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πνίγ-ω [ῑ], Sophr.68, al., Antipho 4.1.6, Herod.4.31, etc.: impf. ἔπνῑγον Ar.Nu.1376: fut. πνίξω (ἀπο-) Pl.Com.198, Antiph.171; Dor. 2pl. fut. πνιξεῖσθε Epich.155: aor. ἔπνιξα, imper. πνῖξον, Cratin.27, Hdt.2.92, Batr.158:—
Pass., fut. πνῐγήσομαι Gal.Nat.Fac.1.17, (ἀπο-) Ar.Nu.1504, Hp.Morb.3.16; also ἀπο-πεπνίξομαι Eun.VSp.463 B.: aor. ἐπνίχθην (ἀπ-) Aret.SA1.7; but ἐπνίγην [ῐ] Batr.148, Aret.SD 1.11, (ἀπ-) Pherecr.159, Pl.Grg.512a, D.32.6, etc.: pf. πέπνιγμαι, v. infr.11.—
The simple verb is less freq. than the compd. ἀποπνίγω:—
choke, throttle, strangle, Sophr.l.c., etc.; of a doctor, πνίγων ..πικρότατα πόματα διδούς Pl.Grg.522a; ἂν ὕλη πνίγῃ [τὸν σῖτον] X.Oec.17.14: prov., ὅταν τὸ ὕδωρ πνίγῃ, τί δεῖ ἐπιπίνειν; Arist.EN1146a35:—
Pass., to be choked, stifled, ἐπνιγόμην τὰ σπλάγχνα Ar.Nu.1036; αἱ ὑστερικῶς πνιγόμεναι Antyll. ap. Orib.10.19.1.

2. impers. πνίγει, of great heat, it is stifling, Arist.Pr.941b4, 944a7.

3. metaph., vex, torment, ἕνα χαλκοῦν ἀποβαλὼν αὑτὸν π. Phld.Ir.p.37 W.; ὃ δὲ μάλιστά με πνίγει v.l. in Luc.Prom.17; oppress by exactions, 'squeeze', Jul. Mis.368c.

II. cook in a close-covered vessel, bake, stew, Hdt.2.92; δικίδιον ..ἐν λοπάδι πεπνιγμένον Ar.V.511; πεπνιγμένος Metag.6. 9.

III. drown (cf. πνῖξις 11), in Pass., X.An.5.7.25: metaph., of plants, τὰ φυτὰ ..τοῖς πολλοῖς [ὕδασι] πνίγεται Plu.2.9b.