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πλίνθος, ἡ, rarely πλίνθον, τό (v. infr. 11.1), brick, whether sun- or fire-baked, πλίνθοι ὀπταί Hdt.1.180, 186, Ar.Av.552, X.An.2.4.12, cf. Alc.153, PAmh.2.99(a)9 (ii A. D.), etc.; π. κεραμεαῖ, γήϊναι, X.An. 3.4.7, 7.8.14 (opp. ὠμὴ π. Paus.8.8.7); πλίνθους ἑλκύσαι, εἰρύσαι, make bricks, Hdt.1.179, 2.136; ὀπτᾶν bake them, Id.1.179; δόμοι πλίνθου (in collect. sense) layers of brick, ibid., cf. Th.3.20 (pl.); πλίνθους ἐπιτιθέναι, of torture by pressing, Ar.Ra.621: prov., π. πλύνειν, of useless trouble, Com.Adesp.891, Zen.6.48; ὕδατι νίζειν θολερὰν διαειδέϊ π. Theoc.16.62.

II. any brick-shaped body,

1. stone squared for building, IG12.372.10, al.: pl. πλίνθα squared blocks of marble, Sardis7(1) No.93.3.

2. ingot of gold or silver, Plb.10.27.12, Luc. Cont.12; of lead, Dsc.5.88; metal plate let into a threshold, SIG 247i22 (Delph., iv B.C.), IG42(1).102.73 (Epid., iv B.C.).

3. plinth of a column, Milet.7.59, Supp.Epigr.4.447.17 (Didyma, ii B.C.), Vitr.4.7.3.