., Ev.Luc.15.17.

2. to be superior, π. παρά τινα to be better than .., LXX Ec.3.19; ὑπέρ τινα ib.1 Ma.3.30 (v.l.); be better, have the advantage, 1 Ep.Cor.14.12; π. μᾶλλον abound more and more, sc. in Christian graces, 1 Ep.Thess.4.1, 11:—
Med., περισσευόμεθα, opp. ὑστερούμεθα, 1 Ep.Cor.8.8.

IV. causal, make to abound, πᾶσαν χάριν π. 2 Ep.Cor.9.8; τινὰς τῇ ἀγάπῃ 1 Ep.Thess.3.12:—
Pass., to be made to abound, Ev.Matt.13.12, 25.29.

2. of Time, π. τὰς ὥρας make them longer, Ath.2.42b.