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πηγή, Dor. πᾱγά, ἡ, running water, used by Hom. always in pl., streams, πηγαὶ ποταμῶν Il.20.9, cf. Hdt.1.189, A.Pr.89,434(lyr.), Pers.311, E.HF1297, Rh.827 (lyr.); κρουνὼ δ' ἵκανον καλλιρρόω, ἔνθα δὲ πηγαὶ δοιαὶ ἀναί̈σσουσι Il.22.147: sg., καλλιρρόου ἔψαυσα π. A.Pers. 202, cf. 613.

2. metaph., of tears, πηγαὶ κλαυμάτων, δακρύων, streams .., Id.Ag.888, S.Ant.803, Tr.852 (lyr.): abs., παρειὰν νοτίοις ἔτεγξα παγαῖς A.Pr.402 (lyr.), cf. E.Alc.1068, etc.; also πηγαὶ γάλακτος, βοτρύων, S.El.895, E.Cyc.496 (lyr.); πόντου πηγαῖς with sea-water, Id.IT1039; πηγαὶ τροφῆς τῷ γεννωμένῳ, of mother's milk, Pl.Mx.237e; π. μαστῶν Inscr.Cos 218.8.

II. fount, source, τοῦ Νείλου Hdt.2.28, 4.53 (pl.), OGI168.9 (Syene, ii B. C.), Str.17.1.52 (pl.); πηγαὶ ἡλίου the fount of light, i. e. the South, A.Pr.809; πηγαὶ νυκτός the North, S.Fr.956; παγὰ ἐπέων Pi.P.4.299; πυρὸς παγαί ib.1.22, cf. A.Pr.110, Pl.Ti.79d; πηγὴ ἀργύρου, of the silver-mines at Laureion, A.Pers.238; τῆς ἀκουούσης π. δι' ὤτων, i.e. the sense of hearing, S.OT1387; ἀπὸ μιᾶς ἀρχῆς καὶ π. Arist.PA668a15, cf. Plu.2.856e.

2. metaph., source, origin, mostly in sg., κακῶν π. A.Pers.743; αἱ τέχναι, ἃς πηγάς φασι τῶν καλῶν εἶναι X.Cyr.7.2.13; π. καὶ ἀρχὴ κινήσεως Pl.Phdr.245c; π. ἡδονῶν, τοῦ φρονεῖν, νοσημάτων, etc., Id.Phlb.62d, Lg.808d, Ti.85b, etc.; ἀρχαὶ καὶ π. τῶν στάσεων Arist.Pol.1301b5, cf. Pl.Lg.690d; π. τῆς κακοπραγμοσύνης Plb.18.40.3; βέβηκα π. εἰς ἐμάς I have returned to the source of my existence, Epigr.Gr.463 (Crommyon), cf. Dam.Pr. 95,al.

3. inner canthus of eye, supposed source of tears, Poll.2.71, Hsch.(both pl.).