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πρᾶξις, εως, Ep. and Ion. πρῆξις, ιος, ἡ: (πράσσω):—
doing, transaction, business, [πλεῖν] κατὰ πρῆξιν on a trading voyage, Od.3.72; ἐπὶ πρῆξιν ἔπλεον h.Ap.397; π. δ' ἥδ' ἰδίη, οὐ δήμιος a private, not a public affair, Od.3.82; π. μηδὲ φίλοισιν ὅμως ἀνακοινέο πᾶσιν Thgn. 73; ἡ περί τινος π. the transaction respecting .., Th.6.88.

2. result or issue of a business, esp. good result, success, οὐ γάρ τις πρῆξις πέλεται ..γόοιο no good comes of weeping, Il.24.524; οὔ τις π. ἐγίγνετο μυρομένοισιν Od.10.202; λυμαίνεσθαί τινι τὴν π. to spoil one's market, X.An.1.3.16; π. φίλαν δίδοι grant a happy issue. Pi.O.1.85; π. οὐρίαν θέλων A.Ch.814 (lyr.); ταχεῖά γ' ἦλθε χρησμῶν π. their issue, Id.Pers. 739; ἄνευ τούτων οὐκ ἂν εἵη π. X.Cyn.2.2; δὸς πόρον καὶ π. τῷ τόπῳ τούτῳ PMag.Par.1.2366.

II. doing, τῶν ἀγαθῶν (of persons) πρήξιες Thgn.1026; ἡ τῶν ἀγαθῶν π. Pl.Chrm.163e; ἡ π. τῶν ἔργων Antipho 3.4.9; achievement, Th.3.114; π. πολεμική, πολιητική, πολιτική, Pl.R.399a, Sph.266d, Men.99b; action, opp. πάθος, Id.Lg.876d; opp. ἕξις, Id.R.434a; moral action, opp. ποίησις, τέχνη, Arist.EN 1140a2, 1097a16; opp. ποιότης, Id.Po.1450a18, cf.EN1178a35 (pl.); ἤθη καὶ πάθη καὶ π. Id.Po.1447a28; opp. οἱ πολιτικοὶ λόγοι, D.61.44; ἔργῳ καὶ πράξεσιν, οὐχὶ λόγοις Id.6.3; ἐν ταῖς πράξεσι ὄντα τε καὶ πραττόμενα exhibited in actual life, Pl.Phdr.271d; action in drama, opp. λόγος, Arist.Po.1454a18; μία π. ὅλη καὶ τελεία ib. 1459a19, cf. 1451b33 (pl.).

2. action, exercise, χειρῶν, σκελῶν, στόματος, φωνῆς, διανοίας, Pl.La.192a.

3. euphem. for sexual intercourse, Pi. Fr.127, Aeschin.1.158, etc.; in full, ἡ π. ἡ γεννητική Arist.HA539b20.

4. magical operation, spell, PMag.Par.1.1227, al., PMag.Lond. 125.40.

III. action, act, S.OT895 (lyr., pl.), OC560, etc.; μιᾶς μόνον μνησθήσομαι π. Isoc.12.127.

b. military action, battle, Plb.3.19.11, etc.

IV. doing, faring well or ill, fortune, state, condition, ἀπέκλαιε ..τὴν ἑωυτοῦ π. Hdt.3.65, cf. A.Pr.695 (lyr.), S.Aj.790, 792; εύτυχὴς π. Id.Tr.294; κακαὶ π. Id.Ant.1305.

V. practical ability, π. καὶ σύνεσις Plb.2.47.5; ἡ ἐν τοῖς πολεμικοῖς π. Id.4.77.1.

2. practice, i.e. trickery, treachery, ἐπὶ τὴν πόλιν Id.2.9.2; κατὰ τῆς πόλεως, ἐπὶ τοὺς Αἰτωλούς, Id.4.71.6, 5.96.4.

VI. exaction of money, recovery of debts, arrears, etc., IG12.57.13, al.; συμβολαίων πράξεις And.1.88; τοῦ μισθοῦ Pl.Prt.328b; τελῶν Id.R.425d (pl.); παρὰ Ἀρτέμωνος ..ἔστω ἡ π. τοῖς δανείσασι let the lenders have an action of recovery against Artemon, Syngr. ap. D.35.12, cf. SIG364.61,67 (Ephesus, iii B.C.), Test.Epict.5.31; ἡ π. ἔστω καθάπερ ἐκ δίκης PEleph.1.12 (iv B.C.), etc.; αἱ π. τῶν καταδικασθέντων Arist.Pol.1321b42.

2. exaction of vengeance, retribution, βαρβάρων χάριν γάμων πρᾶξιν ὡς Ἑλλὰς λάβοι E.IA272 (lyr.).

VII. public office, ἡ διοικηθεῖσα π. Epist. Macrin. ap. Hdn.5.1.2.

VIII. discourse, lecture of a rhetorician or philosopher, Jul.Or.2.59c, Marin.Procl.22.