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πρᾱν-ής, ές, Ion. πρηνής (also in Arist.Mete.350a11, Spir.484b29, Fr.106, J.AJ18.3.1, 19.8.2, Plu.2.680a, Tim.11, Gal.UP2.2, 7.22, PMag.Par.1.194, etc.), gen. έος, Att. contr. οῦς:—
of posture, with the face downwards, lying on the front, falling forwards, opp. ὕπτιος, πρηνεῖς τε καὶ ὕπτιοι ἔκπεσον ἵππων Il.11.179; ἐκ δίφροιο ..ἐξεκυλίσθη πρηνὴς ἐν κονίῃσιν ἐπὶ στόμα 6.43, cf. 2.418, 4.544, Hes.Sc.365; πρηνὴς ἐπὶ γαίῃ κεῖτο ταθείς Il.21.118; mostly with Verbs of falling, πρηνὴς κάππεσε, ἤριπε, ἐλιάσθη, 16.413, 5.58, 15.543; πρηνέα ..τανύσσας [Ἕκτορα] 23.25; κατὰ πρηνὲς βαλέειν Πριάμοιο μέλαθρον headlong down, 2.414; π. γενόμενος Act.Ap.1.18 (fort. = πρησθείς becoming distended); ἐπὶ τὸ πρηνὲς ῥέπειν incline towards pronation, Hp.Fract. 1; ἐς τὸ π. Id.Mochl.8; of the arm and hand, with the palm downwards, v.l. in Fract.2; opp. ὕπτιος, Arist.Spir. l.c., Plu.Tim.11; of ἀστράγαλοι, ὀρθοὶ πίπτοντες ἢ πρηνεῖς Id.2.680a, cf. Poll.7.204; of seeds, hollow side downwards, Thphr.HP2.6.1; of a ship, bottom upwards, implied in Plu.Tim.l.c.

II. of parts of animals or man, that part which is uppermost and visible when the animal or man is in the πρανής position (the normal one for a quadruped), the back part, τὰ τετράποδα ..ἐν τοῖς ὑπτίοις οὐκ ἔ χει τὰς τρίχας, ἀλλ' ἐν τοῖς πρανέσι μᾶλλον: οἱ δ' ἄνθρωποι τοὐναντίον ἐν τοῖς ὑπτίοις μᾶλλον ἢ ἐν τοῖς πρανέσιν Arist.PA658a17, cf. HA498b20, 519a21, 540a2, GA717b30.

2. of leaves and of the hand, the back or 'wrong' side, τὰς ἶνας καὶ τὰς φλέβας ἐν τοῖς π. ἔχουσιν ὥσπερ ἡ χείρ Thphr. HP1.10.2 (misunderstood as the opposite by Plin.HN16.88), cf. 3.14.2.

III. of the sides of hills, πρὸς ἄναντες καὶ κατὰ πρανοῦς καὶ πλάγια ἐλαύνειν down hill, X.Eq.3.7, cf. An.1.5.8, 4.8.28, Plu.Sull.18; κατὰ τὰ π. X.Eq.8.6; τὸ π., opp. τὸ ὄρθιον, ibid., cf. Cyr.2.2.24.

2. convex, Arist.Mete.350a11.