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πλεονεκτ-έω, fut. -ήσω Th.4.62, etc. (πλέον ἐκτήσεται shd. be read in Pl.La.192e):—
Prose Verb, have or claim more than one's due, mostly in bad sense, to be greedy, grasping, Hdt.8.112, X.Mem.2.6.21, Pl.Grg.483c, etc.

2. also, gain or have some advantage, without any bad sense, δυνάμει τινὶ π. Th.4.62, cf. 86; opp. ἐλαττοῦσθαι, Arist.Rh.1360a3; πολὺ ἐπλεονέκτει ὁ Πελοπίδας παρὰ τῷ Πέρσῃ X. HG7.1.34: abs., Arist.Rh.1402b25, D.S.12.46; π. ἀπὸ τῶν μὴ καθηκόντων Plb.6.56.2: freq. with neut. Pron., π. ταῦτα, etc., Th.4.61, etc.

3. c. gen. rei, have or claim a larger share of than others, τῶν ὠφελίμων Id.6.39; τοῦ ἡλίου, τοῦ ψύχους, τῶν πόνων, X.Cyr.1.6.25, cf. Oec.7.26; δόξης, χάριτος, Arist.EN1136b22, 1137a1.

II. c. gen. pers., have or gain the advantage over, τῶν ἐχθρῶν Pl.R.362b, cf. Hyp.Lyc.8, etc.; παρά τινος X.Cyr.1.6.32 (v.l.); παρ' ἀλλήλων Arist.Pol.1292b19; τινι in a thing, X.Cyr.4.3.21, etc.; κατά τι Pl. Euthphr.15a; περί τι Id.La.183a; also π. τῶν νόμων gain at the expense of the laws, Id.Lg.691a; τῆς ὑμετέρας π. εὐηθείας take advantage of your simpleness, D.Prooem.24.

2. later c. acc. pers., get or have the advantage over, D.H.9.7, Plu.Marc.29, Luc.Am.27: usu. in bad sense, overreach, defraud, πλεονεκτεῖν μηδένα Men.Mon.259, cf. 1 Ep.Thess.4.6, 2 Ep.Cor.7.2, D.Chr.17.8, D.C.52.37: in early writers only Pass. in this sense, ὑπό τινων X.Mem.3.5.2; πλεονεκτεῖσθαι χιλίαις δραχμαῖς to be defrauded in or of 1,000 drachmae, D.41.25. In Th.1.77 πλεονεκτεῖσθαι is impers., to be an act of πλεονεξία.

3. Pass., to be surpassed, excelled, τινι Apollod.Poliorc.173.5.