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πόθος, ὁ, longing, yearning, regret (for something absent or lost, cf. Pl.Cra.420a), mostly c. gen. obj., ἡνιόχοιο π. Il.17.439; ἀλλά μ' Ὀδυσσῆος πόθος αἴνυται Od.14.144; γλυκὺν π. Ἀργοῦς Pi.P.4.184; ἀνδρῶν πόθῳ A.Pers.133(lyr.), cf. Ag.414(lyr.); τοῦ βίου δ' οὐδεὶς π. S.El.822; ἔλαβε [αὐτοὺς] π... τῆς πόλιος Hdt.1.165; ἀποθανόντος αὐτοῦ π. ἔχειν πάντας Id.3.67, cf. S.Ph.646, Ar.Ra.66: with a possess. Pron., σὸς π. yearning after thee, Od.11.202, cf. Ar.Pax585; τὠμῷ π. S.OT969, cf. OC419: less freq. abs., τίς ὁ π. αὐτοὺς ἵκετ'; Id.Ph. 601; σὺν πόθῳ γὰρ ἡ χάρις desire to give, Id.OC1106: pl., πότερα πόθοισι; was it by reason of longing? ib.333; τὰς ἐν τοῖς θρήνοις καὶ π. ἡδονάς Pl.Phlb.48a.

II. love, desire, Hes.Sc.41 (who never uses ποθή), A.Pr.654, S.Tr.107(lyr.), 368, Men.Sam.279, Theoc.2.143, etc.; πόθου κέντρα Pl.Phdr.253e; τὸν π. τὸν ἐξ ἐμοῦ S.Tr.631: generally, desire, πόθῳ θανεῖν (i.e. τοῦ θανεῖν) E.Andr.824; π. γυναικός Ar.Ra. 55.

2. personified, A.Supp.1039(lyr.), where Π. and Πειθώ are children of Κύπρις; Ἔρως καὶ Ἵμερος καὶ Π. Paus.1.43.6; Κύπρι Πόθων μῆτερ AP10.21 (Phld.).

III. name of two plants, larkspur, Delphinium Ajacis, and asphodel, Asphodelus ramosus (used at funerals), Thphr.HP6.8.3. (ποθέω, ποθή, πόθος are cogn. with θέσσασθαι, q.v.)