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πεζός, ή, όν, (v. πούς):

1. in Poets, esp. Ep.,

a. on foot, walking, πεζοί fighters on foot, opp. those in chariots, πεζοί θ' ἱππῆές τε Il. 8.59, cf. 5.13,11.150; πλῆτο δὲ πᾶν πεδίον πεζῶν τε καὶ ἵππων Od.17.436, cf.9.50.

b. on land, going by land, opp. sea-faring, esp.in Od.; εἰ δ' ἐθέλεις π., πάρα τοι δίφρος τε καὶ ἵπποι 3.324; οὐ μὲν γάρ τί σε πεζὸν ὀί̈ομαι ἐνθάδ' ἱκέσθαι 1.173; ἔφθης πεζὸς ἰὼν ἢ ἐγὼ σὺν νηὶ̈ μελαίνῃ 11.58, cf. Pi.P.10.29; ἐν νηὶ̈ θοῇ ἢ π. Il.24.438.

2.in Prose, ὁ π. (with or without στρατός),

a. sts. infantry, opp. cavalry (ἡ ἵππος), Hdt.1.80, 4.128; σὺν δυνάμει καὶ π. καὶ ἱππικῇ X.Cyr.2.4.18; but,

b. more freq.land-force, army, opp. naval force, Hdt.4.97, 6.95, Th.1.47, 2.94, etc.; τὸ π. v.l. in Hdt.7.81; στρατιὰ καὶ ναυτικὴ καὶ π. Th.6.33, cf. 7.16 (and v. πεζικός); ἡ π. στρατιὰ καὶ τὸ ναυτικόν Lys.2.34, cf. A. Pers.558 (lyr.), 719, 728 (both troch.); οἱ μὲν ἐφ' ἵππων, οἱ δ' ἐπὶ ναῶν, πεζοί τε βάδην ib.19; τὰ π. κράτιστοι strongest by land, Th.4.12; καὶ ναυσὶ καὶ πεζοῖσι Ar.Ach.622; π. μάχαισιν Id.Eq.567; ἡ π. μάχη battle by land, Pl.Lg.707c; ἐν τοῖς ναυτικοῖς κινδύνοις, ὥσπερ ἐν τοῖς π. Isoc.4.91.

3. of animals, land, opp. birds and fishes, τὰ π. καὶ τὰ πτηνά beasts and birds, Pl.Smp.207a, cf. Plt.264e; π. καὶ ἔνυδρον ib. 288a, cf. Lg.823b, Arist.Top.143b1, etc.; ἡ π. θήρα Pl.Sph.222b, cf. Lg.824a.

II. metaph. (cf. αὐτὰρ ἐγὼ Μουσέων πεζὸς ἔπειμι νομόν Call.Aet.4.1.9), of language, prosaic, λόγοι π. prose (cf. 111.3), D.H. Comp.6, Paus.4.6.1; διὰ πεζῶν [λ.] Phld.Mus.p.87 K.; λόγος POxy. 724.10 (ii A. D.); ἡ π. διάλεκτος D.H. Comp.3; ἡ π. λέξις ib.1; opp. ἡ ἔμμετρος, ib.4; ἡ π. alone, Str.1.2.6; τινὰ καὶ πεζὰ καὶ ἐν ἔπεσι ποιήματα D.C.69.3; π. τις ποιητική, of bombastic prose, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 8; κομιδῇ πεζὸν καὶ χαμαιπετές ib.16, cf. Plu.2.853c; τὰ ἄγαν π. καὶ κακόμετρα [ὀνόματα] ib.747f; π. ὀνόματα, opp. ποιητικά, Demetr.Eloc. 167.

2. of verse, unaccompanied by music, καὶ πεζὰ καὶ φορμικτά S.Fr.16; πεζῷ γόῳ: ἄνευ αὐλοῦ ἢ λύρας, Phot.; cf. 111.2.

3. common, ordinary, ἑταῖραι Theopomp.Hist.205; μόσχοι Eup.169; π. αὐλητρίς Pl.Com.155.

III. dat. fem. πεζῇ (sc. ὁδῷ) as Adv.,

1. on foot, opp. σὺν ἵππῳ, X.Oec.5.5.

b. more commonly, by land, Hdt.2.159, Th.2.94, etc.; π. ἕπεσθαι to follow by land, Hdt. 7.110,115; στρατιὰν μέλλων π. πορεύσειν Th.4.132; π. πορεύεσθαι X.An.5.6.1; οὔτε π. οὔτε κατὰ θάλατταν ib.5.6.10; καὶ π. καὶ ναυμαχοῦντες by land and by sea, D.3.24.

2. without musical accompaniment (cf. 11.2), παῦσαι μελῳδοῦσ' ἀλλὰ π. μοι φράσον Com.Adesp. 601, cf. Pl.Sph.237a.

3. regul. Adv. πεζῶς in prose, Phld.Rh.1.165 S., Suid. S1.v. ἱστορῆσαι.

IV. Comp. πεζότερος more like a foot-journey, Plu.2.804d; more like prose, στίχοι π. τῇ συνθέσει Sch. Il.2.252, etc.: Sup. πεζότατος, τὸ π. μόριον τῆς ψυχή, cf. Procl.in Ti.3.317 D.